Connect with us


Research of April 2022

Patricia Cruz



Here is a list of all academic peer-reviewed articles, reports and other papers published in April 2022 about journalism research. The bolded titles have JRN articles written about the studies.


Published Title Author(s) Journal / publisher
2022-04-01 Images from the Battlefields: How Al-Jazeera and BBC News Sites Visually Framed the Libyan Revolution Kioko Ireri Visual Communication Quarterly
2022-04-01 How to tackle the conceptual inconsistency of audience engagement? The introduction of the Dynamic Model of Audience Engagement Constanza Gajardo, Irene Costera Meijer
2022-04-02 The Reproduction of Power and Jargon in COVID-19 Coverage in Zambian Media: An Analysis of the Zambia Daily Mail and Mwebantu Basil N. Hamusokwe,Lyton Ncube,Carole Phiri-Chibbonta,Juliet Tembo &Elastus Mambwe Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Trial by Media?: Media Use, Fear of Crime, and Attitudes Toward Police Soo Young Shin &Brendan R. Watson Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Coverage of Public Opinion Polls: Journalists’ Perceptions and Readers’ Responses Alyssa Appelman &Mike Schmierbach Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Portraying the Pandemic: Analysis of Textual-Visual Frames in German News Coverage of COVID-19 on Twitter Yi Xu,Jingyuan Yu &Martin Löffelholz Journalism Practice
2022-04-02 Loyalty in the Newsroom. Employment Relationships in Public Service Broadcasting Samuel Toledano, María Lamuedra Graván &José María García-de-Madariaga Journalism Practice
2022-04-03 A convivial-agonistic framework to theorise public service media platforms and their governing systems Tiziano Bonini, Eleonora Maria Mazzoli
New Media & Society
2022-04-03 Circulation of conspiracy theories in the attention factory Katja Valaskivi Popular Communication
2022-04-04 “The New Sheriffs in Town”! Newspapers Visibility of Kenya’s First County Governors Jimmy Ochieng &Kioko Ireri African Journalism Studies
2022-04-04 The Mediatization of Politics in Cameroon: A Political Actor-Centric Approach Christian Nounkeu Tatchou African Journalism Studies
2022-04-04 Transforming children’s perception of autism through the “superpower” of media representation in the US Eunice Chow &Momo Hayakawa Journal of Children and Media
2022-04-04 Fake news on you, Not me: The Third-Person Effects of Fake News in South Korea Joseph Yoo,Daekyung Kim &Wi-Geun Kim Communication Research Reports
2022-04-04 The pandemic shock doctrine in an authoritarian context: the economic, bodily, and political precarity of Turkey’s journalists during the pandemic Ergin Bulut, Can Ertuna
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-06 “I Felt I Got to Know Everyone”: How News on Stage Combines Theatre and Journalism for a Live Audience Catherine Adams &Glenda Cooper Journalism Practice
2022-04-06 ‘Just like us’: community radio broadcasters and the on-air performance of community identity Bridget Backhaus Continuum
2022-04-06 DIANA (1969-1978): the first women’s finance magazine in Spain Susana Martínez-Rodríguez Feminist Media Studies
2022-04-06 The Effect of Deepfake Video on News Credibility and Corrective Influence of Cost-Based Knowledge about Deepfakes Soo Yun Shin &Jiyoung Lee Digital Journalism
2022-04-06 Gender Stereotypes in Young Children’s Magazines Lauren Spinner,Lindsey Cameron &Harriet R. Tenenbaum Mass Communication and Society
2022-04-06 Censorship, clientelism and bureaucracy: Production cultures in Colombian state-owned media system Alejandra Castano-Echeverri
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-06 Constructing ‘race/ethnicity’ and nationality in Spanish media: a content analysis of international football coverage Carmen Longas Luque, Jacco van Sterkenburg
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-07 A thematic exploration of three countries’ government communication during the COVID-19 crisis and corresponding media coverage Linda Jean Kenix &Jorge Freddy Bolanos Lopez Communication Research and Practice
