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JournoFest 2022: Reporting on hostile environments

Patricia Cruz

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This year’s JournoFest panel ‘From the frontline: reporting on hostile environments’ focused on managing fear and pressure in the face of conflict, writes School of Journalism Manchester trainee Jessica Sharkey.

In her spare time, you may find Sky News special correspondent Alex Crawford scuba diving! The majority of her time, however, is spent reporting from hostile environments such as Syria, Yemen and, recently, Ukraine.

This was the ever-important theme of the second brilliant panel at JournoFest 2022 starring Crawford, The Sun’s defence editor Jerome Starkey and Sky News international affairs producer Sophie Alexander.

While Starkey travelled home from a tough stint in Ukraine and Sophie celebrated an outstanding Bafta win, keen journalists on the call learned exactly what it takes to report in places many would never step foot in.

The top tips of the evening: don’t give up, don’t panic… and keep trying until you pass those reporting exams!

A huge question everyone wants to ask a foreign correspondent is, naturally, if they get scared.

Crawford, who covered both the Libyan and Syrian civil wars, said: “All the time. I think that’s part of the survival technique, you have to be on guard and worry about all sorts of things.”

What can go wrong? What decisions need to be made? How do I keep calm? These are some of the questions running through a reporter’s head when they find themselves in a scary situation.

Family life is another worry. Starkey was living proof of the strain between family life and work as his taxi sped down the motorway to reunite him with his pregnant girlfriend and two-year-old son after five weeks in Ukraine.

Alexander – who joined Sky in December – has made four trips to Ukraine this year so far, leaving behind her girlfriend for weeks at a time.

The guilt of leaving family and friends was a shared sentiment for all three panellists but it’s clear their loved ones respect the incredibly important work they are doing and the stories they are sharing.

It’s not just families who are commending our panellists.

Alexander, who was part of the ITN Washington team embedded with the right-wing mob who stormed the Capitol, won a BAFTA this month for that very report. It is fair to say is proud to call her one of our very own alumni!

An OBE and a five-time winner of Journalist of the Year are just some of Crawford’s achievements during her astounding career.

Starkey has won the Frontline Club award for excellence and in 2010 headed an investigation which led to NATO admitting to the killing of eight schoolboys in Afghanistan.

Of course, the main talking point of the conversation was the Russian war in Ukraine.

The panel have all very recently reported from Ukraine and they all spoke about how security measures have definitely increased after recent attacks on journalists.

Their words at JournoFest were proof that the world of foreign correspondence is always changing. There will always be wars, hostile environments and war crime investigations. This incredible panel made it very clear how important war reporting will inevitably always be.

As Starkey said regarding taking risks and working hard: “If you don’t go, you won’t know.”

‘From the frontline: reporting on hostile environments’ was the second panel in a week of captivating events. Read about the full JournoFest line-up here.

trainees get the best access to industry connections and exclusive events. Apply now for our NCTJ multimedia journalism courses.

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Journalism

The Top Journalism Websites for News and Analysis”

Alice Trout

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Journalism plays an essential role in keeping the public informed about current events and issues. The internet has made it easier than ever to access a wide range of news and analysis from reputable sources. Here are some of the best journalism sites for keeping up-to-date on the latest happenings around the world:

  1. The New York Times (www.nytimes.com) – The New York Times is a well-respected newspaper that has been in operation for over 150 years. It offers a wide range of news and analysis on politics, business, technology, and culture.
  2. The Washington Post (www.washingtonpost.com) – The Washington Post is another well-respected newspaper that has been in operation for over 150 years. It offers in-depth coverage of national and international news, as well as commentary on politics, business, and more.
  3. The Guardian (www.theguardian.com) – The Guardian is a British newspaper that offers a wide range of news and analysis on politics, business, technology, and culture. It has a strong reputation for investigative journalism and has won numerous awards.
  4. BBC News (www.bbc.com/news) – BBC News is the online news division of the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). It offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events.
  5. Al Jazeera (www.aljazeera.com) – Al Jazeera is a Qatari news organization that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of the Middle East and North Africa.
  6. Reuters (www.reuters.com) – Reuters is a global news organization that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of business and financial news.
  7. CNN (www.cnn.com) – CNN is a global news organization that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of breaking news and live events.
  8. The Economist (www.economist.com) – The Economist is a British magazine that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events, with a focus on economics and politics.
  9. The Atlantic (www.theatlantic.com) – The Atlantic is an American magazine that offers a wide range of news and analysis on international, national, and regional events, with a focus on politics, culture, and technology.
  10. ProPublica (www.propublica.org) – ProPublica is a non-profit organization that focuses on investigative journalism. It has a strong reputation for its coverage of politics, business, and social issues.

