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Journalism

Research of November 2021

Patricia Cruz

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Here is a list of all academic peer-reviewed articles, reports and other papers published in November 2021 about journalism research. The bolded titles have JRN articles written about the studies.

Published Title Author(s) Journal / publisher
2021-11-01 Is pro-Kremlin Disinformation Effective? Evidence from Ukraine Aaron Erlich, Calvin Garner
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-11-01 No Polarization From Partisan News: Over-Time Evidence From Trace Data Magdalena Wojcieszak, Sjifra de Leeuw, Ericka Menchen-Trevino, Seungsu Lee, Ke M. Huang-Isherwood, Brian Weeks
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-11-01 Media Systems and Attention Cycles: Volume and Topics of News Coverage on COVID-19 in the United States and China Christopher D. Wirz, Anqi Shao, Luye Bao, Emily L. Howell, Hannah Monroe, Kaiping Chen
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2021-11-01 “Successful” identity transformation: the representation of Israeli post-Soviet immigrant women in La’isha Yulia Shevchenko & Einat Lachover Feminist Media Studies
2021-11-01 The Potential of Interactivity and Gamification Within Immersive Journalism & Interactive Documentary (I-Docs) to Explore Climate Change Literacy and Inoculate Against Misinformation Lawrence Brannon, Lisa Gold, Johnny Magee & Geoff Walton Journalism Practice
2021-11-02 Business as Usual: How Journalism’s Professional Logics Continue to Shape News Organization Policies Around Social Media Audiences Kelly Fincham Journalism Practice
2021-11-02 Fighting an Armed Doctrine: The Struggle to Modernize German Propaganda During World War I (1914–1918) Elisabeth Fondren
Journalism & Communication Monographs
2021-11-02 War Propaganda and the Patriotic Model of the News in the 21st Century Sarah Oates
Journalism & Communication Monographs
2021-11-02 Propaganda and Myth: The Case of France Ross F. Collins
Journalism & Communication Monographs
2021-11-03 Audience research is far from new, so don’t overlook the old goldmines Dane S. Claussen
Newspaper Research Journal
2021-11-03 The Normativity of Communication Research: A Content Analysis of Normative Claims in Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles (1970–2014) Stephanie Geise, Ulrike Klinger, Melanie Magin, Kathrin Friederike Müller, Cordula Nitsch, Claudia Riesmeyer, Liane Rothenberger, Christina Schumann, Annika Sehl, Cornelia Wallner & Arne Freya Zillich Mass Communication and Society
2021-11-04 Making Sense of Pandemic-Induced Changes in Journalism and Beyond Eun-Ju Lee Digital Journalism
2021-11-04 Canaries in the climate coal mine: Climate change and COVID-19 as meta-crisis Laura Robinson First Monday
2021-11-04 Electoral news sharing: a study of changes in news coverage and Facebook sharing behaviour during the 2018 Mexican elections Ernesto de León, Susan Vermeer & Damian Trilling Information, Communication & Society
2021-11-05 A data-driven approach to studying changing vocabularies in historical newspaper collections Simon Hengchen, Ruben Ros, Jani Marjanen, Mikko Tolonen Digital Scholarship in the Humanities
2021-11-05 “We always report under pressure”: Professionalism and journalistic identity among regional journalists in a conflict zone Sayyed Fawad Ali Shah, Tamar Ginossar, Muhammad Ittefaq
Journalism
2021-11-05 The Impact of Political Identity and Outgroup Partisan Media Contact on Intergroup Bias and Unwillingness to Compromise with the Opposing Party: An Intergroup Threat Approach Mei-Chen Lin &Paul M. Haridakis Mass Communication and Society
2021-11-07 Beyond the state as the ‘cold monster’: the importance of Russian alternative media in reconfiguring the hegemonic state discourse Kirill Filimonov & Nico Carpentier Critical Discourse Studies
2021-11-07 (Anti-)feminism and cisgenderism in sports media Gabriel Knott-Fayle, Elizabeth Peel & Gemma Witcomb Feminist Media Studies
2021-11-07 A Different Kind of Transgender Celebrity: From Entertainment Narrative to the “Wrong Body” Discourse in Japanese Media Culture Michelle H. S. Ho
Television & New Media
2021-11-08 Gatekeeping, Gatewatching and the Art of Crowdsourcing in African Media Systems: A Case of Zambian Newsrooms Gregory Gondwe Communicatio
