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Emerging media following the Arab uprisings

Patricia Cruz

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The article “Understanding Emerging Media: Voice, Agency, and Precarity in the Post-2011 Arab Mediasphere” by Yazan Badran from Vrije Universiteit Brussel sought to understand the genesis, development and relevance of the new emerging media organizations in the Arab mediasphere following the Arab uprisings of 2010-2011.

The study builds on the author’s previous work on the field of emerging media in the region. The media organizations featured in the study present a range of different political contexts, mediums, and organizational models.

Central to the study is the concept of voice. Here, it is understood to be the process and ability to engage in self and collective narratives about one’s life, and the conscious valuing of this process. 

It is chosen here in the narrative framework to counteract some of the dominant paradigms of academic research, and allows the author to evaluate the discourses, practices, and structures of the actors, rather than focusing on technocratic notions such as circulation. 

The three aspects the study focuses on are the aforementioned voice, modalities, and political economies. The diversity of the voices in the emerging media sector is a testament to how controlled and sanitized the media landscape was before the uprisings – a move from ‘as if’ simulacrum of presentation to ‘as it is’.

An emblematic example is the rise of Kurdish-language journalism after a state-sanctioned policy of linguicide. Another example is the rise of Tunisian associative media and the articulation of regional marginalization and inequality. 

The pluralisation of media and voices has also brought previously taboo subjects to the coverage, such as sectarianism, gender, and sexual violence. Other matters concerning minorities or displaced people have also been given a voice.

A trend of professionalization can be observed with the emerging new media. From self-expression and self-communication, the new media is becoming more professional – an opposite trend to Castell’s ‘mass self-communication’, a move from professional to the amateur. 

The professionalization is evident in editorial choices and the adoption of journalistic norms and vocabulary, and the emphasis that the journalists of these organizations place on being journalists first rather than citizens or activists. 

The political economy under which the new media operates has been made possible by changes in the society that have made the funding of these ventures possible. Nevertheless, becoming economically self-sufficient is an extremely arduous task.

To allow the emerging media to operate and even provide full-time employment to its workers, media development aid via funding or direct grants plays an instrumental role. The downside of this funding is the suspicion it arouses: the readers might wonder on whose behalf the media is working. Thus the funding impacts the public legitimacy and the organizations have to manage that.

The funding model also creates a power differential between the local media and their international funders that some manage by spreading their donors more and thus being less contingent on any single Western viewpoint.

To conclude, the aftermath of the Arab uprisings has shown a pluralization of voices present in the media landscape. On the level of modalities, there is a diversity in practices but the author argues that the trend is towards professionalization. 

Finally, on the institutional level, the precarity of journalism by large is even more evident here as the organizations have to manage the complex web of legitimacy and financial viability.

The study  “Understanding Emerging Media: Voice, Agency, and Precarity in the Post-2011 Arab Mediasphere” by Yazan Badran is in Media and Communication. (open access). 

Picture: Arab man walking in Erbil, the capital of the Kurdistan region by 

Levi Meir Clancy.

License Unsplash. 

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Journalism

The Top Journalism Websites for News and Analysis”

Alice Trout

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Journalism plays an essential role in keeping the public informed about current events and issues. The internet has made it easier than ever to access a wide range of news and analysis from reputable sources. Here are some of the best journalism sites for keeping up-to-date on the latest happenings around the world:

  1. The New York Times (www.nytimes.com) – The New York Times is a well-respected newspaper that has been in operation for over 150 years. It offers a wide range of news and analysis on politics, business, technology, and culture.
  2. The Washington Post (www.washingtonpost.com) – The Washington Post is another well-respected newspaper that has been in operation for over 150 years. It offers in-depth coverage of national and international news, as well as commentary on politics, business, and more.
  3. The Guardian (www.theguardian.com) – The Guardian is a British newspaper that offers a wide range of news and analysis on politics, business, technology, and culture. It has a strong reputation for investigative journalism and has won numerous awards.
  4. BBC News (www.bbc.com/news) – BBC News is the online news division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). It offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events.
  5. Al Jazeera (www.aljazeera.com) – Al Jazeera is a Qatari news organization that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of the Middle East and North Africa.
  6. Reuters (www.reuters.com) – Reuters is a global news organization that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of business and financial news.
  7. CNN (www.cnn.com) – CNN is a global news organization that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of breaking news and live events.
  8. The Economist (www.economist.com) – The Economist is a British magazine that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events, with a focus on economics and politics.
  9. The Atlantic (www.theatlantic.com) – The Atlantic is an American magazine that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events, with a focus on politics, culture, and technology.
  10. ProPublica (www.propublica.org) – ProPublica is a non-profit organization that focuses on investigative journalism. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of politics, business, and social issues.

