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Research of June 2022

Patricia Cruz



Here is a list of all academic peer-reviewed articles, reports and other papers published in June 2022 about journalism research. The bolded titles have JRN articles written about the studies.


Published Title Author(s) Journal / publisher
2022-06-01 How organizational leadership and boundary spanners drive the transformation process of a local news media organization Lotte Keij, Hans van Kranenburg Journalism
2022-06-01 What on earth was I thinking? John Owen
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 How the wealthy muzzle the press Caroline Kean British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 The right to say what we think Julian Petley
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 …and politicians Julia Langdon
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 A good day for press freedom Chris Mullin
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 How to Interview Celebrities.… William Russell
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 analyses the cost to journalism Scott Griffen
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 says it is time to take sides Matt Frei
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 Editorial guidelines Don Berry
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 asks what we can know of Russia Wendy Sloane
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 X marks the spot David Higgerson
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 A thirst for knowledge Richard Addis
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 Read the whole story Richard Burton
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 The fog of war Editorial
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 Why don’t we write English? Kevin Duffy
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 Permission to lie Ivor Gaber
British Journalism Review
2022-06-01 How organizational leadership and boundary spanners drive the transformation process of a local news media organization Lotte Keij, Hans van Kranenburg
2022-06-01 Check the Report and Comments: The Veracity Assessment of Unfamiliar News on Social Media Huai-Kuan Zeng, Tai-Yee Wu & David J. Atkin Digital Journalism
2022-06-01 Radio edutainment and participatory communication for social change: A case of lived reality among a rural Malawian audience Mtisunge Isabel Kamlongera Journal of African Media Studies
2022-06-01 Deadly serious: Pandemic humour, media and critical perspectives Victoria Bernal Journal of African Media Studies
2022-06-01 Check the Report and Comments: The Veracity Assessment of Unfamiliar News on Social Media Huai-Kuan Zeng,Tai-Yee Wu & David J. Atkin Digital Journalism
2022-06-02 What is a podcast? Considering innovations in podcasting through the six-tensions framework Jemily Rime, Chris Pike PhD, Tom Collins PhD
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2022-06-02 Why the media gets it wrong when it comes to North Korea: Cases of ‘dead’ North Koreans in the Kim Jong-un era Soomin Seo
2022-06-02 “The future of media studies is game studies” Shira Chess &Mia Consalvo Critical Studies in Media Communication
2022-06-02 How News Websites Refer to Twitter: A Content Analysis of Twitter Sources in Journalism Sanja Kapidzic, Christoph Neuberger, Felix Frey, Stefan Stieglitz & Milad Mirbabaie Journalism Studies