2021-11-08 Convergence of linear television and digital platforms: An analysis of YouTube offer and consumption Ana González-Neira, Jorge Vázquez-Herrero, Natalia Quintas-Froufe
European Journal of Communication
2021-11-08 Anti-Media Discourse and Violence Against Journalists: Evidence From Chávez’s Venezuela Kyong Mazzaro
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-11-08 A 20-year stocktake of Aotearoa New Zealand’s performance in the Global Media Monitoring Project (GMMP): Feminisation of the newsroom but still not gender parity Susan Fountaine, Cathy Strong, Flora Galy-Badenas & Leon Salter Communication Research and Practice
2021-11-09 Promises Granted: Venture Philanthropy and Tech Ideology in Metajournalistic Discourse Brian Creech & Perry Parks Journalism Studies
2021-11-09 Media and Science Policy: Who Influences Whom Regarding Complementary and Alternative Medicines Regulation Lorena Cano-Orón, Emilia H. Lopera-Pareja
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-11-09 Deciding what’s (sharable) news: Social movement organizations as curating actors in the political information system Thomas J Billard Communication Monographs
2021-11-09 How African countries respond to fake news and hate speech Lisa Garbe, Lisa-Marie Selvik & Pauline Lemaire Information, Communication & Society
2021-11-09 Resisting Privilege: Effects of a White Privilege Message Intervention and Conservative Media Use on Freedom Threat and Racial Attitudes Matthew A. Lapierre & Jennifer Stevens Aubrey Mass Communication and Society
2021-11-10 The Discursive Constitution of Mafia Journalism as a Network Beat Sergio Splendore Journalism Practice
2021-11-10 “The American Outlaws Are Our People”: Fox Sports and the Branded Ambivalence of an American Soccer Fan at the 2019 FIFA Women’s World Cup Charlotte E. Howell
Television & New Media
2021-11-10 Affordances for Sense-Making: Exploring Their Availability for Users of Online News Sites Damon Kiesow, Shuhua Zhou & Lei Guo Digital Journalism
2021-11-10 Resource Exchanges Between Mobile News Apps and Third-Parties Aske Kammer Digital Journalism
2021-11-10 Alternative News Orientation and Trust in Mainstream Media: A Longitudinal Audience Perspective Kim Andersen, Adam Shehata & Dennis Andersson Digital Journalism
2021-11-10 Print Imprint: The Connection Between the Physical Newspaper and the Self Nick Mathews
Journal of Communication Inquiry
2021-11-11 Exposure to television and support for restrictive immigration policies in the midst of the immigration crisis: A cross-national comparison Nella Geurts, Roos Geurts, Peer Scheepers, Maurice Vergeer Social Science Quarterly
2021-11-11 Framing socio-political controversy: The 2012 Spanish labor reform as a case study of cascading activation Sergio Álvarez Sánchez, Alfredo Arceo Vacas
European Journal of Communication
2021-11-11 A theory of media freedom Damian Tambini Journal of Media Law
2021-11-11 Agenda Setting by News and by the Audience in a News Portal Panel Experiment Martina Santia, Raymond J. Pingree, Kirill Bryanov & Brian K. Watson Mass Communication and Society
2021-11-11 Reporting from My Home: Location Effect on the Para-Social Phenomenon and the News Broadcast Industry Kirstin Pellizzaro & Madeleine Liseblad Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2021-11-11 Hostile Media Perception on Twitter: The Effect of Mediated Social Identity Cues on Biased Perception Eric J. Cooks & Anneliese Bolland Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media
2021-11-12 The Coronavirus Pandemic as a Critical Moment for Digital Journalism Thorsten Quandt & Karin Wahl-Jorgensen Digital Journalism
2021-11-12 Deepfakes and documentary practice in an age of misinformation Craig Hight Continuum
2021-11-12 The Imagined Industry Elena Maris International Journal of Communication
2021-11-12 Elaboration, Cancer Worry, and Risk Perception Mediate the Association Between News Attention on the Internet and Intention to Uptake HPV Vaccination: Extending the Cognitive Mediation Model Li Li, John Robert Bautista International Journal of Communication
2021-11-12 From Invisibility to the Public Sphere: The Hybrid Media Strategy of a New Party (Podemos, Spain, 2014–2015) Víctor Sampedro, Rafael Durán, Francisco Seoane, Alessandra Farné International Journal of Communication
2021-11-13 Understanding digital disconnection beyond media studies Hallvard Moe, Ole Jacob Madsen
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2021-11-13 When media events fail: the transformation of the Israeli peace discourse at the funeral of Shimon Peres Yuval Katz Critical Studies in Media Communication
