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Research of April 2022

Patricia Cruz



Here is a list of all academic peer-reviewed articles, reports and other papers published in April 2022 about journalism research. The bolded titles have JRN articles written about the studies.


Published Title Author(s) Journal / publisher
2022-04-01 Images from the Battlefields: How Al-Jazeera and BBC News Sites Visually Framed the Libyan Revolution Kioko Ireri Visual Communication Quarterly
2022-04-01 How to tackle the conceptual inconsistency of audience engagement? The introduction of the Dynamic Model of Audience Engagement Constanza Gajardo, Irene Costera Meijer
2022-04-02 The Reproduction of Power and Jargon in COVID-19 Coverage in Zambian Media: An Analysis of the Zambia Daily Mail and Mwebantu Basil N. Hamusokwe,Lyton Ncube,Carole Phiri-Chibbonta,Juliet Tembo &Elastus Mambwe Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Trial by Media?: Media Use, Fear of Crime, and Attitudes Toward Police Soo Young Shin &Brendan R. Watson Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Coverage of Public Opinion Polls: Journalists’ Perceptions and Readers’ Responses Alyssa Appelman &Mike Schmierbach Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Portraying the Pandemic: Analysis of Textual-Visual Frames in German News Coverage of COVID-19 on Twitter Yi Xu,Jingyuan Yu &Martin Löffelholz Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Loyalty in the Newsroom. Employment Relationships in Public Service Broadcasting Samuel Toledano, María Lamuedra Graván &José María García-de-Madariaga Journalism Practice
2022-04-03 A convivial-agonistic framework to theorise public service media platforms and their governing systems Tiziano Bonini, Eleonora Maria Mazzoli
New Media & Society
2022-04-03 Circulation of conspiracy theories in the attention factory Katja Valaskivi Popular Communication
2022-04-04 “The New Sheriffs in Town”! Newspapers Visibility of Kenya’s First County Governors Jimmy Ochieng &Kioko Ireri African Journalism Studies
2022-04-04 The Mediatization of Politics in Cameroon: A Political Actor-Centric Approach Christian Nounkeu Tatchou African Journalism Studies
2022-04-04 Transforming children’s perception of autism through the “superpower” of media representation in the US Eunice Chow &Momo Hayakawa Journal of Children and Media
2022-04-04 Fake news on you, Not me: The Third-Person Effects of Fake News in South Korea Joseph Yoo,Daekyung Kim &Wi-Geun Kim Communication Research Reports
2022-04-04 The pandemic shock doctrine in an authoritarian context: the economic, bodily, and political precarity of Turkey’s journalists during the pandemic Ergin Bulut, Can Ertuna
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-06 “I Felt I Got to Know Everyone”: How News on Stage Combines Theatre and Journalism for a Live Audience Catherine Adams &Glenda Cooper Journalism Practice
2022-04-06 ‘Just like us’: community radio broadcasters and the on-air performance of community identity Bridget Backhaus Continuum
2022-04-06 DIANA (1969-1978): the first women’s finance magazine in Spain Susana Martínez-Rodríguez Feminist Media Studies
2022-04-06 The Effect of Deepfake Video on News Credibility and Corrective Influence of Cost-Based Knowledge about Deepfakes Soo Yun Shin &Jiyoung Lee Digital Journalism
2022-04-06 Gender Stereotypes in Young Children’s Magazines Lauren Spinner,Lindsey Cameron &Harriet R. Tenenbaum Mass Communication and Society
2022-04-06 Censorship, clientelism and bureaucracy: Production cultures in Colombian state-owned media system Alejandra Castano-Echeverri
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-06 Constructing ‘race/ethnicity’ and nationality in Spanish media: a content analysis of international football coverage Carmen Longas Luque, Jacco van Sterkenburg
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-07 A thematic exploration of three countries’ government communication during the COVID-19 crisis and corresponding media coverage Linda Jean Kenix &Jorge Freddy Bolanos Lopez Communication Research and Practice
2022-04-07 Right-Wing, Populist, Controlled by Foreign Powers? Topic Diversification and Partisanship in the Content Structures of German-Language Alternative Media Philipp Müller &Rainer Freudenthaler Digital Journalism
2022-04-07 Excluding and Including: News Tailoring Strategies in an Era of News Overload Zhieh Lor,Hae Jung Oh &Jihyang Choi Digital Journalism
2022-04-07 Comparing Frame Repertoires of Mainstream and Right-Wing Alternative Media Tilman Klawier, Fabian Prochazka &Wolfgang Schweiger Digital Journalism
2022-04-07 How News Organizations Sell Native Advertising: Discourses of Integration and Separation on In-House Content Studio Web Sites Matt Carlson &Andrew Locke Journalism Studies
2022-04-07 When “Development” Became News: How JFK’s Alliance for Progress Reshaped Journalistic Narratives of Progress in Venezuela Jairo Lugo-Ocando Journalism Studies