Guest blogging is a highly effective marketing strategy that every business should be utilizing. By purchasing PR publications, you can increase traffic and establish authority.

These are just a few examples of the many great journalism websites that are available. Whether you’re looking for breaking news, in-depth analysis, or a particular perspective on current events, these sites are an excellent starting point.

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Journalism

The Ethics of Healthcare Advertising: Balancing the Right to Information with the Risk of Deception

Alice Trout

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Healthcare advertising has the potential to inform and educate the public about important medical treatments and products, but it must be done in an ethical and responsible manner. On one hand, the public has the right to access information about healthcare options that may improve their quality of life or save their lives. On the other hand, there is a risk that healthcare advertising could deceive or mislead consumers, leading to negative consequences for both the companies and the public.

One issue with healthcare advertising is the promotion of prescription drugs for off-label use. Off-label use refers to the use of a drug for a purpose that has not been approved by the regulatory agency, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. While it is not illegal for doctors to prescribe drugs for off-label use, it is illegal for pharmaceutical companies to promote drugs for off-label use. This is because the FDA has not determined that the drug is safe and effective for the unapproved use.

Unfortunately, some pharmaceutical companies have been known to engage in off-label promotion in order to increase sales. This can be harmful to patients, as they may be prescribed a drug that has not been thoroughly tested for the specific condition they are suffering from. In some cases, off-label use of a drug can even be dangerous.

Another issue with healthcare advertising is the use of exaggerated or misleading claims. This can include making false or unproven statements about the effectiveness of a drug or treatment, or downplaying the risks and side effects. Such practices can lead to consumers making informed decisions about their healthcare, and can also harm the reputation of the healthcare industry as a whole.

In order to strike a balance between the right to information and the risk of deception, it is important for both regulatory agencies and the healthcare industry to prioritize ethical practices in healthcare advertising. This can include measures such as strict oversight by regulatory agencies, clear guidelines for the approval and review of advertising materials, and campaigns to educate the public about how to evaluate and interpret healthcare advertising. By taking these steps, we can ensure that the public has access to accurate and reliable information about healthcare options, while also protecting against deceptive practices that can harm both consumers and the healthcare industry.

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Journalism

Supporting Startup Founders’ Mental Health: The Importance of Prioritizing Well-Being in the Fast-Paced Startup World

Alice Trout

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As the startup world continues to thrive and grow, it’s important to recognize that the fast-paced, high-stress environment can take a toll on the mental health of founders and employees. In fact, research has shown that entrepreneurs are at a higher risk for mental health issues such as anxiety and depression compared to the general population.

One key factor that contributes to this risk is the pressure to succeed and the fear of failure that can come with starting and running a business. Additionally, the long hours and lack of work-life balance that are often associated with the startup world can also contribute to mental health challenges.

It’s essential that startups prioritize the mental health of their founders and employees, not only for the well-being of the individual, but also for the overall success of the business. Research has shown that mental health issues can negatively impact productivity and decision-making, which can have serious consequences for a company.

There are a few steps that startups can take to support the mental health of their team members:

  1. Encourage open communication and create a safe space for employees to talk about their mental health concerns.
  2. Offer resources such as counseling and mental health benefits to employees.
  3. Foster a culture of self-care by promoting healthy habits such as regular exercise and proper nutrition.
  4. Set boundaries and encourage work-life balance to prevent burnout.

For those not ready to go to the doctor or looking for support, mental health startups Europe offer help through apps.

It’s important to remember that mental health is just as important as physical health, and it’s crucial that startups prioritize the well-being of their founders and employees. By taking steps to support the mental health of their team, startups can create a positive and healthy work environment that leads to success for both the business and its employees.

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