2021-11-14 Assessing conditions for inter-firm collaboration as a revenue strategy for politically pressured news media Clare Elizabeth Cook Journal of Media Business Studies
2021-11-14 “She’s the communication expert”: digital labor and the implications of datafied relational communication Signe Sophus Lai Feminist Media Studies
2021-11-14 #MeToo movement in political media era: a comparison of U.S. media and Korean media Meehyun Jeon, Hyoung Oh Kim & Chang Wan Woo Communication Quarterly
2021-11-15 Constructing the “Gender Beat:” U.S. Journalists Refocus the News in the Aftermath of #Metoo Meg Heckman Journalism Practice
2021-11-15 Advancing digital disconnection research: Introduction to the special issue Stine Lomborg, Brita Ytre-Arne
Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies
2021-11-16 Who is to Blame? Analysis of Government and News Media Frames During the 2014 Earthquake in Chile Magdalena Saldaña
Journalism Studies
2021-11-16 The State of the News Beat: Expertise and Division of Labour in Current Newsrooms Zvi Reich, Oded Jackman, Tal Mishaly & Liri Blum Journalism Practice
2021-11-16 Oh, no, Pokémon GO! Media panic and fear of mobility in news coverage of an augmented reality phenomenon Tal Laor, Hananel Rosenberg, Nili Steinfeld
Mobile Media & Communication
2021-11-17 Resistance to ‘Framing’? The Portrayal of Asylum Seekers and Refugees in Hong Kong’s Online Media Isabella Ng, Sharice Fung-Yee Choi & Alex Lih-Shing Chan Journalism Practice
2021-11-18 One Recommender Fits All? An Exploration of User Satisfaction With Text-Based News Recommender Systems Mareike Wieland,
Gerret von Nordheim, Katharina Kleinen-von Königslöw
Media and Communication
2021-11-18 When Algorithms Recommend What’s New(s): New Dynamics of Decision-Making and Autonomy in Newsgathering Hannes Cools, Baldwin Van Gorp, Michaël Opgenhaffen Media and Communication
2021-11-18 Epistemic Overconfidence in Algorithmic News Selection Mariken van der Velden, Felicia Loecherbach Media and Communication
2021-11-18 Algorithmic or Human Source? Examining Relative Hostile Media Effect With a Transformer-Based Framework Chenyan Jia, Ruibo Liu Media and Communication
2021-11-18 Investigating Algorithmic Misconceptions in a Media Context: Source of a New Digital Divide? Brahim Zarouali, Natali Helberger, Claes H. de Vreese Media and Communication
2021-11-18 How Algorithmic Systems Changed Communication in a Digital Society Sanne Kruikemeier, Sophie C. Boerman, Nadine Bol Media and Communication
2021-11-18 The coverage of clashes between migrants and authorities at the U.S.–Mexico border: a comparative discourse analysis Jorge Freddy Bolanos Lopez & Linda Jean Kenix The Journal of International Communication
2021-11-18 The role of multi-platform news consumption in explaining civic participation during the COVID-19 pandemic: A communication mediation approach Cato Waeterloos, Michel Walrave, Koen Ponnet
New Media & Society
2021-11-18 Heroes of the Day After Tomorrow: “The Oil Worker” in Norwegian Climate Coverage 2017–2021 Andreas Ytterstad, Camilla Houeland & David Jordhus-Lier Journalism Practice
2021-11-18 News Sharing Using Self-destructive Content in Digital Native Media from an International Perspective José Sixto-García, Ana Isabel Rodríguez-Vázquez & Xosé López-García Journalism Practice
2021-11-19 From “Cool Observer” to “Emotional Participant”: The Practice of Immersive Journalism Nele Goutier, Yael de Haan, Kiki de Bruin, Sophie Lecheler & Sanne Kruikemeier Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Hearts and Hahas of the Public: Exploring How Protest Frames and Sentiment Influence Emotional Emoji Engagement with Facebook News Posts Danielle K. Kilgo & Summer Harlow Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 “Tell the Story as You’d Tell It to Your Friends in a Pub”: Emotional Storytelling in Election Reporting by BuzzFeed News and Vice News James Dennis & Susana Sampaio-Dias Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Critical Emotions: Cultural Criticism as an Intrinsically Emotional Type of Journalism Nete Nørgaard Kristensen Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Journalistic Passion as Commodity: A Managerial Perspective Carl-Gustav Lindén, Katja Lehtisaari, Mikko Grönlund & Mikko Villi Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Replacing