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Research of December 2021

Patricia Cruz



Here is a list of all academic peer-reviewed articles, reports and other papers published in December 2021 about journalism research. The bolded titles have JRN articles written about the studies.

Published Title Author(s) Journal / publisher
2021-12-01 Artificial Intelligence and Journalism: An Agenda for Journalism Research in Africa Ammina Kothari & Sally Ann Cruikshank African Journalism Studies
2021-12-01 Harassment’s Toll on Democracy: The Effects of Harassment Towards US Journalists Kaitlin C. Miller Journalism Practice
2021-12-01 Black woman in and beyond Belgian mainstream media: between opinion–making, dissidence, and marronage Emma-Lee Amponsah Feminist Media Studies
2021-12-01 An Emotional Rally: Exploring Commenters’ Responses to Online News Coverage of the COVID-19 Crisis in Austria Olga Eisele, Olga Litvyak, Verena K. Brändle, Paul Balluff, Andreas Fischeneder, Catherine Sotirakou, Pamina Syed Ali & Hajo G. Boomgaarden Digital Journalism
2021-12-01 Social Media Editors and the Audience Funnel: Tensions between Commercial Pressures and Professional Norms in the Data-Saturated Newsroom Tai Neilson & Timothy A. Gibson Digital Journalism
2021-12-01 You Are Fake News! Factors Impacting Journalists’ Debunking Behaviors on Social Media Magdalena Saldaña & Hong Tien Vu Digital Journalism
2021-12-01 Interactive Data Visualization Enhances Preventive Intentions in COVID-19 News Stories: The Mediating Role of Fear and the Moderating Role of Political Orientation Jeeyun Oh & Angel Hsing-Chi Hwang Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2021-12-02 Exploring Communicative AI: Reflections from a Swedish Newsroom Agnes Stenbom, Mattias Wiggberg & Tobias Norlund Digital Journalism
2021-12-02 Habitual Generation of Filter Bubbles: Why is Algorithmic Personalisation Problematic for the Democratic Public Sphere? Jernej Kaluža Javnost – The Public
2021-12-02 Journalistic Relations and Values in the Networked Era: A Case Study of The Guardian Vaios Papanagnou Journalism Practice
2021-12-02 How Headline Strategies and News Sources Affect Number of User Clicks on WeChat Yuting Sun & Chaoyun Liang Journalism Practice
2021-12-03 Shield and sword: discursive kevlar and national review’s discourses on the first trump impeachment (2019-2020) Brian Michael Goss Atlantic Journal of Communication
2021-12-03 “Down the Middle”: CNN 10 and the Ideology of Objectivity Perry Parks Journalism Practice
2021-12-03 What is Fox News? Partisan Journalism, Misinformation, and the Problem of Classification A.J. Bauer, Anthony Nadler, Jacob L. Nelson
Electronic News
2021-12-03 Minority ethnic media: challenges for the future Hsin-yi Sandy Tsai Asian Journal of Communication
2021-12-04 Question design and the construction of populist stances in political news interviews Joanna Thornborrow, Mats Ekström, Marianna Patrona
Discourse & Communication
2021-12-04 Understanding the Public’s Animosity Toward News Media: Cynicism and Distrust as Related but Distinct Negative Media Perceptions Čedomir Markov, Young Min
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2021-12-04 Forum: (De)centring Europe in urban communication research Giorgia Aiello Communication and Critical/Cultural Studies
2021-12-06 Their floods and Our floods: News values of flood photo galleries of Associated Press and Xinhua News Agency Hailing Yu, Guangfeng Chen
2021-12-06 No Such Thing as a TV News Company?
Electronic News
2021-12-06 Seeking the Legitimation of Mainstream Journalism: A Portuguese Case-Study Claudia Alvares, Gustavo Cardoso, Miguel Crespo & Ana Pinto-Martinho Journalism Practice
2021-12-07 How Do Traditional Media Function in Social Learning about AI? Psychological and Cognitive Reactions to AI-Powered Communication Yiwei Li,Yu Guo &Siyu Liu Communication Studies
2021-12-07 Editor’s introduction Tessa Adams
Journal of Communication Inquiry
2021-12-07 Patterns of media use and leisure time among older adults Sonya Dal Cin, Matea Mustafaj, Karen Nielsen
New Media & Society