2022-04-07 Right-Wing, Populist, Controlled by Foreign Powers? Topic Diversification and Partisanship in the Content Structures of German-Language Alternative Media Philipp Müller &Rainer Freudenthaler Digital Journalism
2022-04-07 Excluding and Including: News Tailoring Strategies in an Era of News Overload Zhieh Lor,Hae Jung Oh &Jihyang Choi Digital Journalism
2022-04-07 Comparing Frame Repertoires of Mainstream and Right-Wing Alternative Media Tilman Klawier, Fabian Prochazka &Wolfgang Schweiger Digital Journalism
2022-04-07 How News Organizations Sell Native Advertising: Discourses of Integration and Separation on In-House Content Studio Web Sites Matt Carlson &Andrew Locke Journalism Studies
2022-04-07 When “Development” Became News: How JFK’s Alliance for Progress Reshaped Journalistic Narratives of Progress in Venezuela Jairo Lugo-Ocando Journalism Studies
2022-04-07 When News Use Feels Wrong: Four Reactions to Misalignments Between Feeling Rules and Feeling Responses Josephine Lehaff Journalism Studies
2022-04-07 Finding Better Ways for Newsrooms to Counter COVID Misinformation in the United States Tricia Fulks Kelley Journal of Media Ethics
2022-04-08 Images of Transgressions: Visuals as Reconstructed Evidence in Digital Investigative Journalism Fredrik Bjerknes Journalism Studies
2022-04-08 Social media, misinformation, and cultivation of informational mistrust: Cultivating Covid-19 mistrust Yong Jin Park, Jae Eun Chung, Jeong Nam Kim
2022-04-09 Cross-cultural engagement through translated news: A reception analysis Claire Scammell, Esperança Bielsa
2022-04-09 Risk Propensity, News Frames and Immigration Attitudes Anita Gottlob, Hajo Boomgaarden International Journal of Communication
2022-04-09 Concentration of Media Ownership in Indonesia: A Setback for Viewpoint Diversity Masduki, Leen d’Haenens International Journal of Communication
2022-04-09 Live and Kicking: Digital Live Broadcasting Technologies, Participating Strangers and News Mobility Jonathan Ilan International Journal of Communication
2022-04-10 Constructing Victimization Grand-Narrative in the Ukrainian Foreign-Language Press (1901–1926) Serhiy Blavatskyy Media History
2022-04-10 Magic 10 and NBA Bubble Sports Journalists’ Practices During NBA Season 2019–2020 Andy Sturt &Muhammad Fahad Humayun Journalism Practice
2022-04-11 Transnationalising reactionary conservative activism: A multimodal critical discourse analysis of far-right narratives online Xinyi Zhang &Mark Davis Communication Research and Practice
2022-04-11 Good news is good news for new economic powers Jianhong Zhang, Chaohong Zhou, Haico Ebbers
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-11 How do social media affect people’s compassion and civic action? The case of the Sewol Ferry disaster in Korea Jeehyun Kim, Yong-Chan Kim, Ahra Cho, Euikyung Shin &Yeji Kwon Asian Journal of Communication
2022-04-11 Performing Representational Labor: Blackness, Indigeneity, and Legibility in Global Latinx Media Cultures Jillian M. Báez Feminist Media Studies
2022-04-11 Confronting COVID-19: constructing and contesting legitimacy through the media in Chinese contexts Jingrong Tong Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-04-11 Functioning, failing, and fixing: logistical media and legitimacy in Macao during the pandemic Gehao Zhang Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-04-12 Egyptian Women Journalists’ Feminist Voices in a Shifting Digitalized Journalistic Field Sahar Khamis &Rasha El-Ibiary Digital Journalism
2022-04-13 Trust and Fear in the Newsroom: How Emotions Drive the Exchange of Innovative Ideas Ornella Porcu, Liesbeth Hermans &Marcel Broersma Journalism Studies
2022-04-13 Technology Innovation and Digital Journalism Practice by Indigenous African-language Newspapers: The Case of uMthunywa in Zimbabwe Thulani Tshabangu &Abiodun Salawu African Journalism Studies
