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Research of July 2022

Patricia Cruz



Here is a list of all academic peer-reviewed articles, reports and other papers published in July 2022 about journalism research. The bolded titles have JRN articles written about the studies.


Published Title Author(s) Journal / publisher
2022-07-01 The Logics of Fact-Checking Website Operations Bumsoo Kim & Nicholas R. Buzzelli Digital Journalism
2022-07-01 Change and Continuity in Digital Journalism: The Covid-19 Pandemic as Situational Context for Broader Arguments about the Field Folker Hanusch Digital Journalism
2022-07-01 Remediatisation, media interdiscursivity and ideological ambivalence in online news reports on sexual assault Michelle M.Lazar Lixin Wan Discourse, Context & Media
2022-07-04 The GameStop saga: Reddit communities and the emerging conflict between new and old media Michael Glassman, Irina Kuznetcova First Monday
2022-07-04 Kittens and Jesus: What would remain in a newsless Facebook? Jean-Hugues Roy First Monday
2022-07-04 Trend Journalism: Definition, History, and Critique Devon Powers Journalism Studies
2022-07-04 Professional Ideals of Data Journalists Around the Globe: Congruencies and Divergences Between Role Conceptions and Narrated Role Performances Lindita Camaj, Jason Martin & Gerry Lanosga Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 NEW CALL ! Global news diversity in perspective (September 30, 2022) Florence Le Cam SUR LE JOURNALISME…
2022-07-05 Comparing impacts on media freedom in Southeast Asia: Connotative context factors in Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand Melanie Radue
Global Media and Communication
2022-07-05 Centrist Language, Camouflaged Ideology: Assembled Text-Based Content on Mainstream and Ideological News Podcasts Marcus Funk &Burton Speakman Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 Framing Energy: A Content Analysis of Spanish Press Energy Issue Coverage from an Environmental Approach in the Context of Climate Change María-Teresa Mercado-Sáez, Sebastián Sánchez-Castillo & María José Pou-Amérigo Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 Reporting Through Patriotic Lenses: How Journalists and Political Actors Understand and Assess the Community Role of Local Journalism Anna Grøndahl Larsen &Anja Aaheim Naper Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 Opinion-leading media as indicators of a democracy at risk: The press and the rise of National Socialism between 1927 and 1932 Josef Seethaler, Gabriele Melischek
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-05 Political power’s media capture strategies in Spain (2016–2021) Isabel Fernández Alonso
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-05 Trump Lies, Truth Dies? Epistemic Crisis and the Effect of False Balance Reporting on Beliefs About Voter Fraud Matthew David Jenkins, Daniel Gomez
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-05 Power Struggles in a Small Town Community: The Intersection of Rural Environmental Protest, Politics, and Hyperlocal News Media Julie Freeman, Brett Hutchins
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-05 Opinion-leading media as indicators of a democracy at risk: The press and the rise of National Socialism between 1927 and 1932 Josef Seethaler, Gabriele Melischek
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-06 Marketing coup or paradigm shift? Reflections on the Dutch media interpretations of the 2017 ‘Mata Hari: de mythe en het meisje’ Julie Wheelwright, PhD, Adriënne Ummels
2022-07-06 Niche climate news sites and the changing context of covering catastrophe Adrienne Russell, Jarkko Kangas, Risto Kunelius, James Painter
2022-07-06 Being Inspired by Media Content: Psychological Processes Leading to Inspiration Chingching Chang Media Psychology
2022-07-07 Questioning Fact-Checking in the Fight Against Disinformation: An Audience Perspective Maria Kyriakidou,Stephen Cushion,Ceri Hughes &Marina Morani Journalism Practice
2022-07-07 New Organizations, Different Journalistic Roles, and Innovative Projects: How Second-generation Newsroom Innovation Labs are Changing the News Ecosystem Hannes Cools,Baldwin Van Gorp &Michaël Opgenhaffen Journalism Practice
2022-07-07 The German Data Journalist in 2021 Mario Haim Journalism Practice
2022-07-07 Impartiality in United Kingdom broadcasting Thomas Gibbons Journal of Media Law
2022-07-07 Friedrich Engels als Journalist Volker Gehrau & Thomas Birkner Publizistik
2022-07-07 News Framing and Preference-Based Reinforcement: Evidence from a Real Framing Environment During the COVID-19 Pandemic Florian Arendt, Michaela Forrai, Manina Mestas
Communication Research
2022-07-07 News Framing and Preference-Based Reinforcement: Evidence from a Real Framing Environment During the COVID-19 Pandemic Florian Arendt, Michaela Forrai, Manina Mestas
Communication Research
2022-07-08 African Journalists at Crossroads: Examining the Impact of China, US, and the UK’s Short-Journalism Training Programs Offered to African Journalists Gregory Gondwe Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Decolonizing Journalism Education to Create Civic and Responsible Journalists in the West Gurvinder Aujla-Sidhu Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Exporting Journalism Culture to Vietnam: The Role of the Trainer in Two Swedish Media Aid Projects Andreas Mattsson Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Parrhesia as Journalism: Learning from the Truth- and Justice-seeking Women Journalists of twentieth Century Turkey Burçe Çelik &Nazan Haydari Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Spanish-Language Television and Diaspora in Detroit and Los Angeles: Toward Latinx Media Enfranchisement Catherine L. Benamou