2022-06-02 How News Audiences Allocate Trust in the Digital Age: A Figuration Perspective Frank Mangold, Marko Bachl, Fabian Prochazka
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-06-02 A comparative analysis of the U.S. and China’s mainstream news media framing of coping strategies and emotions in the reporting of COVID-19 outbreak on social media Cindy Sing Bik Ngai, Le Yao, Rita Gill Singh
Discourse & Communication
2022-06-03 Recognize the bias? News media partisanship shapes the coverage of facial recognition technology in the United States Sonia Jawaid Shaikh, Rachel E. Moran
New Media & Society
2022-06-03 Agents of meta: Institutional actors in the journalism space and the innovation of local news Wilson Lowrey, Danielle Deavours, William Singleton
2022-06-03 The impact of the platformization of Arab news websites on quality journalism Bouziane Zaid, Mohammed Ibahrine, Jana Fedtke Global Media and Communication
2022-06-03 Shaping the migrant: Semantic strategies to portray inward and outward migrants as social actors in the Arab press Marco Ammar, Pamela Murgia
Discourse & Communication
2022-06-04 Climate Change Journalism in Norway—Working with Frequency Around the “Green Shift” Andreas Ytterstad & Henrik Bødker Journalism Studies
2022-06-06 Maintaining a Freelance Career: How Journalists Generate and Evaluate Freelance Work Maria Norbäck Journalism Studies
2022-06-06 Telling stories from the New Silk Road: A news discourse analysis of BBC’s podcast episodes on the Belt and Road Initiative Laksup Apirakvanalee, Yida Zhai
2022-06-06 Editor’s note, spring 2022 Editorial
Newspaper Research Journal
2022-06-06 Information Literacy in the Age of Disinformation Daniela Dimitrova
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-06-06 Local News in Colorado: Comparing Journalism Quality Across Four Counties Kareem El Damanhoury, David Coppini, Brittany Johnson & Geneva Rodriguez Journalism Practice
2022-06-06 Paradigm Shift in Mid-Twentieth Century Brazilian Journalism: A Negative Dialectics of Decoloniality? Otávio Daros & Francisco Rüdiger Journalism Studies
2022-06-06 Morphology of Journalism Culture in the Context of Local Culture Sri Syamsiyah Lestari Sjafiie, Pawito Pawito, Widodo Muktiyo & Sri Hastjarjo Journalism Studies
2022-06-06 Journalistic Values and Expertise in Platform News Distribution: The Possibilities and Limitations of Participatory Panels for Algorithmic Governance Connie Moon Sehat Journalism Studies
2022-06-06 In an Open Relationship: Platformization of Relations Between News Practitioners and Their Audiences Shira Dvir-Gvirsman & Keren Tsuriel Journalism Studies
2022-06-06 My Voters Should See This! What News Items Are Shared by Politicians on Facebook? Tobias Heidenreich, Jakob-Moritz Eberl, Petro Tolochko, Fabienne Lind, Hajo G. Boomgaarden
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-06-07 Careful consumption and aspirational ethics in the media and cultural industries: Cancelling, quitting, screening, optimising Maura Edmond
Media, Culture & Society
2022-06-07 Travel blogging, professionalism, and the changing boundaries of knowledge production Ivy Ashe
Media, Culture & Society
2022-06-07 Trust-oriented affordances: A five-country study of news trustworthiness and its socio-technical articulations Tali Aharoni, Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt, Neta Kligler-Vilenchik, Pablo Boczkowski, Kaori Hayashi
Kaori Hayashi, Eugenia Mitchelstein, Mikko Villi