2022-04-13 News, Threats, and Trust: How COVID-19 News Shaped Political Trust, and How Threat Perceptions Conditioned This Relationship Ernesto de León, Mykola Makhortykh, Teresa Gil-Lopez, Aleksandra Urman, Silke Adam
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-04-13 Selective appropriation in the BBC news translated into Ukrainian and Russian Angela Kamyanets
2022-04-13 Digitalizing the Journalistic Field: Journalists’ Views on Changes in Journalistic Autonomy, Capital and Habitus Terje Lindblom, Johan Lindell &Katarina Gidlund Digital Journalism
2022-04-13 Emotion Mobilisation through the Imagery of People in Finnish-Language Right-Wing Alternative Media Salla Tuomola &Karin Wahl-Jorgensen Digital Journalism
2022-04-13 The Practice of Data-Driven Journalism in Brazil: Between Disruption and the Reinstatement of Professional Values Fábio Henrique Pereira &Bruna Mastrella Digital Journalism
2022-04-14 “The darkest time in our history”: An analysis of news media constructions of liquor theft in Canada’s settler colonial context Steven Kohm, Katharina Maier
Crime, Media, Culture: An International Journal
2022-04-14 Is all Russian news the same? Framing in Russian news media generated by the Yandex news algorithm for the United States, Estonia, and Russia Heidi Erbsen, Siim Põldre
2022-04-14 CrossRef citations to date
Research Article
Google News and Machine Gatekeepers: Algorithmic Personalisation and News Diversity in Online News Search
Ryan Evans, Daniel Jackson &Jaron Murphy Digital Journalism
2022-04-14 ‘The bullets brought the curtain down on that lowlife’: discursive representation and legitimation of capital punishment in the press Krisda Chaemsaithong Critical Discourse Studies
2022-04-14 An Examination of Affiliate and Network Television Channels’ Facebook Use for Addressing Audiences’ Critical Information Needs Monica Chadha, K. Hazel Kwon, Jiun-Yi Tsai
Electronic News
2022-04-15 In feminism we trust! On how feminist standpoint epistemologies shape journalism practices in two argentine digital newsrooms Ayleen Cabas-Mijares
2022-04-16 Embedded authoritarianism: the politics of poor press freedom in Indian Kashmir Tawseef Majeed
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-16 Boundaries in Motion? Finnish Political Journalists’ External and Internal Boundary Work in a Time of Change Jari Väliverronen Journalism Studies
2022-04-17 Operationalising Hybrid Newsroom Ethnography: Observing Amidst a Pandemic Jonathan Hendrickx &Ike Picone Journalism Practice
2022-04-17 Disconnecting from digital news: News avoidance and the ignored role of social class Johan Lindell, Else Mikkelsen Båge
2022-04-18 Partnering with Smart TV Platforms: The Content Providers’ Dilemma Sebastian Goetzenberger, Grant Mooney &Bernd Riefler International Journal on Media Management
2022-04-18 “He’s a Mr. Mom”: Cultural Ambivalence in Print News Depictions of Stay-at-Home Fathers, 1987–2016 Arielle Kuperberg, Pamela Stone, Torie Lucas
Gender & Society
2022-04-18 Distilling the value of public service media: Towards a tenable conceptualisation in the European framework Azahara Cañedo, Marta Rodríguez-Castro, Ana María López-Cepeda
European Journal of Communication
2022-04-18 Editors’ introduction: the twentieth anniversary issue of Feminist Media Studies Francesca Sobande, Sherri Williams & Sophie Bishop Feminist Media Studies
2022-04-18 Distilling the value of public service media: Towards a tenable conceptualisation in the European framework Azahara Cañedo, Marta Rodríguez-Castro, Ana María López-Cepeda
European Journal of Communication
2022-04-18 Mediating a regime in crisis: corruption and succession in Zimbabwe’s state media Mandlenkosi Mpofu, Lungile Augustine Tshuma, Mbongeni Jonny Msimanga