2021-12-07 “The Paper Is White”: Examining Diversity Issues With the Next Generation of Journalists Teri Finneman, Marina A. Hendricks, Piotr S. Bobkowski Journalism & Mass Communication Educator
2021-12-08 Closing the Cover: Changes Coming to Digital Journalism Scott A. Eldridge II Digital Journalism
2021-12-08 Mimicry, Fragmentation, or Decoupling? Three Scenarios for the Control Function of EU Correspondents Asimina Michailidou, Hans-Jörg Trenz
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-12-08 Mixed findings in directly replicated experimental studies on fake news C. Sean Burns, Renee Kaufmann, Anthony Limperos First Monday
2021-12-08 Locating oneself and talking past: Journalists’ engagement with Pacific communities on Twitter Tara Ross
Media International Australia
2021-12-09 Tackling the emotional toll together: How journalists address harassment with connective practices Anu Kantola, Anu A Harju
2021-12-09 Something that They Never Said: Multimodal Disinformation and Source Vividness in Understanding the Power of AI-Enabled Deepfake NewsOpen Data Jiyoung Lee & Soo Yun Shin Media Psychology
2021-12-09 ‘His Political Life Story Told in Pictures’: The Visual Construction of the Political Persona of Joseph Chamberlain Betto van Waarden Media History
2021-12-09 Ethnic Selective Exposure: A Test of Cultural-Identity Based Media Selectivity Theory Mingxiao Sui Mass Communication and Society
2021-12-09 Readers think for themselves Tim Luckhurst
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 What are they paying us for? James Harkin
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 But we didn’t know anyone: New recruits to the industry Adam Samuel
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 Hollow words save no-one Lynne O’Donnell
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 A doomed TV start-up Kevin Duffy
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 Could the good times roll again? Bill Hagerty
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 We can still make money from news Dominic Young
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 If Paul Dacre is the wrong fit… Alan Moses
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 Monuments to a golden past Nick Jenkins
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 Room at the top KF
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 Half the money, twice the value Polly Graham
British Journalism Review
2021-12-09 Iconic war images and the myth of the ‘good American Soldier’ Megan MacKenzie
Media, War & Conflict
2021-12-10 Subverting Journalistic Routines: When Political Satire Intervenes to Challenge Public Broadcasting National Discourses Danford Zirugo African Journalism Studies
2021-12-10 The Influence of News Coverage on Humanitarian Aid: The Bureaucrats’ Perspective Martin Scott, Mel Bunce & Kate Wright Journalism Studies
2021-12-10 News by Popular Demand: Ideological Congruence, Issue Salience, and Media Reputation in News Sharing Natalia Aruguete, Ernesto Calvo, Tiago Ventura
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-12-10 Encoding polysemy in the news Lillian Boxman-Shabtai
2021-12-11 Deepfakes, misinformation and disinformation and authenticity infrastructure responses: Impacts on frontline witnessing, distant witnessing, and civic journalism Sam Gregory
2021-12-11 Conservative news nonprofits: Claiming legitimacy without transparency Michael Buozis, Magda Konieczna
2021-12-11 Journalists as mobility agents: Labor mobilities, individualized identities, and emerging organizational forms Víctor Hugo Reyna
2021-12-12 A typology of alternative online political media in the United Kingdom: A longitudinal content analysis (2015–2018) Declan McDowell-Naylor, Stephen Cushion, Richard Thomas
2021-12-13 When the mainstream takes over: political magazines’ attempts to cultivate alternativeness in Finland Ullamaija Kivikuru The Journal of International Communication
2021-12-13 The Mediatization of Political Personae, 1880s–1930s Betto van Waarden & Martin Kohlrausch Media History
2021-12-13 The Prison Media Complex: Labour, Technology and Communication Infrastructures in the Prison System Fredrik Stiernstedt,