New Media & Society
2022-06-07 “I have always said that I am not a feminist, but…”: moderate feminism in the narratives of Finnish women journalists who entered the field between 1960 and 1990 Heidi Kurvinen Feminist Media Studies
2022-06-07 Metrics of News Audience Polarization: Same or Different? Frank Mangold & Michael Scharkow Communication Methods and Measures
2022-06-08 Newsroom Disruptions and Opportunities in Times of Crisis: Analysing Southern African Media During the COVID-19 Crisis Albert Chibuwe, Allen Munoriyarwa, Gilbert Motsaathebe, Sarah Chiumbu & William Lesitaokana African Journalism Studies
2022-06-08 Populist media diets Eline A. de Rooij, Dominik A. Stecuła, Mark A. Pickup Social Science Quarterly
2022-06-08 The case of Mesut Özil: A symbol of (non-) integration? An analysis of German print media discourses on integration Martina Möllering, Eva Schmidt
Discourse & Communication
2022-06-08 Manipulative use of political headlines in western and Russian online sources Alexey A Tymbay
Discourse & Communication
2022-06-08 Who Covers the Qualifications of Female Candidates? Examining Gender Bias in News Coverage Across National and Local Newspapers Nichole M. Bauer
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-06-08 Don’t Throw the Frame Out With the Bathwater: How Episodic News Frames Can Prevent Identity-Motivated Reasoning Ming M. Boyer, Sophie Lecheler, Loes Aaldering
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-06-08 An “Assumption of Bad Faith”: Using Fake News Rhetoric to Create Journalistic Teaching Moments Kelsey R. Mesmer Journalism Practice
2022-06-08 ‘No difference between journalism and suicide’: Challenges for journalists covering conflict in Balochistan Sidra Agha, Márton Demeter
Media, War & Conflict
2022-06-08 Who Covers the Qualifications of Female Candidates? Examining Gender Bias in News Coverage Across National and Local Newspapers Nichole M. Bauer
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-06-08 Don’t Throw the Frame Out With the Bathwater: How Episodic News Frames Can Prevent Identity-Motivated Reasoning Ming M. Boyer, Sophie Lecheler, Loes Aaldering
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-06-09 Neither Absent nor Ambient: Incidental News Exposure From the Perspective of News Avoiders in the UK, United States, and Spain Ruth Palmer, Benjamin Toff
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-06-09 Television Production of Yesteryears, Today and in the Future: Impact of Reduced Collaboration in TV News Production on Job Satisfaction in Nigeria Felix Olajide Talabi, Tokunbo Alex Adaja, Samson Adepoju Bello, Omowale Adelabu, Oberiri Destiny Apuke, Gever Verlumun Celestine
Television & New Media
2022-06-10 Agenda Dynamics on Social Media During COVID-19 Pandemic: Interactions Between Public, Media, and Government Agendas Shuhuan Zhou &Xia Zheng Communication Studies
2022-06-10 The dark side of the media agency industry: value destruction and co-destruction in a B2B context Melanie Herfort, Reinhard Kunz & Petra Düren Journal of Media Business Studies
2022-06-11 Affective intensities of polarization: the making of the Islamist/secularist divide through articulations of news media in Turkey Haktan Ural Critical Discourse Studies
2022-06-11 Social media live streaming as affective news in the anti-ELAB movement in Hong Kong Kecheng Fang & Calvin Yixiang Cheng Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-06-11 Does social media keep me alarmed? The effects of expectations surrounding social media attributes and exposure to messages of social (in)stability on substitutive social media news use Youjia Huang & Mark Boukes Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-06-11 Fake thumbs in play: A large-scale exploration of false amplification and false diminution in online news comment spaces K Hazel Kwon, Mi Hyun Lee, Sang Pil Han, Sungho Park
New Media & Society
2022-06-11 An ideological square analysis of the podcast discourse in “Chinese Dreams” of the BBC World Service Laksup Apirakvanalee &Yida Zhai Critical Discourse Studies
2022-06-12 Just a Joke? Adolescents’ Preferences for Humor in Media Entertainment and Real-Life Aggression Amber van der Wal, J. Loes Pouwels, Jessica Taylor Piotrowski &Patti M. Valkenburg Media Psychology
2022-06-12 Media Freedom in a Populist Regime: Evidence From Pakistan Shabir Hussain, Qamar Abbas, Mohammad Anas Sheikh International Journal of Communication