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-19 Moving Barriers to Investigative Journalism in Latin America in Times of Instability and Professional Innovation Vanessa de Macedo Higgins Joyce, Lourdes Cueva Chacón & Rosental Calmon Alves Journalism Practice
2022-04-20 Mediated forensics and militant evidence: rethinking the camera as weapon Patrick Brian Smith, Ryan Watson
Media, Culture & Society
2022-04-20 Communities of practice in the production and resourcing of fact-checking Stephanie Brookes, Lisa Waller Journalism
2022-04-20 A Russian-American News Cross-Coverage. A Hidden Threat to the Democratic Way of Life Alexander G. Nikolaev Southern Communication Journal
2022-04-20 The Making of a Media Category: The English-language press in fin-de-siècle Paris Colette Colligan Media History
2022-04-20 Rethinking civic education in the digital era: How media, school, and youth negotiate the meaning of citizenship Weiyu Zhang, Zhuo Chen, Jia Ying Neoh, Yeow-Tong Chia
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-21 The effects of partisan framing on COVID-19 attitudes: Experimental evidence from early and late pandemic Amber Wichowsky, Meghan Condon
Research & Politics
2022-04-21 Visibility and invisibility in the aged care sector: Visual representation in Australian news from 2018–2021 TJ Thomson, Evonne Miller, Sarah Holland-Batt, Jen Seevinck, Sam Regi
Media International Australia
2022-04-22 Science Training for Political Reporters: Understanding Impact with a Mixed Methods Approach Hollie Smith, David M. Markowitz & Christine Gilbert Journalism Practice
2022-04-22 Framing the Colombian Peace Process: Between Peace and War Journalism Víctor García-Perdomo, Summer Harlow & Danielle K. Brown Journalism Practice
2022-04-22 The “Price You Pay” and the “Badge of Honor”: Journalists, Gender, and Harassment Kaitlin C. Miller
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-04-23 Medium and source convergence in crisis information acquisition: Patterns, antecedents, and outcomes Xinyan Zhao, Sifan Xu, Lucinda L. Austin
New Media & Society
2022-04-23 The ‘connected migrant’: A scoping review Claire Moran
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2022-04-24 Media coverage and Its Determinants in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic SLAVOMÍR GÁLIK AND SABÍNA GÁLIKOVÁ TOLNAIOVÁ Communication Today
2022-04-24 Motivations for News Exposure in Different Media Systems: AComparative Study of Germany, Spain and the United Kingdom JORDI RODRÍGUEZ-VIRGILI, AURKEN SIERRA AND JAVIER SERRANO-PUCHE Communication Today
2022-04-24 Media Use and Perceived Pollution: Does a Reinforcing Spiral Exist in China? Yimin Mao International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 (Un)Veiling Our Biases: Activating Religious, Emotional, and Contextual Cues in News Media Representations of Syrian Refugees Laura P. B. Partain, Andrew J. Weaver International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Different Effects on Different Immigrant Groups: Testing the Media’s Role in Triggering Perceptions of Economic, Cultural, and Security Threats From Immigration Nora Theorin International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Twitter and Endorsed (Fake) News: The Influence of Endorsement by Strong Ties, Celebrities, and a User Majority on Credibility of Fake News During the COVID-19 Pandemic Inyoung Shin, Luxuan Wang, Yi-Ta Lu International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Values and Media Literacy: Exploring the Relationship Between the Values People Prioritize in Their Life and Their Attitudes Toward Media Literacy Simon Chambers, Tanya Notley, Michael Dezuanni, Sora Park International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Political Identity and the Therapeutic Work of U.S. Conservative Media Anthony Nadler International Journal of Communication
2022-04-24 Measuring the diffusion of conspiracy theories in digital information ecologies Annett Heft, Kilian Buehling