the Public with Customers: How Emotions Define Today’s Broadcast Journalism Markets. A Comparative Study Between Television Journalists in the UK and India Antje Glück Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 The Aftertaste you Cannot Erase. Career Histories, Emotions and Emotional Management in Local Newsrooms Lenka Waschková Císařová Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Journalism and Emotional Work Mervi Pantti & Karin Wahl-Jorgensen Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Journalism as an Affective Institution. Emotional Labor and the Discourse on Fraud at Der Spiegel Margreth Lünenborg & Débora Medeiros Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Journalism as an Affective Institution. Emotional Labor and the Discourse on Fraud at Der Spiegel Margreth Lünenborg & Débora Medeiros Journalism Studies
2021-11-19 Tired, Hungry, and on Deadline: Affect and Emotion in the Practice of Conflict Journalism Richard Stupart Journalism Studies
2021-11-20 State as Salesman: International Economic Engagement and Foreign News Coverage in China Hanzhang Liu & Chengyuan Ji Political Communication
2021-11-21 A content analysis of newspaper coverage of maternal mortality from 2010-2019 Amy Delaney & Gabi N. Singleton Communication Research Reports
2021-11-21 Ethnic news and its effects on presidential approval among Chinese Americans during the Covid-19 pandemic Jiehua Zhang The Journal of International Communication
2021-11-22 Online Strategies of the Largest Broadcasters in the Times of Uncertainty. The Case of Russia Elena Vartanova, Andrey Vyrkovsky & Daria Vyugina International Journal on Media Management
2021-11-22 Journalists’ Misjudgement of Audience Opinion David Nicolas Hopmann, Andreas R.T. Schuck
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-11-22 Media Consensus and Divergences in Norway During the Second Wave of Coronavirus Infections Birgitte Kjos Fonn & Nathalie Hyde-Clarke Journalism Practice
2021-11-22 News Stories About Fallen Journalists: The Institutional History of the Hero Myth in Journalistic Practice Raymond McCaffrey Journalism Practice
2021-11-22 Verification of Digital Sources in Swedish Newsrooms — A Technical Issue or a Question of Newsroom Culture? Malin Picha Edwardsson, Walid Al-Saqaf & Gunnar Nygren Journalism Practice
2021-11-22 More Than Numbers:An Intersectional Examination of Media Portrayals of Formerly Incarcerated Women Gladys and Jamie Scott Sherri Williams Feminist Media Studies
2021-11-23 Presenting the People’s Republic: what drives images of China in the press? Runping Zhu, Jinrui Wei, Richard Krever, Yu Huang
Media International Australia
2021-11-23 My pandemic news is better than yours: audience perceptions of early news coverage about Covid-19
Icon
Mallory R. Perryman Communication Research Reports
2021-11-23 Journalists on Instagram: Presenting Professional Identity and Role on Image-focused Social Media Diana Bossio Journalism Practice
2021-11-23 Containing a Corona Misinfodemic and Covidiocy: Political Talk Shows on German Public-Service TV Jana Fedtke, Mohammed Ibahrine, Bouziane Zaid & Don Donghee Shin Journalism Practice
2021-11-23 The “Audience Logic” in Digital Journalism: An Exploration of Shifting News Logics Across Media Types and Time Sina Blassnig & Frank Esser Journalism Studies
2021-11-24 Youth Political Talk in the Changing Media Environment: A Cross-National Typology Neta Kligler-Vilenchik, Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt, Pablo J. Boczkowski, Kaori Hayashi, Eugenia Mitchelstein, Mikko Villi
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2021-11-24 ‘The race for space’: capitalism, the country and the city in Britain under covid 19 Jilly Boyce Kay & Helen Wood Continuum
2021-11-24 Gendered power relations in the digital age: an analysis of Japanese women’s media choice and use within a global context Kaori Hayashi, Pablo J. Boczkowski, Neta Kligler-Vilenchik , Eugenia Mitchelstein, Keren Tenenboim-Weinblatt & Mikko Villi Feminist Media Studies
2021-11-24 ‘Sharing expertise with the public’: The production of communicability and the ethics of media dialogical networking Simon Smith Discourse, Context & Media
2021-11-24 A Sadness Bias in Political News Sharing? The Role of Discrete Emotions in the Engagement and Dissemination of Political News on Facebook Ernesto de León, Damian Trilling
Social Media + Society