2022-06-12 Users’ Political Motivations in Comment Sections on News Sites Patrick Zerrer, Ines Engelmann International Journal of Communication
2022-06-12 Between the Liminal and the Normal: How the News Constructed the Social Change of Face Covering During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States Xi Cui, Feifei Chen International Journal of Communication
2022-06-12 A Multilevel Model of Mobile Media Use and Public Support for Press Freedom in Africa Jason A. Martin International Journal of Communication
2022-06-12 Women Under Authoritarianism: Precarious, Glamorous Women Politicians in Hong Kong Political News and Gossip Natalie Ngai International Journal of Communication
2022-06-12 More than just an immigrant: The semantic patterns of (im)migrant/predicate-pairings in news stories about Mexican and Central American (im)migrants to the USA. A corpus-assisted discourse study Margrete Dyvik Cardona
Discourse & Communication
2022-06-12 Chinese media representations of tongzhi (2009–2019) Ke Zhang, Chao Lu, Jingyuan Zhang
Discourse & Communication
2022-06-12 Silence of the wealthy: How the wealthiest 0.1% avoid the media and resort to hidden strategies of advocacy Anu Kantola, Juho Vesa
European Journal of Communication
2022-06-13 Reading a Snippet on a News Aggregator vs. Clicking through the Full Story: Roles of Perceived News Importance, News Efficacy, and News-Finds-Me Perception Chang Sup Park Journalism Studies
2022-06-13 Emotionality in the Television Coverage of Airplane Disasters Julia Boelle & Karin Wahl-Jorgensen Journalism Practice
2022-06-13 Two International Propaganda Models: Comparing RT and CGTN’s 2020 US Election Coverage Martin Moore & Thomas Colley Journalism Practice
2022-06-13 The discourses of data journalism Mrs Liz Hannaford, MSc
2022-06-14 Trans young people and the media: transnormativity, agency, and social change Damien W. Riggs & Joanna McIntyre Journal of Children and Media
2022-06-14 Where are the missing girls? Gender inequality, job precarity, and journalism students’ career choices in China Jingyi Guo, Kecheng Fang
2022-06-14 Whistleblowing and the press: Complicating the standard account Thomas Olesen
2022-06-14 How Disinformation Reshaped the Relationship between Journalism and Media and Information Literacy (MIL): Old and New Perspectives Revisited Divina Frau-Meigs Digital Journalism
2022-06-14 Power to the People? Conceptualising Audience Agency for the Digital Journalism Era Jonathan Hendrickx Digital Journalism
2022-06-14 Materialising New Forms of Journalism: A Process Model Skye Doherty, Jane Johnston & Ben Matthews Digital Journalism
2022-06-14 The One Thing Journalistic AI Just Might Do for Democracy Bibo Lin & Seth C. Lewis Digital Journalism
2022-06-14 Robots in the News and Newsrooms: Unpacking Meta-Journalistic Discourse on the Use of Artificial Intelligence in Journalism Rachel E. Moran & Sonia Jawaid Shaikh Digital Journalism
2022-06-15 Designing Trust: Design Style, Political Ideology, and Trust in “Fake” News Websites Thomas J Billard & Rachel E. Moran Digital Journalism
2022-06-15 Media freedom in Asia: challenges from below Cherian George & Kyu Ho Youm Asian Journal of Communication
2022-06-15 Cyber-troops, digital attacks, and media freedom in Indonesia Masduki Asian Journal of Communication
2022-06-15 The trouble with ‘quiet advocacy’: local journalism and reporting climate change in rural and regional Australia Gabi Mocatta, Eve Mayes, Kristy Hess, Michael Everitt Hartup
Media, Culture & Society
2022-06-15 Testing the Effect of Cross-cutting Exposure to Cable TV News on Affective Polarization: Evidence from the 2020 U.S. Presidential Election Hyungjin Gill Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-06-16 Communication (research) and power Edson C. Tandoc Jr. Communication Research and Practice
2022-06-16 Media portrayal of hackers in China Daily and The New York Times: A corpus-based critical discourse analysis Jiamin Pei, Dandi Li, Le Cheng
Discourse & Communication
2022-06-16 An informed audience: The effects of constructive television news on emotions and knowledge Nadia Swijtink, Tineke Prins, Liesbeth Hermans, Niek Hietbrink
2022-06-16 On Commemorating Hrant Dink: Affective Nationalism, Hate Speech, and Digital News Media Users Alptug Okten
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-06-16 When a Journalistic Truth-Seeking Tradition Thrives: Examining the Rise of the Brazilian Fact-Checking Movement Thales Lelo Journalism Practice