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2022-04-24 Media Use and National Image: How Americans and Chinese Perceive the U.S.–China Trade War Lars Willnat, Shuo Tang, Jian Shi, Ning Zhan
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-24 “We’re Human Too”: Media Coverage of Simone Biles’s Mental Health Disclosure during the 2020 Tokyo Olympics Kevin G. Thompson, Gilbert Carter, Edwin S. Lee, Talal Alshamrani, Andrew C. Billings
Electronic News
2022-04-24 Social representations, media, and iconography: A semiodiscursive analysis of Facebook posts related to the COVID-19 pandemic Golda Cohen, Mathieu Bessin, Sandrine Gaymard
European Journal of Communication
2022-04-25 Gun violence as a public health issue: Media advocacy, framing and implications for communication Brooke W. McKeever, Minhee Choi, Denetra Walker, Robert McKeever Newspaper Research Journal
2022-04-25 Black Lives Matter to media (finally): A content analysis of news coverage during summer 2020 Jennifer Brannock Cox Newspaper Research Journal
2022-04-25 In Platforms We Trust?Unlocking the Black-Box of News Algorithms through Interpretable AI Donghee Shin, Bouziane Zaid, Frank Biocca & Azmat Rasul
Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-04-25 Media and “Abhorrent” Profession: Portrayal of Sex Workers in a Patriarchal Nigerian Society Nathan Oguche Emmanuel, Hashim Muhammad Suleiman & Celestine Verlumun Gever Journalism Practice
2022-04-26 Practical, Not Radical: Examining Innovative Learning Culture in a Public Service Media Organization Minna Koivula, Salla-Maaria Laaksonen & Mikko Villi Journalism Studies
2022-04-26 Significant social movement as a critical event: The impact of journalists’ mutual attention on the differentiation between traditional and alternative media in the field Macau K. F. Mak
2022-04-26 Chinese Electronic Media: Social Evolution and Social Change in the Digital Information Age Shuhua Zhou, Carolyn A. Lin & Xingang Chen Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-04-26 State and Market: A Historical Review and Theoretical Remapping of the Broadcast Media Transformation in China Xiaohong Wang, Xingang Chen & Lingbo Tu Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-04-27 Cloaked science: the Yan reports Jennifer Nilsen, Joan Donovan & Rob Faris Information, Communication & Society
2022-04-27 Information technology & media sociology in a (still) pandemic world Jenny L. Davis, Dustin Kidd, Muyang Li, Rachel Aalders & Tyler Burgese Information, Communication & Society
2022-04-27 Globalisation, media trust, and populism: A comparative study of the US and Germany Pu Yan, Ralph Schroeder
International Communication Gazette
2022-04-28 Anything Goes? Youth, News, and Democratic Engagement in the Roaring 2020s Jakob Ohme, Kim Andersen, Erik Albæk, Claes H. de Vreese
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-04-29 Moral solidarity as a news value: Rendering marginalized communities and enduring social injustice newsworthy Anita Varma
2022-04-29 Where or Nowhere? Tracking Elusive Journalistic Guidelines for Ethical Use of Location Data Brett Oppegaard & Amy Schmitz Weiss Digital Journalism
2022-04-29 Alternative Media & Mainstream Politics: The Case of Mediated Political Fusion Joshua D. Atkinson, Blessy McWan, Jewel White & Rafsanul Hoque Digital Journalism
2022-04-29 A Human-Centered Design Approach to Creating Tools to Help Journalists Monitor Digital Political Ads: Insights and Challenges Brian McKernan, Jennifer Stromer-Galley, Ania Korsunska, Sarah E. Bolden, Patrícia Rossini & Jeff Hemsley Digital Journalism
2022-04-30 The Journalism in Climate Change Websites: Their Distinct Forms of Specialism, Content, and Role Perceptions James Painter, Jarkko Kangas, Risto Kunelius & Adrienne Russell Journalism Practice
2022-04-30 Manufacturing Digitalized Soft Propaganda: Practices of the Chinese Party Newspapers in the Past Decade Kaibin Xu &Yuying He Journalism Practice