2022-04-07 When News Use Feels Wrong: Four Reactions to Misalignments Between Feeling Rules and Feeling Responses Josephine Lehaff Journalism Studies
2022-04-07 Finding Better Ways for Newsrooms to Counter COVID Misinformation in the United States Tricia Fulks Kelley Journal of Media Ethics
2022-04-08 Images of Transgressions: Visuals as Reconstructed Evidence in Digital Investigative Journalism Fredrik Bjerknes Journalism Studies
2022-04-08 Social media, misinformation, and cultivation of informational mistrust: Cultivating Covid-19 mistrust Yong Jin Park, Jae Eun Chung, Jeong Nam Kim
2022-04-09 Cross-cultural engagement through translated news: A reception analysis Claire Scammell, Esperança Bielsa
2022-04-09 Risk Propensity, News Frames and Immigration Attitudes Anita Gottlob, Hajo Boomgaarden International Journal of Communication
2022-04-09 Concentration of Media Ownership in Indonesia: A Setback for Viewpoint Diversity Masduki, Leen d’Haenens International Journal of Communication
2022-04-09 Live and Kicking: Digital Live Broadcasting Technologies, Participating Strangers and News Mobility Jonathan Ilan International Journal of Communication
2022-04-10 Constructing Victimization Grand-Narrative in the Ukrainian Foreign-Language Press (1901–1926) Serhiy Blavatskyy Media History
2022-04-10 Magic 10 and NBA Bubble Sports Journalists’ Practices During NBA Season 2019–2020 Andy Sturt &Muhammad Fahad Humayun Journalism Practice
2022-04-11 Transnationalising reactionary conservative activism: A multimodal critical discourse analysis of far-right narratives online Xinyi Zhang &Mark Davis Communication Research and Practice
2022-04-11 Good news is good news for new economic powers Jianhong Zhang, Chaohong Zhou, Haico Ebbers
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-11 How do social media affect people’s compassion and civic action? The case of the Sewol Ferry disaster in Korea Jeehyun Kim, Yong-Chan Kim, Ahra Cho, Euikyung Shin &Yeji Kwon Asian Journal of Communication
2022-04-11 Performing Representational Labor: Blackness, Indigeneity, and Legibility in Global Latinx Media Cultures Jillian M. Báez Feminist Media Studies
2022-04-11 Confronting COVID-19: constructing and contesting legitimacy through the media in Chinese contexts Jingrong Tong Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-04-11 Functioning, failing, and fixing: logistical media and legitimacy in Macao during the pandemic Gehao Zhang Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-04-12 Egyptian Women Journalists’ Feminist Voices in a Shifting Digitalized Journalistic Field Sahar Khamis &Rasha El-Ibiary Digital Journalism
2022-04-13 Trust and Fear in the Newsroom: How Emotions Drive the Exchange of Innovative Ideas Ornella Porcu, Liesbeth Hermans &Marcel Broersma Journalism Studies
2022-04-13 Technology Innovation and Digital Journalism Practice by Indigenous African-language Newspapers: The Case of uMthunywa in Zimbabwe Thulani Tshabangu &Abiodun Salawu African Journalism Studies
2022-04-13 News, Threats, and Trust: How COVID-19 News Shaped Political Trust, and How Threat Perceptions Conditioned This Relationship Ernesto de León, Mykola Makhortykh, Teresa Gil-Lopez, Aleksandra Urman, Silke Adam
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-04-13 Selective appropriation in the BBC news translated into Ukrainian and Russian Angela Kamyanets
2022-04-13 Digitalizing the Journalistic Field: Journalists’ Views on Changes in Journalistic Autonomy, Capital and Habitus Terje Lindblom, Johan Lindell &Katarina Gidlund Digital Journalism
2022-04-13 Emotion Mobilisation through the Imagery of People in Finnish-Language Right-Wing Alternative Media Salla Tuomola &Karin Wahl-Jorgensen Digital Journalism
2022-04-13 The Practice of Data-Driven Journalism in Brazil: Between Disruption and the Reinstatement of Professional Values Fábio Henrique Pereira &Bruna Mastrella Digital Journalism
2022-04-14 “The darkest time in our history”: An analysis of news media constructions of liquor theft in Canada’s settler colonial context Steven Kohm, Katharina Maier
Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal
2022-04-14 Is all Russian news the same? Framing in Russian news media generated by the Yandex news algorithm for the United States, Estonia, and Russia Heidi Erbsen, Siim Põldre
2022-04-14 CrossRef citations to date
Research Article
Google News and Machine Gatekeepers: Algorithmic Personalisation and News Diversity in Online News Search
Ryan Evans, Daniel Jackson &Jaron Murphy Digital Journalism
2022-04-14 ‘The bullets brought the curtain down on that lowlife’: discursive representation and legitimation of capital punishment in the press Krisda Chaemsaithong Critical Discourse Studies
2022-04-14 An Examination of Affiliate and Network Television Channels’ Facebook Use for Addressing Audiences’ Critical Information Needs Monica Chadha, K. Hazel Kwon, Jiun-Yi Tsai