2021-11-25 Solving Egypt’s Economic Crisis: The Strategic Role of Chinese, Russian, and Egyptian Media Narratives Marco Ehrl & Robert Hinck International Journal of Strategic Communication
2021-11-25 Indigenous-language Media Research in Africa: Gains, Losses, Towards a New Research Agenda Thulani Tshabangu & Abiodun Salawu African Journalism Studies
2021-11-27 Social media news deserts: Digital inequalities and incidental news exposure on social media platforms Matthew Barnidge, Michael A Xenos
New Media & Society
2021-11-27 Power Sharing and Media Freedom in Dictatorships Greg Chih-Hsin Sheen, Hans H. Tung & Wen-Chin Wu Political Communication
2021-11-28 Pioneers as Peers: How Entrepreneurial Journalists Imagine the Futures of Journalism Juho Ruotsalainen, Sirkka Heinonen, Jaana Hujanen & Mikko Villi Digital Journalism
2021-11-29 Fake News Cues: Examining the Impact of Content, Source, and Typology of News Cues on People’s Confidence in Identifying Mis- and Disinformation Amber Hinsley, Avery Holton International Journal of Communication
2021-11-29 Freedom of Speech and Press in Muslim-Majority Countries Shugofa Dastgeer, Daxton Stewart International Journal of Communication
2021-11-29 News Frames in the Context of a Substantial Increase in Migration: Differences Between Media Platforms and Immigrants’ Nationality Andrés Scherman, Nicolle Etchegaray International Journal of Communication
2021-11-29 Covering Technology Risks and Responsibility: Automation, Artificial Intelligence, Robotics, and Algorithms in the Media Cornelia Brantner, Florian Saurwein International Journal of Communication
2021-11-29 Agenda-Cutting Versus Agenda-Building: Does Sponsored Content Influence Corporate News Coverage in U.S. Media? Christopher Joseph Vargo, Michelle A. Amazeen International Journal of Communication
2021-11-29 Media Campaign Strategies in Communicating HIV/AIDS in Zambia: Comparing Risk and Crisis Communication Strategies in Mitigating Behavior Change Among Sex Workers Gregory Gondwe, Eric Kwame Adae International Journal of Communication
2021-11-29 More than just collateral damage. Ramifications of the pandemic for freedom of the press Christina Holtz-Bacha Publizistik
2021-11-29 Are Journalists Reporting on the Highest-Impact Climate Solutions? Findings from a Survey of Environmental Journalists Amanda C. Borth, Eryn Campbell, Sammi Munson, Shaelyn M. Patzer, William A. Yagatich & Edward Maibach Journalism Practice
2021-11-29 Men’s and Women’s Basketball Coverage in the Spanish Digital Press During the 2016 Rio Olympics Juana Salido-Fernandez & Ana Maria Muñoz-Muñoz Journalism Practice
2021-11-29 Mobile News Learning — Investigating Political Knowledge Gains in a Social Media Newsfeed with Mobile Eye Tracking Jakob Ohme, Ewa H. Masłowska & Cornelia Mothes Political Communication
2021-11-30 The Representation of Syrian Refugees in Canadian Online Media: A Focus on the Topos of Burdening Manar Mustafa, Zahariah Pilus, Maskanah Mohammad Lotfie Canadian Journal of Communication
2021-11-30 Are You Frightened? Children’s Cognitive and Affective Reactions to News Coverage of School Shootings Gyo Hyun Koo Mass Communication and Society
2021-11-30 From Global Doom to Sustainable Solutions: International News Magazines’ Multimodal Framing of our Future with Climate Change Lars Guenther, Michael Brüggemann & Shorouk Elkobros Journalism Studies
2021-11-30 Journalism Education’s Response to the Challenges of Digital Transformation: A Dispositive Analysis of Journalism Training and Education Programs Susanne Kirchhoff Journalism Studies
2021-11-30 Invisible in This Visual World? Work and Working Conditions of Female Photographers in the Global South Saumava Mitra, Brenda L. Witherspoon & Sara Creta Journalism Studies
2021-11-30 Getting the Story Right: Reader Critiques of “The Last Days of Joe McCarthy” Julie B. Lane American Journalism
2021-11-30 Boundaries and Journalistic Authority in Newspaper Coverage of the Hutchins Report Patrick Walters American Journalism
2021-11-30 Breaking the White Circle: How the Press and Courts Quieted a Chicago Hate Group, 1949–1952 Erika J. Pribanic-Smith & Jared Schroeder American Journalism
2021-11-30 Amelia Bloomer, The Lily, and Early Feminist Discourse in the US Tracy Lucht American Journalism
2021-11-30 Regaining Control over Nature or Learning to Live in Harmony with It: Media Framing of Environmental Issues Amidst the Coronavirus Pandemic Olena Morozova, Olena Pankevych Communication Today