Continue Reading


Mastering the Art of Public Speaking: Overcoming Fear and Becoming a Confident Speaker

Alice Trout



Public speaking is a valuable skill that can open doors to personal and professional success. However, for many, the thought of speaking in front of an audience can be anxiety-inducing. The good news is that with practice and the right techniques, anyone can become a confident and effective public speaker. In this guide, we will explore how to overcome the fear of public speaking and develop the skills needed to master this art.

Understanding the Fear of Public Speaking

Public speaking anxiety, often called glossophobia, is a common fear. It can manifest as nervousness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, or even full-blown panic attacks. Understanding the root causes of this fear is the first step toward overcoming it:

1. Fear of Judgment: Many people worry about how they will be perceived by their audience, fearing judgment or criticism.

2. Lack of Confidence: A lack of confidence in one’s speaking abilities can contribute to anxiety.

3. Perfectionism: Setting unrealistically high standards for oneself can lead to performance anxiety.

4. Past Negative Experiences: A negative past speaking experience can create a fear of repeating that failure.

5. Uncertainty: Not knowing the audience or feeling unprepared can intensify anxiety.

Developing Confidence in Public Speaking

1. Prepare Thoroughly

The more you know your topic, the more confident you’ll feel. Research your subject thoroughly, organize your thoughts, and create a well-structured outline or presentation.

2. Practice, Practice, Practice

Practice your speech multiple times. Rehearse in front of a mirror, record yourself, or present to a trusted friend or family member for feedback.

3. Visualize Success

Mental rehearsal can be a powerful tool. Visualize yourself confidently delivering your speech, receiving positive feedback, and feeling a sense of accomplishment.

4. Control Your Breathing

Deep, slow breaths can calm your nerves. Practice deep breathing exercises before and during your speech to help manage anxiety.

5. Start Small

Build your confidence gradually by speaking in front of smaller, more supportive groups before tackling larger audiences.

6. Focus on Your Message, Not Yourself

Shift your focus from self-doubt to your message and the value you are providing to your audience. Concentrate on how your message can benefit them.

7. Engage with Your Audience

Interact with your audience by making eye contact, asking questions, and encouraging participation. This creates a more engaging and less intimidating atmosphere.

8. Use Visual Aids Wisely

Visual aids, such as slides or props, can enhance your presentation. However, use them sparingly and ensure they complement your message rather than distract from it.

9. Embrace Imperfections

Accept that nobody is perfect, and even experienced speakers make mistakes. Embrace any slip-ups with humor or grace, and keep going.

10. Seek Professional Training

Consider enrolling in a public speaking course or working with a speaking coach to improve your skills and confidence.

Managing Nervousness

Even with preparation and practice, nervousness before speaking is natural. Here are some strategies to manage it:

1. Arrive Early: Arriving early allows you to familiarize yourself with the venue and test any equipment.

2. Use Relaxation Techniques: Deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or meditation can help calm your nerves.

3. Stay Hydrated: Drink water to prevent a dry mouth, which is a common physical manifestation of anxiety.

4. Avoid Caffeine: Limit caffeine intake on the day of your speech, as it can exacerbate nervousness.

5. Focus on Your Message: Keep your attention on the content and value of your speech, rather than your anxiety.

6. Use Positive Self-Talk: Replace negative thoughts with positive affirmations to boost your confidence.

Continued Improvement

Becoming a confident public speaker is an ongoing process. Here are some tips for continued improvement:

1. Record Your Speeches: Recording your speeches allows you to review your performance and identify areas for improvement.

2. Seek Feedback: Encourage constructive feedback from peers or mentors to refine your speaking skills.

3. Set Speaking Goals: Continuously challenge yourself by setting goals for speaking engagements or skill development.

4. Join a Toastmasters Club: Toastmasters International is a renowned organization that helps individuals improve their public speaking skills through practice and feedback.

In Conclusion

Public speaking is a skill that can be mastered with time and effort. By understanding the root causes of your fear, preparing thoroughly, practicing regularly, and implementing confidence-boosting techniques, you can become a confident and effective public speaker. Remember that it’s normal to feel nervous, but with the right strategies and mindset, you can turn that nervous energy into a powerful tool for engaging and inspiring your audience.

Continue Reading


The Power of Affirmations: Using Positive Affirmations to Boost Self-Esteem

Alice Trout




Self-esteem plays a vital role in our overall well-being and success in life. It influences how we perceive ourselves, how we handle challenges, and the quality of our relationships. Low self-esteem can lead to self-doubt, anxiety, and missed opportunities, while high self-esteem can empower us to pursue our dreams with confidence. One effective tool for improving self-esteem is the use of positive affirmations. In this article, we will explore the power of affirmations and how they can be employed to boost self-esteem.