2022-06-16 Information Competition in Disruptive Media Markets: Investigating Competition and User Selection on Google Rafael Schwab, Isabelle Krebs & Philipp Bachmann Digital Journalism
2022-06-16 Public Broadcasting and Topic Diversity in The Netherlands: Mentions of Public Broadcasters’ Programming in Newspapers as Indicators of Pluralism Joris Veerbeek, Karin van Es & Eggo Müller Javnost – The Public
2022-06-16 Partisan media exposure, polarization, and candidate evaluations in the 2016 general election David S. Morris,Jonathan S. Morris Social Science Quarterly
2022-06-17 The ambivalence of recognition: How awarded journalists assess the value of journalism prizes Daniel Nölleke, Folker Hanusch, Phoebe Maares
2022-06-17 Understanding Social Media in Journalism Practice: A Typology Muhammad Fahad Humayun &Patrick Ferrucci Digital Journalism
2022-06-17 Fiction as an ally to make journalism more believable: rape, trauma and secondary victimization in the Netflix miniseries ‘Unbelievable’ Lucía Gastón-Lorente& Beatriz Gómez-Baceiredo Feminist Media Studies
2022-06-17 Assessing the Validity of Survey Measures for News Exposure through Digital Footprints: Evidence from Spain and the UK Ana S. Cardenal, María Victoria-Mas, Silvia Majó-Vázquez & Iván Lacasa-Mas Political Communication
2022-06-19 COVID-19 Vaccination and Public Health Communication Strategies: An In-depth Look at How Demographics, Political Ideology, and News/Information Source Preference Matter Glen J. Nowak & Michael A. Cacciatore International Journal of Strategic Communication
2022-06-19 A Short Honeymoon. The Italian Press and the Coverage of the Government’s Strategic Communication on COVID-19 Marco Mazzoni, Sofia Verza, Roberto Mincigrucci, Susanna Pagiotti &Anna Stanziano International Journal of Strategic Communication
2022-06-19 How Climate Movement Actors and News Media Frame Climate Change and Strike: Evidence from Analyzing Twitter and News Media Discourse from 2018 to 2021 Kaiping Chen, Amanda L. Molder, Zening Duan, Shelley Boulianne, Christopher Eckart, Prince Mallari, Diyi Yang
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-06-19 Civic Life in Rural America Revisited: The Role of Social and Mobile News on Civic Participation Chun Shao, K. Hazel Kwon & Seungahn Nah Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2022-06-20 Decolonial Journalism: New Notes on Ubuntu and the Public Interest Colin Chasi & Ylva Rodny-Gumede Journalism Studies
2022-06-20 Reciprocal journalism’s double-edged sword: How journalists resolve cognitive dissonance after experiencing harassment from audiences on social media Danielle Deavours, PhD, Will Heath, PhD, Kaitlin Miller, PhD, Misha Viehouser, PhD, Sandra Palacios-Plugge, MFA, Ryan Broussard, PhD
2022-06-20 Death’s common sense: Casualty counts in war reportage from Syria and beyond Isaac Blacksin
Media, War & Conflict
2022-06-20 Corrigendum to The impact of the platformization of Arab news websites on quality journalism Zaid B, Ibahrine M and Fedtke J
Global Media and Communication
2022-06-20 An Agenda-Setting Test of Google News World Reporting on Foreign Nations Anna Young, David Atkin
Electronic News
2022-06-20 Hegemonic meanings of populism: Populism as a signifier in legacy dailies of six countries 2000–2018 Niko Hatakka, Juha Herkman
Media, Culture & Society
2022-06-20 Understanding democratic perceptions and political participation among the younger generation in China’s changing society: No news is good news for the Chinese government Yue Yin Social Science Quarterly
2022-06-21 Media and cultural systems: Connecting national news dynamics and the cultures of social problems through a case study of climate change in the U.S. and U.K. Timothy Neff
Media, Culture & Society
2022-06-22 Framing the Yellow Vests Protests in the French Press Nael Jebril & Mohammed El Bouzidi Journalism Practice
2022-06-22 Reporting in a Time of Crisis: Progressive Alternative Media’s Coverage of the COVID-19 Pandemic in Canada Sibo Chen Journalism Practice
2022-06-23 Darktown: Newspaper Coverage of Atlanta’s First Black Police, 1930–1960 Brian Carroll American Journalism
2022-06-23 Credibility and shareworthiness of negative news Toni G.L.A. van der Meer, Anna Brosius
2022-06-23 Not only people are getting old, the new media are too: Technology generations and the changes in new media use Eugène Loos, Loredana Ivan
New Media & Society
2022-06-23 r