Anne Kaun
Triple C
2021-12-13 When do agentless passives mystify social actors in the minds of readers? Will Lingle
Critical Discourse Studies
2021-12-13 Funding Democracy: Public Media and Democratic Health in 33 Countries Timothy Neff, Victor Pickard
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-12-13 How Race and Gender Impact the Perceived Objectivity of Broadcast Women of Color on Twitter Kelli S. Boling, Denetra Walker
Social Media + Society
2021-12-13 Courting Coverage: Rhetorical Newsworthiness Cues and Candidate-Media Agenda Convergence in Presidential Primaries Zachary Scott
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2021-12-14 From blame to context: how official responses influence negative media portrayal of country image Michael O. Ukonu, Ifeanyi L. Anorue, Cynthia Emeafor & Nnamdi Ajaebili The Journal of International Communication
2021-12-14 Beyond verification: Flesh witnessing and the significance of embodiment in conflict news Lilie Chouliaraki, Omar Al-Ghazzi
2021-12-14 Political Information Use and Its Relationship to Beliefs in Conspiracy Theories Among the German Public Christian Schemer, Marc Ziegele, Tanjev Schultz, Oliver Quiring, Nikolaus Jackob, Ilka Jakobs
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2021-12-14 Africa’s global media image in a digital world as an exclusive western preserve? Chikaire Wilfred Williams Ezeru
International Communication Gazette
2021-12-14 Media coverage of climate change induced migration: Implications for meaningful media discourse Maria Sakellari
Global Media and Communication
2021-12-15 “We Have to act Like our Devices are Already Infected”: Investigative Journalists and Internet Surveillance Philip Di Salvo Journalism Practice
2021-12-15 Best Prosody for News: A Psychophysiological Study Comparing a Broadcast to a Narrative Speaking Style Emma Rodero, Lucía Cores-Sarría*
Communication Research
2021-12-15 Comparing newspapers in mainland China and Hong Kong: The limits of media systems theory Haiyan Wang, Nan Lyu
Global Media and China
2021-12-16 U.S. Public Opinion on China and the United States During the U.S.–China Trade Dispute: The Role of Audience Framing and Partisan Media Use Louisa Ha, Rik Ray, Peiqin Chen, Ke Guo Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2021-12-16 The dependence of election coverage on political institutions: Political competition and policy framing in Germany and the United Kingdom Iain McMenamin, Michael Courtney, Michael Breen, , Gemma McNulty
2021-12-16 Framing Migration in Southern European Media: Perceptions of Spanish, Italian, and Greek Specialized Journalists Carlos Arcila-Calderón, David Blanco-Herrero, María Matsiola, Martín Oller-Alonso, Theodora Saridou, Sergio Splendore Journalism Practice
2021-12-16 The Rise of Social Journalism: An Explorative Case Study of a Youth-oriented Instagram News Account Jonathan Hendrickx Journalism Practice
2021-12-17 How Do Chinese Media Frame Arab Uprisings: A Content Analysis Shiming Hu, Weipeng Hou, Jinghong Xu Media and Communication
2021-12-17 From Chiapas to Palestine: Historicizing Social Movement Media Before and Beyond the Arab Uprisings Gretchen King Media and Communication
2021-12-17 The Role of Media and Communication in Reducing Uncertainty During the Syria War Claudia Kozman, Rana Tabbara, Jad Melki Media and Communication
2021-12-17 The Subtle Dynamics of Power Struggles in Tunisia: Local media since the Arab Uprisings Noah Bassil, Nourhan Kassem Media and Communication
2021-12-17 A Case Study: Mada Masr—A Progressive Voice in Egypt and Beyond Nadia Leihs Media and Communication
2021-12-17 Understanding Emerging Media: Voice, Agency, and Precarity in the Post-2011 Arab Mediasphere Yazan Badran Media and Communication
2021-12-17 Beyond Mainstream Media and Communication Perspectives on the Arab Uprisings Hanan Badr, Lena-Maria Möller Media and Communication
2021-12-17 Signaling News Outlet Credibility in a Google Search Gina M. Masullo, Taeyoung Lee, Martin J. Riedl
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2021-12-17 Telling Every Story: Characteristics of Systematic Reporting David Caswell Journalism Practice