Understanding Self-Esteem

Before delving into the world of affirmations, it’s essential to understand what self-esteem is. Self-esteem is the subjective evaluation of one’s worth, which can either be positive (high self-esteem) or negative (low self-esteem). High self-esteem is associated with self-confidence, resilience, and a positive outlook on life. On the other hand, low self-esteem can lead to self-criticism, fear of failure, and a lack of self-belief.

What Are Affirmations?

Affirmations are positive statements that are consciously repeated to instill specific beliefs or thoughts into the mind. They are designed to challenge and overcome negative self-talk and replace it with more constructive, empowering beliefs. Affirmations can be used for various purposes, but in the context of self-esteem, they are tailored to boost self-worth and confidence.

The Science Behind Affirmations

The effectiveness of affirmations is rooted in psychological principles. When we repeat positive affirmations, we engage in a process known as self-affirmation theory. This theory suggests that individuals are motivated to protect their self-concept and self-integrity. Affirmations allow us to reinforce positive aspects of our identity, making it easier to dismiss negative thoughts and self-doubt.

Research also shows that affirmations can have a significant impact on our brain. Repeating affirmations can lead to increased activity in areas of the brain associated with self-processing and self-worth. This means that affirmations can literally change the way we think about ourselves.

How to Create Effective Affirmations

Not all affirmations are equally effective. To harness the power of affirmations for boosting self-esteem, consider the following tips when creating your own:

  1. Be Positive and Present: Affirmations should be stated in the present tense and be positive. For example, say, “I am confident and capable,” rather than, “I will be confident and capable.”
  2. Make Them Specific: Address the specific areas of self-esteem that you want to improve. If you struggle with self-worth, use affirmations like, “I am worthy of love and respect.”
  3. Use the First Person: Phrase affirmations in the first person to personalize them. Say, “I am” or “I have” instead of “You are” or “You have.”
  4. Keep Them Realistic: While affirmations are meant to be positive, they should also be grounded in reality. Avoid affirmations that are too far from your current beliefs, as they may feel disingenuous.
  5. Repeat Regularly: Consistency is key. Repeating affirmations daily, preferably in the morning and evening, can reinforce the positive beliefs you’re trying to instill.

Incorporating Affirmations into Your Daily Routine

Now that you know how to create effective affirmations, it’s crucial to incorporate them into your daily routine. Here are some strategies for doing so:

  1. Morning Ritual: Start your day with a set of affirmations that boost your self-esteem. This can set a positive tone for the day ahead.
  2. Visual Aids: Write down your affirmations on sticky notes or create a vision board with images and phrases that represent your goals and positive self-beliefs.
  3. Mobile Apps: There are several mobile apps designed to help you practice affirmations daily. These apps can send reminders and track your progress.
  4. Journaling: Incorporate affirmations into your journaling practice. Reflect on your affirmations and your progress regularly.

The Transformational Impact of Affirmations

As you integrate affirmations into your daily life, you’ll likely start noticing positive changes in your self-esteem. Over time, you may experience:

  • Increased Confidence: Affirmations can bolster your self-confidence, helping you tackle challenges and take risks.
  • Reduced Self-Doubt: Negative self-talk can be replaced with affirmations, reducing self-doubt and anxiety.
  • Improved Relationships: Higher self-esteem often leads to healthier relationships, as you value and respect yourself more, which encourages others to do the same.
  • Enhanced Resilience: With a stronger sense of self-worth, you’ll become more resilient in the face of adversity.


The power of affirmations in boosting self-esteem is well-documented and accessible to anyone willing to embrace this practice. By understanding the psychology behind affirmations, crafting effective statements, and incorporating them into your daily routine, you can embark on a transformative journey towards higher self-esteem. With consistent effort and a positive mindset, you can rewrite the script of your self-concept and realize your full potential. Remember, you are worthy of love, success, and all the positive experiences life has to offer.

Continue Reading


Crafting Your Personal Mission Statement: Defining Your Life’s Purpose and Goals

Alice Trout



A personal mission statement is a powerful tool for clarifying your life’s purpose, values, and long-term goals. It serves as a guiding compass that helps you make decisions, set priorities, and stay focused on what truly matters to you. In this guide, we will explore the importance of creating a personal mission statement and provide practical steps to craft one that reflects your aspirations and values.