Electronic News
2022-04-15 In feminism we trust! On how feminist standpoint epistemologies shape journalism practices in two argentine digital newsrooms Ayleen Cabas-Mijares
2022-04-16 Embedded authoritarianism: the politics of poor press freedom in Indian Kashmir Tawseef Majeed
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-16 Boundaries in Motion? Finnish Political Journalists’ External and Internal Boundary Work in a Time of Change Jari Väliverronen Journalism Studies
2022-04-17 Operationalising Hybrid Newsroom Ethnography: Observing Amidst a Pandemic Jonathan Hendrickx &Ike Picone Journalism Practice
2022-04-17 Disconnecting from digital news: News avoidance and the ignored role of social class Johan Lindell, Else Mikkelsen Båge
2022-04-18 Partnering with Smart TV Platforms: The Content Providers’ Dilemma Sebastian Goetzenberger, Grant Mooney &Bernd Riefler International Journal on Media Management
2022-04-18 “He’s a Mr. Mom”: Cultural Ambivalence in Print News Depictions of Stay-at-Home Fathers, 1987–2016 Arielle Kuperberg, Pamela Stone, Torie Lucas
Gender & Society
2022-04-18 Distilling the value of public service media: Towards a tenable conceptualisation in the European framework Azahara Cañedo, Marta Rodríguez-Castro, Ana María López-Cepeda
European Journal of Communication
2022-04-18 Editors’ introduction: the twentieth anniversary issue of Feminist Media Studies Francesca Sobande, Sherri Williams & Sophie Bishop Feminist Media Studies
2022-04-18 Distilling the value of public service media: Towards a tenable conceptualisation in the European framework Azahara Cañedo, Marta Rodríguez-Castro, Ana María López-Cepeda
European Journal of Communication
2022-04-18 Mediating a regime in crisis: corruption and succession in Zimbabwe’s state media Mandlenkosi Mpofu, Lungile Augustine Tshuma, Mbongeni Jonny Msimanga
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-19 Moving Barriers to Investigative Journalism in Latin America in Times of Instability and Professional Innovation Vanessa de Macedo Higgins Joyce, Lourdes Cueva Chacón & Rosental Calmon Alves Journalism Practice
2022-04-20 Mediated forensics and militant evidence: rethinking the camera as weapon Patrick Brian Smith, Ryan Watson
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-20 Communities of practice in the production and resourcing of fact-checking Stephanie Brookes, Lisa Waller Journalism
2022-04-20 A Russian-American News Cross-Coverage. A Hidden Threat to the Democratic Way of Life Alexander G. Nikolaev Southern Communication Journal
2022-04-20 The Making of a Media Category: The English-language press in fin-de-siècle Paris Colette Colligan Media History
2022-04-20 Rethinking civic education in the digital era: How media, school, and youth negotiate the meaning of citizenship Weiyu Zhang, Zhuo Chen, Jia Ying Neoh, Yeow-Tong Chia
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-21 The effects of partisan framing on COVID-19 attitudes: Experimental evidence from early and late pandemic Amber Wichowsky, Meghan Condon
Research & Politics
2022-04-21 Visibility and invisibility in the aged care sector: Visual representation in Australian news from 2018–2021 TJ Thomson, Evonne Miller, Sarah Holland-Batt, Jen Seevinck, Sam Regi
Media International Australia
2022-04-22 Science Training for Political Reporters: Understanding Impact with a Mixed Methods Approach Hollie Smith, David M. Markowitz & Christine Gilbert Journalism Practice
2022-04-22 Framing the Colombian Peace Process: Between Peace and War Journalism Víctor García-Perdomo, Summer Harlow & Danielle K. Brown Journalism Practice
2022-04-22 The “Price You Pay” and the “Badge of Honor”: Journalists, Gender, and Harassment Kaitlin C. Miller
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-04-23 Medium and source convergence in crisis information acquisition: Patterns, antecedents, and outcomes Xinyan Zhao, Sifan Xu, Lucinda L. Austin
New Media & Society
2022-04-23 The ‘connected migrant’: A scoping review Claire Moran
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2022-04-24 Media coverage and Its Determinants in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic SLAVOMÍR GÁLIK AND SABÍNA GÁLIKOVÁ TOLNAIOVÁ Communication Today
2022-04-24 Motivations for News Exposure in Different Media Systems: AComparative Study of Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom JORDI RODRÍGUEZ-VIRGILI, AURKEN SIERRA AND JAVIER SERRANO-PUCHE Communication Today