2021-12-18 Understanding the Present Through the Past: A Comparison of Spanish News Coverage of the 1918 Flu and COVID-19 Pandemics Samantha N. Edwards
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2021-12-19 The Cultivation of Emotions in the Press:
Searching for ‘Education of the Heart’ in German-Language Digital Newspaper Collections
Heidi Hakkarainen Media History
2021-12-19 Register phenomena as international news: risk, register, and translation in Japanese coverage of quotes from the 2020 US presidential debate Wesley Cooper Robertson Continuum
2021-12-19 Disclosing sexual abuse on a news website: a qualitative study of affective narratives Smeeta Mishra Information, Communication & Society
2021-12-19 Satire from a far-away land: psychological distance and satirical news Stephen Skalicky, Britta C. Brugman, Ellen Droog & Christian Burgers Information, Communication & Society
2021-12-19 Female Investigative Journalists: Overcoming Threats, Intimidation, and Violence with Gendered Strategies Maria Konow-Lund & Marte Høiby Journalism Practice
2021-12-19 Covering a Complicated Legacy with a Sledgehammer: Metajournalistic and Audience Discourse After Kobe Bryant’s Death Carolina Velloso, Wei-ping Li, Shannon Scovel, Nohely Alvarez, Md Mahfuzul Haque & Linda Steiner Journalism Studies
2021-12-19 Mapping Peace Journalism: Toward a Shared Understanding of Success Meagan E. Doll & Patricia Moy Journalism Studies
2021-12-20 A Robot, Meteorologist, and Amateur Forecaster Walk into A Bar: Examining Qualitative Responses to A Weather Forecast Delivered via Social Robot Adam M. Rainear, Xianlin Jin, Autumn Edwards, Chad Edwards & Patric R. Spence Communication Studies
2021-12-20 Vol. 10 No. 2 (2021): Les écritures du sport – The writing(s) of sports journalism – As escritas do jornalismo esportivo Multiple writers Sur le journalisme, About journalism, Sobre jornalismo
2021-12-20 Age Differences in Online News Consumption and Online Political Expression in the United States, United Kingdom, and France Shelley Boulianne, Adam Shehata
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-12-20 Public service media, innovation policy and the ‘crowding out’ problem Christian Herzog & James Meese Communication Research and Practice
2021-12-20 The Belt and Road Initiative in Australian mainstream media: Why did its narratives shift from 2013 to 2021? Yuan Jiang
Media International Australia
2021-12-20 Does the Ideology of the Newsroom Affect the Provision of Media Slant? Hans J. G. Hassell, Matthew R. Miles & Kevin Reuning Political Communication
2021-12-20 What is ‘Good’ Climate Journalism? Public Perceptions of Climate Journalism in Denmark Ida Willig,Mark Blach-Ørsten & Rasmus Burkal Journalism Practice
2021-12-21 Data-driven news work culture: Reconciling tensions in epistemic values and practices of news journalism Mats Ekström, Amanda Ramsälv, Oscar Westlund
2021-12-21 Low on trust, high on use datafied media, trust and everyday life David Mathieu, Jannie Hartley-Møller
Big Data & Society
2021-12-21 Understanding I.R. of Iran’s Media Policy: A Concentration on Regulations and Laws Hatef Pourrashidi, Javad Alipoor, Mehran Samadi & Neda Soleimani Southern Communication Journal
2021-12-21 New Online Journalism Businesses: Exploring Profiles, Models and Variables in the Current Brazilian Scenario Elizabeth Saad & Stefanie C. da Silveira Journalism Practice
2021-12-22 “The Boundaries are Blurry…”: How Comment Moderators in Germany See and Respond to Hate Comments Sünje Paasch-Colberg & Christian Strippel Journalism Studies
2021-12-23 Perpetrator witnessing: Testing the norms and forms of witnessing through livestreaming terror attacks Mette Mortensen
2021-12-23 Children and the Radio: Who Should Listen to Whom? Alice Nemcova Tejkalova, Olga Gheorghiev, Marketa Supa & Victoria Nainova Journalism Practice
2021-12-24 Redemption vs. #MeToo: How Journalists Addressed Kobe Bryant’s Rape Case in Crafting His Memory Patrick Walters Journalism Practice