Why Create a Personal Mission Statement?

A personal mission statement is like a roadmap for your life. Here’s why it’s worth investing time and effort into crafting one:

1. Clarity and Focus

A mission statement helps you define your purpose and what you want to achieve in life. It provides clarity and direction, allowing you to make decisions that align with your values and goals.

2. Goal Setting

It serves as a foundation for setting meaningful, achievable goals. Your mission statement can guide you in setting both short-term and long-term objectives that are in line with your life’s purpose.

3. Motivation

A well-crafted mission statement can serve as a source of motivation and inspiration during challenging times. It reminds you of your core values and why you’re pursuing your goals.

4. Alignment with Values

It helps you live a life that is in alignment with your values. Your mission statement acts as a filter, helping you prioritize activities, relationships, and opportunities that resonate with your beliefs.

5. Resilience

In times of adversity, your personal mission statement can provide resilience and determination. It reminds you of the bigger picture and encourages perseverance.

Steps to Craft Your Personal Mission Statement

Creating a personal mission statement is a reflective process that requires introspection and thoughtful consideration. Follow these steps to craft your own:

1. Self-Reflection

Take time to reflect on your life, values, and beliefs. Consider the following questions:

  • What are my core values?
  • What activities bring me the most joy and fulfillment?
  • What do I want to achieve in my lifetime?
  • What impact do I want to have on the world or my community?
  • What legacy do I want to leave behind?

2. Define Your Purpose

Based on your reflections, write a concise statement that defines your life’s purpose. This should be a single sentence that captures the essence of what you want to achieve or contribute to the world.

3. Identify Your Values

List your core values. These are the principles and beliefs that guide your decisions and actions. Examples of values include integrity, compassion, creativity, and perseverance.

4. Set Goals

Identify specific, measurable goals that align with your purpose and values. These goals should reflect both short-term and long-term aspirations. Consider goals related to your career, personal development, relationships, and contributions to society.

5. Draft Your Mission Statement

Now, combine your purpose, values, and goals into a concise mission statement. Your mission statement should be clear, inspiring, and true to who you are. Here’s a basic structure to follow:

“I am [your name], and my mission is to [your purpose], guided by my core values of [list your values]. I will achieve this by [briefly describe how you will work toward your goals]. My mission is to [desired impact or legacy].”

6. Refine and Revise

Crafting a mission statement is an iterative process. Write a draft, reflect on it, and revise as needed. Seek feedback from trusted friends or mentors who know you well to ensure your statement accurately reflects your aspirations.

7. Live Your Mission

Once you have a final mission statement, use it as a daily guide. Make choices and set priorities that align with your mission. Periodically revisit your statement to ensure it remains relevant as your life evolves.

Examples of Personal Mission Statements

Here are a few examples of personal mission statements for inspiration:

  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to inspire others through creativity and innovation, guided by my core values of integrity, collaboration, and perseverance. I will achieve this by continuously learning, sharing my knowledge, and creating meaningful art that impacts people’s lives positively. My mission is to leave a legacy of creativity that sparks inspiration in others.”
  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to promote health and well-being in my community, guided by my core values of compassion, empathy, and service. I will achieve this by pursuing a career in healthcare, volunteering at local organizations, and educating others about healthy living. My mission is to make a positive impact on the health and happiness of those around me.”
  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to foster a world where every child has access to quality education, guided by my core values of equality, education, and empowerment. I will achieve this by working in the field of education, volunteering with organizations that support children’s education, and advocating for policy changes that improve access to education. My mission is to leave a legacy of knowledge and empowerment.”

In Conclusion

Crafting a personal mission statement is a transformative process that can bring clarity, purpose, and fulfillment to your life. It serves as a roadmap for your journey, guiding your decisions and actions in alignment with your values and goals. Take the time to reflect on what truly matters to you, define your purpose, and create a mission statement that inspires you to live a meaningful and purpose-driven life.

Continue Reading