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Journalism

Article: Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online

Patricia Cruz

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The study “Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online” by Michael Koliska from Georgetown University experimented on news consumers’ trust as brought on by transparency, and further, in the second experiment, explored the reasons for the findings in the first.

Transparency in journalism is defined as opening up the journalistic processes (production, decision making) to outsiders, i.e. making journalism more transparent. Karlsson (2010, 2020) further divides transparency into disclosure, participatory, and ambient transparency. 

Defining trust, on the other hand, in journalism has been tricky, as it has been associated with credibility. Kohring and Matthes (2007) define the four elements of trust: 1. trust in topic selectivity; 2. trust in fact selectivity; 3. trust in accuracy of descriptions, and 4. trust in journalistic assessment. 

This study recruited its participants from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) platform. There were a total of 1092 participants. They were presented with a news story about nanoparticles – a topic that was unfamiliar to most and therefore had a low risk of partisan opinions. The article was presented in six different webpages that had differing transparency items in them.

There were 11 different trust items in the first experiment. Based on the results, the hypotheses were rejected. They were H1: A a) production transparency news item and a b) producer transparency news item will be trusted more than a non-transparent item. H2: A full transparency (both production and producer transparency) news item will be trusted more than a) a non-transparent article, b) a production transparency article, and c) a producer transparency article. And H3a: A full transparency news item will be trusted more than a full transparent article that includes biased information about the producer. H3b: A producer transparency news item with neutral personal information will be trusted more than a producer transparency article with biased information.

Nevertheless, the participants agreed that the journalist was trustworthy and that they sometimes trusted the news media. On results, it was speculated that the participants did not recognize the transparency features as cognitive heuristics and did not interact much with the transparency items. 

The second experiment was similar. There were a total of 379 participants, who were not the same as in the first one. They were assigned to read the same article as in the first about nanoparticles, placed again on five different webpages with varying transparency features.  

Further on, the participants were asked to recall the transparency features (such as hyperlinks, author bio, editorial explanations etc.) and to recall specific information from the article and the transparency features. 

The participants recalled items such as the photo (84% of the ones assigned to the webpage with a photo) only 34% could correctly identify the journalist. Similarly, 53% of those who had seen an editorial explanation recalled it, but only 26% could recall a detail from it. Participants also had trouble recalling the individual transparency features they were exposed to.

It was noted that the participants had better recall on items that were part of the actual story than the ‘digitally outsourced’ transparency items. It is possible that this information is not adequately processed or they failed to acknowledge the utility of this information. 

In conclusion, it still remains unclear how the link between transparency and audience’s trust is created. The question remains on whether news consumers recognize transparency features as markers of journalistic quality.

The article “Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online” by Michael Koliska is in Journalism Studies. (open access). 

Picture: scrabble tiles spelling trust by Ronda Dorsey.

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Journalism

News ideology and media storms in France and Israel

Patricia Cruz

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The article “What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms” by Doron Shultziner from Hadassah Academic College looked at the nexus of news ideology and media storms using two media storms to analyze the topic: the Yellow Vests Movement (2018) in France and the Occupy Movement (2011) in Israel.

Media storms are defined as events or topics that take up a substantial part of the coverage for a period of time. They typically peak after few weeks in the beginning and then begin to fade. They have been studied widely with various terms being applied to them like “media event” or “media hypes”.

In the past 15 years, there has been an increase in the amount of studies on media ideology. Measured against the hypothetical gold standard of pure objectivity, media bias can be seen when coverage varies from source to another in different weighings and so on, with professional considerations having been overtaken by ideological ones.