2021-12-24 Managing government legitimacy during the COVID-19 pandemic in China: a semantic network analysis of state-run media Sina Weibo posts Cui Zhang Meadows, Lu Tang & Wenxue Zou Chinese Journal of Communication
2021-12-26 News from the ad archive: how journalists use the facebook ad library to hold online advertising accountable Paddy Leerssen, Tom Dobber, Natali Helberger & Claes de Vreese Information, Communication & Society
2021-12-26 When Reporters Make the News: Narrated Role Performance During Colombia’s Post-Conflict with the FARC Guerrilla Group Andrea Cancino-Borbón, Marta Milena Barrios & Lyz Salas-Vega Journalism Studies
2021-12-26 “Stop Giving Us the Negatives of the Other Side’s Aims”: The EU Referendum Through Letters to the Editor Iñaki Garcia-Blanco &Lucy Bennett Journalism Studies
2021-12-26 When Everyone’s a Critic: How U.S. Arts and Culture Critics Strategize to Maintain Their Cultural Authority Kelsey Whipple Journalism Studies
2021-12-26 Constructing the ultimate “leftover women”: Chinese media’s representation of female PhDs in the postsocialist era Xiaomeng Li Feminist Media Studies
2021-12-27 The more, the better? Effects of transparency tools and moderators on the perceived credibility of news articles Jakob Henke, Stefanie Holtrup, Wiebke Möhring
2021-12-27 Resisting the resistance (journalism): Ben Smith, Ronan Farrow, and delineating boundaries of practice Patrick Ferrucci, Gino Canella
2021-12-28 A Global Perspective on Ethics: New Resources for Teaching and Discussing Media Ethics and Journalism Ethics Kati Tusinski Berg Journal of Media Ethics
2021-12-29 Portrait of liberal chaos: RT’s antagonistic strategic narration about the Netherlands Aiden Hoyle, Helma van den Berg, Bertjan Doosje, Martijn Kitzen
Media, War & Conflict
2021-12-29 Shaping the ‘inexplicable’: A social constructionist analysis of news reporting of familicide-suicide Audrey Galvin, Fergal Quinn, Yvonne Cleary
2021-12-29 COVID-19 surveillance in Israeli press: Spatiality, mobility, and control Aya Yadlin, Avi Marciano
Mobile Media & Communication
2021-12-29 Do journalists cater to audience’s social identity? Assessing the alignment of news content with readers’ national identity orientations Miki Tanikawa
International Communication Gazette
2021-12-30 Examining the digital renewal of news communication: A categorization of presentation modes in digital journalism Lea Püchel, Christian-Mathias Wellbrock
New Media & Society
2021-12-30 “Toxic atmosphere effect”: Uncivil online comments cue negative audience perceptions of news outlet credibility Gina M Masullo, Ori Tenenboim, Shuning Lu
2021-12-30 Mitigating the consequences of negative news: How constructive journalism enhances self-efficacy and news credibility Christian Staal Bruun Overgaard
2021-12-30 “Why I quit journalism:” Former journalists’ advice giving as a way to regain control Nick Mathews, Valérie Bélair-Gagnon, Matt Carlson
2021-12-30 Discursive representation of the Article 370 abrogation: A comparative CDA of the headlines of two major Indian online news publications Arif Hussain Nadaf
2021-12-30 Logics, tensions and negotiations in the everyday life of a news-ranking algorithm Jakob Svensson
2021-12-30 The degree of heterogeneity of news consumption in Germany—Descriptive statistics and relations with individual differences in personality, ideological attitudes, and voting intentions Cornelia Sindermann, Christopher Kannen, Christian Montag
New Media & Society
2021-12-30 Examining the digital renewal of news communication: A categorization of presentation modes in digital journalism Lea Püchel, Christian-Mathias Wellbrock
New Media & Society
2021-12-30 Post-regime-change Afghan and Iraqi media systems: Strategic ambivalence as technology of media governance Mohammed A Salih
Media, War & Conflict
2021-12-31 Interactive documentary and the reinvention of digital journalism, 2015–2020 David O Dowling
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2021-12-31 Stereotypes and sexism? Effects of gender, topic, and user comments on journalists’ credibility Mario Haim, Kim Maurus
2021-12-31 Pride and Anxiety: British Journalists’ Emotional Labour in the Covid-19 Pandemic Maja Šimunjak Journalism Studies