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Mastering the Art of Public Speaking: Overcoming Fear and Becoming a Confident Speaker

Julio Ferguson



Public speaking is a valuable skill that can open doors to personal and professional success. However, for many, the thought of speaking in front of an audience can be anxiety-inducing. The good news is that with practice and the right techniques, anyone can become a confident and effective public speaker. In this guide, we will explore how to overcome the fear of public speaking and develop the skills needed to master this art.

Understanding the Fear of Public Speaking

Public speaking anxiety, often called glossophobia, is a common fear. It can manifest as nervousness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, or even full-blown panic attacks. Understanding the root causes of this fear is the first step toward overcoming it:

1. Fear of Judgment: Many people worry about how they will be perceived by their audience, fearing judgment or criticism.

2. Lack of Confidence: A lack of confidence in one’s speaking abilities can contribute to anxiety.

3. Perfectionism: Setting unrealistically high standards for oneself can lead to performance anxiety.

4. Past Negative Experiences: A negative past speaking experience can create a fear of repeating that failure.

5. Uncertainty: Not knowing the audience or feeling unprepared can intensify anxiety.

Developing Confidence in Public Speaking

1. Prepare Thoroughly

The more you know your topic, the more confident you’ll feel. Research your subject thoroughly, organize your thoughts, and create a well-structured outline or presentation.

2. Practice, Practice, Practice

Practice your speech multiple times. Rehearse in front of a mirror, record yourself, or present to a trusted friend or family member for feedback.

3. Visualize Success

Mental rehearsal can be a powerful tool. Visualize yourself confidently delivering your speech, receiving positive feedback, and feeling a sense of accomplishment.

4. Control Your Breathing

Deep, slow breaths can calm your nerves. Practice deep breathing exercises before and during your speech to help manage anxiety.

5. Start Small

Build your confidence gradually by speaking in front of smaller, more supportive groups before tackling larger audiences.

6. Focus on Your Message, Not Yourself

Shift your focus from self-doubt to your message and the value you are providing to your audience. Concentrate on how your message can benefit them.

7. Engage with Your Audience

Interact with your audience by making eye contact, asking questions, and encouraging participation. This creates a more engaging and less intimidating atmosphere.

8. Use Visual Aids Wisely

Visual aids, such as slides or props, can enhance your presentation. However, use them sparingly and ensure they complement your message rather than distract from it.

9. Embrace Imperfections

Accept that nobody is perfect, and even experienced speakers make mistakes. Embrace any slip-ups with humor or grace, and keep going.

10. Seek Professional Training

Consider enrolling in a public speaking course or working with a speaking coach to improve your skills and confidence.

Managing Nervousness

Even with preparation and practice, nervousness before speaking is natural. Here are some strategies to manage it:

1. Arrive Early: Arriving early allows you to familiarize yourself with the venue and test any equipment.

2. Use Relaxation Techniques: Deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or meditation can help calm your nerves.

3. Stay Hydrated: Drink water to prevent a dry mouth, which is a common physical manifestation of anxiety.

4. Avoid Caffeine: Limit caffeine intake on the day of your speech, as it can exacerbate nervousness.

5. Focus on Your Message: Keep your attention on the content and value of your speech, rather than your anxiety.

6. Use Positive Self-Talk: Replace negative thoughts with positive affirmations to boost your confidence.

Continued Improvement

Becoming a confident public speaker is an ongoing process. Here are some tips for continued improvement:

1. Record Your Speeches: Recording your speeches allows you to review your performance and identify areas for improvement.

2. Seek Feedback: Encourage constructive feedback from peers or mentors to refine your speaking skills.

3. Set Speaking Goals: Continuously challenge yourself by setting goals for speaking engagements or skill development.

4. Join a Toastmasters Club: Toastmasters International is a renowned organization that helps individuals improve their public speaking skills through practice and feedback.

In Conclusion

Public speaking is a skill that can be mastered with time and effort. By understanding the root causes of your fear, preparing thoroughly, practicing regularly, and implementing confidence-boosting techniques, you can become a confident and effective public speaker. Remember that it’s normal to feel nervous, but with the right strategies and mindset, you can turn that nervous energy into a powerful tool for engaging and inspiring your audience.

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The Power of Affirmations: Using Positive Affirmations to Boost Self-Esteem

Julio Ferguson




Self-esteem plays a vital role in our overall well-being and success in life. It influences how we perceive ourselves, how we handle challenges, and the quality of our relationships. Low self-esteem can lead to self-doubt, anxiety, and missed opportunities, while high self-esteem can empower us to pursue our dreams with confidence. One effective tool for improving self-esteem is the use of positive affirmations. In this article, we will explore the power of affirmations and how they can be employed to boost self-esteem.