2022-04-24 Media Use and Perceived Pollution: Does a Reinforcing Spiral Exist in China? Yimin Mao International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 (Un)Veiling Our Biases: Activating Religious, Emotional, and Contextual Cues in News Media Representations of Syrian Refugees Laura P. B. Partain, Andrew J. Weaver International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Different Effects on Different Immigrant Groups: Testing the Media’s Role in Triggering Perceptions of Economic, Cultural, and Security Threats From Immigration Nora Theorin International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Twitter and Endorsed (Fake) News: The Influence of Endorsement by Strong Ties, Celebrities, and a User Majority on Credibility of Fake News During the COVID-19 Pandemic Inyoung Shin, Luxuan Wang, Yi-Ta Lu International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Values and Media Literacy: Exploring the Relationship Between the Values People Prioritize in Their Life and Their Attitudes Toward Media Literacy Simon Chambers, Tanya Notley, Michael Dezuanni, Sora Park International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Political Identity and the Therapeutic Work of U.S. Conservative Media Anthony Nadler International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Measuring the diffusion of conspiracy theories in digital information ecologies Annett Heft, Kilian Buehling
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2022-04-24 Media Use and National Image: How Americans and Chinese Perceive the U.S.–China Trade War Lars Willnat, Shuo Tang, Jian Shi, Ning Zhan
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-24 “We’re Human Too”: Media Coverage of Simone Biles’s Mental Health Disclosure during the 2020 Tokyo Olympics Kevin G. Thompson, Gilbert Carter, Edwin S. Lee, Talal Alshamrani, Andrew C. Billings
Electronic News
2022-04-24 Social representations, media, and iconography: A semiodiscursive analysis of Facebook posts related to the COVID-19 pandemic Golda Cohen, Mathieu Bessin, Sandrine Gaymard
European Journal of Communication
2022-04-25 Gun violence as a public health issue: Media advocacy, framing and implications for communication Brooke W. McKeever, Minhee Choi, Denetra Walker, Robert McKeever Newspaper Research Journal
2022-04-25 Black Lives Matter to media (finally): A content analysis of news coverage during summer 2020 Jennifer Brannock Cox Newspaper Research Journal
2022-04-25 In Platforms We Trust?Unlocking the Black-Box of News Algorithms through Interpretable AI Donghee Shin, Bouziane Zaid, Frank Biocca & Azmat Rasul
Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-04-25 Media and “Abhorrent” Profession: Portrayal of Sex Workers in a Patriarchal Nigerian Society Nathan Oguche Emmanuel, Hashim Muhammad Suleiman & Celestine Verlumun Gever Journalism Practice
2022-04-26 Practical, Not Radical: Examining Innovative Learning Culture in a Public Service Media Organization Minna Koivula, Salla-Maaria Laaksonen & Mikko Villi Journalism Studies
2022-04-26 Significant social movement as a critical event: The impact of journalists’ mutual attention on the differentiation between traditional and alternative media in the field Macau K. F. Mak
2022-04-26 Chinese Electronic Media: Social Evolution and Social Change in the Digital Information Age Shuhua Zhou, Carolyn A. Lin & Xingang Chen Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-04-26 State and Market: A Historical Review and Theoretical Remapping of the Broadcast Media Transformation in China Xiaohong Wang, Xingang Chen & Lingbo Tu Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-04-27 Cloaked science: the Yan reports Jennifer Nilsen, Joan Donovan & Rob Faris Information, Communication & Society
2022-04-27 Information technology & media sociology in a (still) pandemic world Jenny L. Davis, Dustin Kidd, Muyang Li, Rachel Aalders & Tyler Burgese Information, Communication & Society
2022-04-27 Globalisation, media trust, and populism: A comparative study of the US and Germany Pu Yan, Ralph Schroeder
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-28 Anything Goes? Youth, News, and Democratic Engagement in the Roaring 2020s Jakob Ohme, Kim Andersen, Erik Albæk, Claes H. de Vreese
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-04-29 Moral solidarity as a news value: Rendering marginalized communities and enduring social injustice newsworthy Anita Varma
2022-04-29 Where or Nowhere? Tracking Elusive Journalistic Guidelines for Ethical Use of Location Data Brett Oppegaard & Amy Schmitz Weiss Digital Journalism
2022-04-29 Alternative Media & Mainstream Politics: The Case of Mediated Political Fusion Joshua D. Atkinson, Blessy McWan, Jewel White & Rafsanul Hoque Digital Journalism
2022-04-29 A Human-Centered Design Approach to Creating Tools to Help Journalists Monitor Digital Political Ads: Insights and Challenges Brian McKernan, Jennifer Stromer-Galley, Ania Korsunska, Sarah E. Bolden, Patrícia Rossini & Jeff Hemsley Digital Journalism
2022-04-30 The Journalism in Climate Change Websites: Their Distinct Forms of Specialism, Content, and Role Perceptions James Painter, Jarkko Kangas, Risto Kunelius & Adrienne Russell Journalism Practice
2022-04-30 Manufacturing Digitalized Soft Propaganda: Practices of the Chinese Party Newspapers in the Past Decade Kaibin Xu &Yuying He Journalism Practice