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Article: Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online

Patricia Cruz



The study “Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online” by Michael Koliska from Georgetown University experimented on news consumers’ trust as brought on by transparency, and further, in the second experiment, explored the reasons for the findings in the first.

Transparency in journalism is defined as opening up the journalistic processes (production, decision making) to outsiders, i.e. making journalism more transparent. Karlsson (2010, 2020) further divides transparency into disclosure, participatory, and ambient transparency. 

Defining trust, on the other hand, in journalism has been tricky, as it has been associated with credibility. Kohring and Matthes (2007) define the four elements of trust: 1. trust in topic selectivity; 2. trust in fact selectivity; 3. trust in accuracy of descriptions, and 4. trust in journalistic assessment. 

This study recruited its participants from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) platform. There were a total of 1092 participants. They were presented with a news story about nanoparticles – a topic that was unfamiliar to most and therefore had a low risk of partisan opinions. The article was presented in six different webpages that had differing transparency items in them.

There were 11 different trust items in the first experiment. Based on the results, the hypotheses were rejected. They were H1: A a) production transparency news item and a b) producer transparency news item will be trusted more than a non-transparent item. H2: A full transparency (both production and producer transparency) news item will be trusted more than a) a non-transparent article, b) a production transparency article, and c) a producer transparency article. And H3a: A full transparency news item will be trusted more than a full transparent article that includes biased information about the producer. H3b: A producer transparency news item with neutral personal information will be trusted more than a producer transparency article with biased information.

Nevertheless, the participants agreed that the journalist was trustworthy and that they sometimes trusted the news media. On results, it was speculated that the participants did not recognize the transparency features as cognitive heuristics and did not interact much with the transparency items. 

The second experiment was similar. There were a total of 379 participants, who were not the same as in the first one. They were assigned to read the same article as in the first about nanoparticles, placed again on five different webpages with varying transparency features.  

Further on, the participants were asked to recall the transparency features (such as hyperlinks, author bio, editorial explanations etc.) and to recall specific information from the article and the transparency features. 

The participants recalled items such as the photo (84% of the ones assigned to the webpage with a photo) only 34% could correctly identify the journalist. Similarly, 53% of those who had seen an editorial explanation recalled it, but only 26% could recall a detail from it. Participants also had trouble recalling the individual transparency features they were exposed to.

It was noted that the participants had better recall on items that were part of the actual story than the ‘digitally outsourced’ transparency items. It is possible that this information is not adequately processed or they failed to acknowledge the utility of this information. 

In conclusion, it still remains unclear how the link between transparency and audience’s trust is created. The question remains on whether news consumers recognize transparency features as markers of journalistic quality.

The article “Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online” by Michael Koliska is in Journalism Studies. (open access). 

Picture: scrabble tiles spelling trust by Ronda Dorsey.

License Unsplash. 

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News ideology and media storms in France and Israel

Patricia Cruz



The article “What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms” by Doron Shultziner from Hadassah Academic College looked at the nexus of news ideology and media storms using two media storms to analyze the topic: the Yellow Vests Movement (2018) in France and the Occupy Movement (2011) in Israel.

Media storms are defined as events or topics that take up a substantial part of the coverage for a period of time. They typically peak after few weeks in the beginning and then begin to fade. They have been studied widely with various terms being applied to them like “media event” or “media hypes”.

In the past 15 years, there has been an increase in the amount of studies on media ideology. Measured against the hypothetical gold standard of pure objectivity, media bias can be seen when coverage varies from source to another in different weighings and so on, with professional considerations having been overtaken by ideological ones.

The ideology is often seen in framing – as in this case, left-wing media tends to frame the protests positively and right-wing negatively. This was one of the topics in this study.
There were two data sets for the study: the Israeli one and the French one. The Israeli dataset consisted of coverage from Yedioth Ahronoth, Israel Hayom, Maariv, Haaretz, Makor Rishon (a national-religious newspaper), and Yated Neeman (an ultra-religious newspaper). Israel Hayom, Makor Rishon, and Yated Neeman are right-wing, the rest are left wing.