Understanding Self-Esteem

Before delving into the world of affirmations, it’s essential to understand what self-esteem is. Self-esteem is the subjective evaluation of one’s worth, which can either be positive (high self-esteem) or negative (low self-esteem). High self-esteem is associated with self-confidence, resilience, and a positive outlook on life. On the other hand, low self-esteem can lead to self-criticism, fear of failure, and a lack of self-belief.

What Are Affirmations?

Affirmations are positive statements that are consciously repeated to instill specific beliefs or thoughts into the mind. They are designed to challenge and overcome negative self-talk and replace it with more constructive, empowering beliefs. Affirmations can be used for various purposes, but in the context of self-esteem, they are tailored to boost self-worth and confidence.

The Science Behind Affirmations

The effectiveness of affirmations is rooted in psychological principles. When we repeat positive affirmations, we engage in a process known as self-affirmation theory. This theory suggests that individuals are motivated to protect their self-concept and self-integrity. Affirmations allow us to reinforce positive aspects of our identity, making it easier to dismiss negative thoughts and self-doubt.

Research also shows that affirmations can have a significant impact on our brain. Repeating affirmations can lead to increased activity in areas of the brain associated with self-processing and self-worth. This means that affirmations can literally change the way we think about ourselves.

How to Create Effective Affirmations

Not all affirmations are equally effective. To harness the power of affirmations for boosting self-esteem, consider the following tips when creating your own:

  1. Be Positive and Present: Affirmations should be stated in the present tense and be positive. For example, say, “I am confident and capable,” rather than, “I will be confident and capable.”
  2. Make Them Specific: Address the specific areas of self-esteem that you want to improve. If you struggle with self-worth, use affirmations like, “I am worthy of love and respect.”
  3. Use the First Person: Phrase affirmations in the first person to personalize them. Say, “I am” or “I have” instead of “You are” or “You have.”
  4. Keep Them Realistic: While affirmations are meant to be positive, they should also be grounded in reality. Avoid affirmations that are too far from your current beliefs, as they may feel disingenuous.
  5. Repeat Regularly: Consistency is key. Repeating affirmations daily, preferably in the morning and evening, can reinforce the positive beliefs you’re trying to instill.

Incorporating Affirmations into Your Daily Routine

Now that you know how to create effective affirmations, it’s crucial to incorporate them into your daily routine. Here are some strategies for doing so:

  1. Morning Ritual: Start your day with a set of affirmations that boost your self-esteem. This can set a positive tone for the day ahead.
  2. Visual Aids: Write down your affirmations on sticky notes or create a vision board with images and phrases that represent your goals and positive self-beliefs.
  3. Mobile Apps: There are several mobile apps designed to help you practice affirmations daily. These apps can send reminders and track your progress.
  4. Journaling: Incorporate affirmations into your journaling practice. Reflect on your affirmations and your progress regularly.

The Transformational Impact of Affirmations

As you integrate affirmations into your daily life, you’ll likely start noticing positive changes in your self-esteem. Over time, you may experience:

  • Increased Confidence: Affirmations can bolster your self-confidence, helping you tackle challenges and take risks.
  • Reduced Self-Doubt: Negative self-talk can be replaced with affirmations, reducing self-doubt and anxiety.
  • Improved Relationships: Higher self-esteem often leads to healthier relationships, as you value and respect yourself more, which encourages others to do the same.
  • Enhanced Resilience: With a stronger sense of self-worth, you’ll become more resilient in the face of adversity.


The power of affirmations in boosting self-esteem is well-documented and accessible to anyone willing to embrace this practice. By understanding the psychology behind affirmations, crafting effective statements, and incorporating them into your daily routine, you can embark on a transformative journey towards higher self-esteem. With consistent effort and a positive mindset, you can rewrite the script of your self-concept and realize your full potential. Remember, you are worthy of love, success, and all the positive experiences life has to offer.

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Crafting Your Personal Mission Statement: Defining Your Life’s Purpose and Goals

Julio Ferguson



A personal mission statement is a powerful tool for clarifying your life’s purpose, values, and long-term goals. It serves as a guiding compass that helps you make decisions, set priorities, and stay focused on what truly matters to you. In this guide, we will explore the importance of creating a personal mission statement and provide practical steps to craft one that reflects your aspirations and values.