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The benefits of practicing mindfulness and how to start

Alice Trout



In today’s fast-paced world, it’s easy to get caught up in the chaos of everyday life. Between work, family, and other responsibilities, we often forget to take care of ourselves. This is where mindfulness comes in. Mindfulness is the practice of being present in the moment, without judgment. In this article, we will explore the benefits of practicing mindfulness and how to start.

Benefits of Practicing Mindfulness

  1. Reduces stress and anxiety

Mindfulness can help to reduce stress and anxiety levels. By focusing on the present moment, you can calm your mind and reduce racing thoughts.

  1. Improves mental clarity

Practicing mindfulness can improve mental clarity and focus. It can help to clear your mind of distractions and increase productivity.

  1. Enhances self-awareness

Mindfulness can increase self-awareness and help you to understand your thoughts and emotions better. By being present in the moment, you can learn to recognize your patterns of thinking and behavior.

  1. Improves relationships

Mindfulness can help to improve relationships by increasing empathy and compassion. By being present with others, you can develop a deeper understanding of their needs and feelings.

How to Start Practicing Mindfulness

  1. Set aside time

Set aside a specific time every day to practice mindfulness. It can be as little as 5-10 minutes per day to start.

  1. Find a quiet space

Find a quiet space where you won’t be disturbed. It could be a quiet corner of your home or a quiet park.

  1. Focus on your breath

Focus on your breath and the physical sensations of breathing. Notice the rise and fall of your chest and the sensation of air moving in and out of your body.

  1. Be present

Allow yourself to be present in the moment without judgment. Let your thoughts and emotions come and go without dwelling on them.

  1. Practice regularly

Make mindfulness a regular practice. It takes time to develop the habit, but the benefits are worth it.

In conclusion, practicing mindfulness can have numerous benefits for our mental and physical well-being. It’s a simple yet powerful practice that can be incorporated into our daily lives. By setting aside a few minutes each day to practice mindfulness, we can reduce stress and anxiety, improve mental clarity, and enhance our relationships. So why not give it a try? Your mind and body will thank you for it.