The French dataset consisted of coverage from Le Figaro, Le Monde, Libération, and L’Obs – listed here from right to left ideologically. The articles from both datasets were coded either positive, negative, or neutral based on several criteria.

The results show that media storms are a multi-media phenomenon, affecting a number of newspapers at once. The findings also demonstrate a media bias: if professional considerations were the only thing that mattered, the coverage in left- and right-wing media would have resembled each other.

Instead, there was a trend of negative coverage in right-wing media and positive in left – and what is more, the lines of coverage moved to opposite directions, showing increased polarization. There were differences between the storms: in the Israel case the newspapers chose their sides early and there was no significant move, but in France the lines diverged as the media storm went on.

News ideology also operated through production bias mechanisms, such as sizing of articles or their placement in the newspaper (front page or somewhere else). Due to the differences of the two cases, the hypotheses regarding the decline stage of the storm were hard to assess.

The author notes that the study has implications for future research. It proposes that media storms may be high-risk events that even challenge the ideology and interests of the news organizations. As important, politically charged events become media storms, they may become political storms instead.

The article “What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms” by Doron Shultziner is in International Journal of Communication. (free access).

Picture: Storm Approaching by Johannes Plenio @jplenio.
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Covering women’s sport: My sports journalism career highlights

Patricia Cruz



There has never been a better time to work in women’s sport and for early-career sports reporters, the opportunities are endless.

Here, multimedia sports reporter Milly McEvoy shares how she has covered everything from the Olympics and Paralympics to international women’s cricket and football tournaments, only a year after finishing her sports journalism course.

In June 2021, fresh off finishing my Multimedia Sports Journalism qualification with in Manchester, I made the move down to London to join Sportsbeat as a reporter.

It feels like a lifetime ago, but what has come in between also feels like a blur – it has involved international rugby and football, the British Athletics Championships and domestic cricket and netball (and lots more) in person. 

I have also covered the Summer Olympics and Paralympics, Wimbledon, the Commonwealth Games, remotely and I have had the opportunity to interview sportspeople involved from the grassroots to the top of the game. 

On top of all that, I spent two months covering the Women’s Cricket World Cup in New Zealand. 

As I came to the end of my history degree in 2020, I already knew I wanted to be a sports journalist, but I started thinking about what form that would take. 

I quickly settled on women’s sport. 

I had always kept an eye on women’s sport, and proudly say the first sporting event I ever attended was a Women’s Euros football match in 2005, but my interest in sport came from what was easily available – and even two years ago most women’s sport wasn’t. 

2020 was a slippery slope to full-on obsession including listening to the 2020 Women’s T20 World Cup final on 8 March in the early morning on the radio. 

Even across the airwaves, the sound of 86,174 people packing into the MCG showed to me that there was plenty of appetite for women’s sport, people just need to be able to see it – and read about it. 

Fast forward two years and Australia were winning another World Cup, but this time, I was there to see it with my own eyes before heading to the press conference to speak with captain Meg Lanning. 

What had led to that point at around 9pm on 3 April 2022 was two months covering one of the most exciting tournaments cricket has ever seen, and I’m luckily not yet jaded enough to have cursed having to rewrite my match reports as momentum swung wildly in several games. 

I learnt so much from covering that World Cup producing over 120 previews, reports, reaction pieces and features, but my favourite one was the last thing I did in Aotearoa, speaking with a slightly hungover Grace Harris the day after she had won the World Cup. 

Having returned to the UK, I enjoyed a full circle moment in July as I covered the Women’s Euros, and just like the 2020 T20 World Cup, I watched from afar as 87,192 fans cheered the home team to victory. 

Except, this time I was writing the match report for the Lionesses and I couldn’t get into the Wembley press box because there were so many people eager to cover women’s sports. 

It feels like England’s win will be a turning point for women’s sport, one that is long overdue, and I am excited to be part of what is to come and grateful and proud to have been a small part of what has already been. 

You can find out more about our multimedia sports journalism course here.

For a taster of our award-winning journalism training, sign up for one of our free workshops here.

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