Guest blogging is a highly effective marketing strategy that every business should be utilizing. By purchasing PR publications, you can increase traffic and establish authority.

These are just a few examples of the many great journalism websites that are available. Whether you’re looking for breaking news, in-depth analysis, or a particular perspective on current events, these sites are an excellent starting point.

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Journalism

The Ethics of Healthcare Advertising: Balancing the Right to Information with the Risk of Deception

Alice Trout

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Healthcare advertising has the potential to inform and educate the public about important medical treatments and products, but it must be done in an ethical and responsible manner. On one hand, the public has the right to access information about healthcare options that may improve their quality of life or save their lives. On the other hand, there is a risk that healthcare advertising could deceive or mislead consumers, leading to negative consequences for both the companies and the public.

One issue with healthcare advertising is the promotion of prescription drugs for off-label use. Off-label use refers to the use of a drug for a purpose that has not been approved by the regulatory agency, such as the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in the United States. While it is not illegal for doctors to prescribe drugs for off-label use, it is illegal for pharmaceutical companies to promote drugs for off-label use. This is because the FDA has not determined that the drug is safe and effective for the unapproved use.

Unfortunately, some pharmaceutical companies have been known to engage in off-label promotion in order to increase sales. This can be harmful to patients, as they may be prescribed a drug that has not been thoroughly tested for the specific condition they are suffering from. In some cases, off-label use of a drug can even be dangerous.

Another issue with healthcare advertising is the use of exaggerated or misleading claims. This can include making false or unproven statements about the effectiveness of a drug or treatment, or downplaying the risks and side effects. Such practices can lead to consumers making informed decisions about their healthcare, and can also harm the reputation of the healthcare industry as a whole.

In order to strike a balance between the right to information and the risk of deception, it is important for both regulatory agencies and the healthcare industry to prioritize ethical practices in healthcare advertising. This can include measures such as strict oversight by regulatory agencies, clear guidelines for the approval and review of advertising materials, and campaigns to educate the public about how to evaluate and interpret healthcare advertising. By taking these steps, we can ensure that the public has access to accurate and reliable information about healthcare options, while also protecting against deceptive practices that can harm both consumers and the healthcare industry.

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Journalism

Supporting Startup Founders’ Mental Health: The Importance of Prioritizing Well-Being in the Fast-Paced Startup World

Alice Trout

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As the startup world continues to thrive and grow, it’s important to recognize that the fast-paced, high-stress environment can take a toll on the mental health of founders and employees. In fact, research has shown that entrepreneurs are at a higher risk for mental health issues such as anxiety and depression compared to the general population.

One key factor that contributes to this risk is the pressure to succeed and the fear of failure that can come with starting and running a business. Additionally, the long hours and lack of work-life balance that are often associated with the startup world can also contribute to mental health challenges.

It’s essential that startups prioritize the mental health of their founders and employees, not only for the well-being of the individual, but also for the overall success of the business. Research has shown that mental health issues can negatively impact productivity and decision-making, which can have serious consequences for a company.

There are a few steps that startups can take to support the mental health of their team members:

  1. Encourage open communication and create a safe space for employees to talk about their mental health concerns.
  2. Offer resources such as counseling and mental health benefits to employees.
  3. Foster a culture of self-care by promoting healthy habits such as regular exercise and proper nutrition.
  4. Set boundaries and encourage work-life balance to prevent burnout.

For those not ready to go to the doctor or looking for support, mental health startups Europe offer help through apps.

It’s important to remember that mental health is just as important as physical health, and it’s crucial that startups prioritize the well-being of their founders and employees. By taking steps to support the mental health of their team, startups can create a positive and healthy work environment that leads to success for both the business and its employees.

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