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How to create a perfect morning routine for a productive day

Alice Trout



Do you ever feel like your day has gotten away from you before it even starts? One way to combat this feeling is to create a perfect morning routine. Establishing a routine can help you start your day off on the right foot, and set the tone for a productive and successful day. Here are some tips on how to create a morning routine that works for you.

Determine Your Priorities

Before you start creating a morning routine, it’s important to determine what your priorities are. What are the things that you want to accomplish in the morning? Do you want to exercise, meditate, or have a healthy breakfast? Once you have a list of your priorities, you can start creating a routine that includes them.

Wake Up at the Same Time Every Day

Waking up at the same time every day can help regulate your body’s natural sleep cycle and make it easier to fall asleep at night. Try to wake up at the same time every day, even on weekends. This can help establish a consistent routine and make it easier to stick to.

Take Time for Yourself

Many people feel rushed and stressed in the morning, but taking some time for yourself can help alleviate this feeling. Whether it’s meditating, reading a book, or simply enjoying a cup of coffee, taking time for yourself can help you start your day feeling calm and centered.


Exercise is a great way to start your day, as it can help increase your energy levels and improve your mood. Whether it’s a quick jog, yoga practice, or weightlifting session, try to include some form of exercise in your morning routine.

Eat a Healthy Breakfast

Breakfast is often called the most important meal of the day, and for good reason. Eating a healthy breakfast can help fuel your body and provide the energy you need to start your day. Try to include protein, whole grains, and fruit or vegetables in your breakfast.

Plan Your Day

Taking a few minutes to plan your day can help you stay focused and productive. Make a to-do list or set priorities for the day, and review your calendar to make sure you’re prepared for any meetings or appointments.

Stick to Your Routine

Once you’ve created a morning routine that works for you, try to stick to it as much as possible. Consistency is key, and sticking to your routine can help establish healthy habits and improve your overall productivity.

In conclusion, creating a perfect morning routine can help set the tone for a productive and successful day. By determining your priorities, waking up at the same time every day, taking time for yourself, exercising, eating a healthy breakfast, planning your day, and sticking to your routine, you can create a morning routine that works for you. Remember, it’s all about finding what works best for you and your lifestyle.

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10 simple yet effective ways to reduce stress in your daily life

Alice Trout



Stress is an inevitable part of our lives, but it can have a negative impact on our mental and physical health if left unchecked. Fortunately, there are several simple yet effective ways to reduce stress in our daily lives. In this article, we will explore 10 such methods that you can easily incorporate into your routine.

Exercise regularly

Physical activity is an excellent way to relieve stress. It helps to release endorphins, which are natural mood-boosters. You don’t have to engage in high-intensity workouts to reap the benefits. Even a brisk walk or light yoga can help reduce stress levels.

Get enough sleep

Lack of sleep can cause irritability, mood swings, and increase stress levels. Make sure you get at least 7-8 hours of sleep every night to feel well-rested and refreshed.

Practice deep breathing

Deep breathing techniques such as diaphragmatic breathing can help to calm your mind and body. Inhale deeply through your nose and exhale slowly through your mouth. Repeat this for a few minutes to feel relaxed.

Spend time in nature

Spending time in nature can have a calming effect on your mind and body. Take a walk in the park or go for a hike in the woods to feel rejuvenated.

Practice mindfulness meditation

Mindfulness meditation involves focusing on the present moment without judgment. It can help to reduce stress and anxiety levels. Set aside a few minutes every day to practice mindfulness meditation.

Listen to music

Music has a soothing effect on our minds. Listening to calming music can help to reduce stress levels. Create a playlist of your favorite relaxing tunes and listen to it when you feel stressed.

Practice yoga or tai chi

Yoga and tai chi are ancient practices that combine physical postures and breathing techniques. They can help to reduce stress levels and promote relaxation.

Connect with loved ones

Talking to friends and family members can help to reduce stress levels. It can provide a sense of comfort and support during challenging times.

Practice gratitude

Focusing on the positive aspects of life can help to reduce stress levels. Make a habit of practicing gratitude by writing down things you are thankful for every day.

Take breaks

Taking short breaks throughout the day can help to reduce stress levels. Go for a short walk, practice deep breathing or simply take a few moments to close your eyes and relax.

In conclusion, stress is a part of life, but it doesn’t have to take over. By incorporating these simple yet effective methods into your daily routine, you can reduce stress levels and improve your overall well-being. Remember, taking care of yourself should always be a top priority.

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