The ideology is often seen in framing – as in this case, left-wing media tends to frame the protests positively and right-wing negatively. This was one of the topics in this study.
There were two data sets for the study: the Israeli one and the French one. The Israeli dataset consisted of coverage from Yedioth Ahronoth, Israel Hayom, Maariv, Haaretz, Makor Rishon (a national-religious newspaper), and Yated Neeman (an ultra-religious newspaper). Israel Hayom, Makor Rishon, and Yated Neeman are right-wing, the rest are left wing.

The French dataset consisted of coverage from Le Figaro, Le Monde, Libération, and L’Obs – listed here from right to left ideologically. The articles from both datasets were coded either positive, negative, or neutral based on several criteria.

The results show that media storms are a multi-media phenomenon, affecting a number of newspapers at once. The findings also demonstrate a media bias: if professional considerations were the only thing that mattered, the coverage in left- and right-wing media would have resembled each other.

Instead, there was a trend of negative coverage in right-wing media and positive in left – and what is more, the lines of coverage moved to opposite directions, showing increased polarization. There were differences between the storms: in the Israel case the newspapers chose their sides early and there was no significant move, but in France the lines diverged as the media storm went on.

News ideology also operated through production bias mechanisms, such as sizing of articles or their placement in the newspaper (front page or somewhere else). Due to the differences of the two cases, the hypotheses regarding the decline stage of the storm were hard to assess.

The author notes that the study has implications for future research. It proposes that media storms may be high-risk events that even challenge the ideology and interests of the news organizations. As important, politically charged events become media storms, they may become political storms instead.

The article “What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms” by Doron Shultziner is in International Journal of Communication. (free access).

Picture: Storm Approaching by Johannes Plenio @jplenio.
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Journalism

Covering women’s sport: My sports journalism career highlights

Patricia Cruz

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There has never been a better time to work in women’s sport and for early-career sports reporters, the opportunities are endless.

Here, multimedia sports reporter Milly McEvoy shares how she has covered everything from the Olympics and Paralympics to international women’s cricket and football tournaments, only a year after finishing her sports journalism course.

In June 2021, fresh off finishing my Multimedia Sports Journalism qualification with in Manchester, I made the move down to London to join Sportsbeat as a reporter.

It feels like a lifetime ago, but what has come in between also feels like a blur – it has involved international rugby and football, the British Athletics Championships and domestic cricket and netball (and lots more) in person. 

I have also covered the Summer Olympics and Paralympics, Wimbledon, the Commonwealth Games, remotely and I have had the opportunity to interview sportspeople involved from the grassroots to the top of the game. 

On top of all that, I spent two months covering the Women’s Cricket World Cup in New Zealand. 

As I came to the end of my history degree in 2020, I already knew I wanted to be a sports journalist, but I started thinking about what form that would take. 

I quickly settled on women’s sport. 

I had always kept an eye on women’s sport, and proudly say the first sporting event I ever attended was a Women’s Euros football match in 2005, but my interest in sport came from what was easily available – and even two years ago most women’s sport wasn’t. 

2020 was a slippery slope to full-on obsession including listening to the 2020 Women’s T20 World Cup final on 8 March in the early morning on the radio. 

Even across the airwaves, the sound of 86,174 people packing into the MCG showed to me that there was plenty of appetite for women’s sport, people just need to be able to see it – and read about it. 

Fast forward two years and Australia were winning another World Cup, but this time, I was there to see it with my own eyes before heading to the press conference to speak with captain Meg Lanning. 

What had led to that point at around 9pm on 3 April 2022 was two months covering one of the most exciting tournaments cricket has ever seen, and I’m luckily not yet jaded enough to have cursed having to rewrite my match reports as momentum swung wildly in several games. 

I learnt so much from covering that World Cup producing over 120 previews, reports, reaction pieces and features, but my favourite one was the last thing I did in Aotearoa, speaking with a slightly hungover Grace Harris the day after she had won the World Cup. 

Having returned to the UK, I enjoyed a full circle moment in July as I covered the Women’s Euros, and just like the 2020 T20 World Cup, I watched from afar as 87,192 fans cheered the home team to victory. 

Except, this time I was writing the match report for the Lionesses and I couldn’t get into the Wembley press box because there were so many people eager to cover women’s sports. 

It feels like England’s win will be a turning point for women’s sport, one that is long overdue, and I am excited to be part of what is to come and grateful and proud to have been a small part of what has already been. 

You can find out more about our multimedia sports journalism course here.

For a taster of our award-winning journalism training, sign up for one of our free workshops here.

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