Why Create a Personal Mission Statement?

A personal mission statement is like a roadmap for your life. Here’s why it’s worth investing time and effort into crafting one:

1. Clarity and Focus

A mission statement helps you define your purpose and what you want to achieve in life. It provides clarity and direction, allowing you to make decisions that align with your values and goals.

2. Goal Setting

It serves as a foundation for setting meaningful, achievable goals. Your mission statement can guide you in setting both short-term and long-term objectives that are in line with your life’s purpose.

3. Motivation

A well-crafted mission statement can serve as a source of motivation and inspiration during challenging times. It reminds you of your core values and why you’re pursuing your goals.

4. Alignment with Values

It helps you live a life that is in alignment with your values. Your mission statement acts as a filter, helping you prioritize activities, relationships, and opportunities that resonate with your beliefs.

5. Resilience

In times of adversity, your personal mission statement can provide resilience and determination. It reminds you of the bigger picture and encourages perseverance.

Steps to Craft Your Personal Mission Statement

Creating a personal mission statement is a reflective process that requires introspection and thoughtful consideration. Follow these steps to craft your own:

1. Self-Reflection

Take time to reflect on your life, values, and beliefs. Consider the following questions:

  • What are my core values?
  • What activities bring me the most joy and fulfillment?
  • What do I want to achieve in my lifetime?
  • What impact do I want to have on the world or my community?
  • What legacy do I want to leave behind?

2. Define Your Purpose

Based on your reflections, write a concise statement that defines your life’s purpose. This should be a single sentence that captures the essence of what you want to achieve or contribute to the world.

3. Identify Your Values

List your core values. These are the principles and beliefs that guide your decisions and actions. Examples of values include integrity, compassion, creativity, and perseverance.

4. Set Goals

Identify specific, measurable goals that align with your purpose and values. These goals should reflect both short-term and long-term aspirations. Consider goals related to your career, personal development, relationships, and contributions to society.

5. Draft Your Mission Statement

Now, combine your purpose, values, and goals into a concise mission statement. Your mission statement should be clear, inspiring, and true to who you are. Here’s a basic structure to follow:

“I am [your name], and my mission is to [your purpose], guided by my core values of [list your values]. I will achieve this by [briefly describe how you will work toward your goals]. My mission is to [desired impact or legacy].”

6. Refine and Revise

Crafting a mission statement is an iterative process. Write a draft, reflect on it, and revise as needed. Seek feedback from trusted friends or mentors who know you well to ensure your statement accurately reflects your aspirations.

7. Live Your Mission

Once you have a final mission statement, use it as a daily guide. Make choices and set priorities that align with your mission. Periodically revisit your statement to ensure it remains relevant as your life evolves.

Examples of Personal Mission Statements

Here are a few examples of personal mission statements for inspiration:

  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to inspire others through creativity and innovation, guided by my core values of integrity, collaboration, and perseverance. I will achieve this by continuously learning, sharing my knowledge, and creating meaningful art that impacts people’s lives positively. My mission is to leave a legacy of creativity that sparks inspiration in others.”
  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to promote health and well-being in my community, guided by my core values of compassion, empathy, and service. I will achieve this by pursuing a career in healthcare, volunteering at local organizations, and educating others about healthy living. My mission is to make a positive impact on the health and happiness of those around me.”
  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to foster a world where every child has access to quality education, guided by my core values of equality, education, and empowerment. I will achieve this by working in the field of education, volunteering with organizations that support children’s education, and advocating for policy changes that improve access to education. My mission is to leave a legacy of knowledge and empowerment.”

In Conclusion

Crafting a personal mission statement is a transformative process that can bring clarity, purpose, and fulfillment to your life. It serves as a roadmap for your journey, guiding your decisions and actions in alignment with your values and goals. Take the time to reflect on what truly matters to you, define your purpose, and create a mission statement that inspires you to live a meaningful and purpose-driven life.

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