Television & New Media
2022-07-10 What is Professional Journalism? Conceptual Integration and Empirical Refinement Rubén Arnoldo González & Martín Echeverría Journalism Practice
2022-07-10 Can Journalists Be Safe in a Violent World? Silvio Waisbord Journalism Practice
2022-07-10 Failure to Launch: International Broadcasters as Counter-Hegemonic News Christopher M. Toula International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 Attacking the Gatekeepers: A Survey Experiment on the Effects of Elite Criticism on the Media Patrick F. A. van Erkel, Karolin Soontjens International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 The Moderating Role of Political Ideology: Need for Cognition, Media Locus of Control, Misinformation Efficacy, and Misperceptions About COVID-19 Porismita Borah International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 Purchasing Diversity: A Media Ecology Analysis on the Recruitment of Newspaper Op-ed Columnists Nakho Kim, Ho Young Yoon International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms Doron Shultziner International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 Media Consumption and Its Influence on Electoral Political Engagement: An Analysis From the Communication Mediation Model in the Context of the 2021 Mexican Federal Election Carlos Muñiz International Journal of Communication
2022-07-11 Selective Exposure and New Political Cleavages: Media Use and Ideological Reinforcement Over Time Adam Shehata, Mats Ekström, Per Oleskog Tryggvason
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 Election Campaigns, News Consumption Gaps, and Social Media: Equalizing Political News Use When It Matters? Atle Haugsgjerd, Rune Karlsen
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 How quality journalism forgets about the marginalised Konrad Bleyer-Simon
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-11 Selective Exposure and New Political Cleavages: Media Use and Ideological Reinforcement Over Time Adam Shehata, Mats Ekström, Per Oleskog Tryggvason
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 Election Campaigns, News Consumption Gaps, and Social Media: Equalizing Political News Use When It Matters? Atle Haugsgjerd, Rune Karlsen
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 Sharing Truths About the Self: Theorizing News Reposting on Social Media Jueni Duyen Tran International Journal of Communication
2022-07-12 Public service media for better democracies: Testing the role of perceptual and structural variables in shaping citizens’ evaluations of public television Marcela Campos-Rueda, Manuel Goyanes
2022-07-13 Discourses about independence: A corpus-based analysis of discourse prosodies in Spanish and Catalan newspapers Marcello Giugliano
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-13 Desert Work: Life and Labor in a News and Broadband Desert Nick Mathews & Christopher Ali Mass Communication and Society
2022-07-13 360° Journalism as a Gateway to Information Seeking: The Role of Enjoyment and Spatial Presence Ivanka Pjesivac, Sun Joo (Grace) Ahn, Andrea Briscoe & Solyee Kim Journalism Practice
2022-07-13 Journalists and the Coronavirus. How Changes in Work Environment Affected Psychological Health During the Pandemic Klas Backholm & Trond Idås Journalism Practice
2022-07-14 Bias and representativeness in digitized newspaper collections: Introducing the environmental scan Kaspar Beelen, Jon Lawrence, Daniel C S Wilson, David Beavan Digital Scholarship in the Humanities
2022-07-14 Media policymaking and multistakeholder involvement: Matching audience, stakeholder and government expectations for public service media in Flanders Hilde Van den Bulck, Tim Raats
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-14 The Watchdog Press in the Doghouse: A Comparative Study of Attitudes about Accountability Journalism, Trust in News, and News Avoidance Antonis Kalogeropoulos, Benjamin Toff, Richard Fletcher
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-14 Workplace well-being and support systems in journalism: Comparative analysis of Germany and the United Kingdom Maja Šimunjak, Manuel Menke Journalism
2022-07-14 An Integrative Approach to Social Media News Sharing: The Role of Individual and Situational Factors Su Jung Kim & Jacob L. Nelson Journalism Practice
2022-07-14 Rise and Demise of the Zimbabwe Times Brooks Marmon Media History
2022-07-14 “It’s like we are not human”: discourses of humanisation and otherness in the representation of trans identity in British broadsheet newspapers Camila Soledad Montiel-McCann Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-14 “If they call me, ‘sir’: American newspaper representations of military women” Jessica A. Huerta Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-14 The de-professionalization of Chinese journalism Haiyan Wang &Jing Meng Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-07-14 Normative foundations of media welfare: Perspectives from the Nordic countries Peter Jakobsson, Johan Lindell, Fredrik Stiernstedt
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-14 Commercialising potential as a critical factor of differential media management: a cultural zoning study of China’s regulation of mukbang and online eating disorder communities Sijun Shen
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-14 Normative foundations of media welfare: Perspectives from the Nordic countries Peter Jakobsson, Johan Lindell, Fredrik Stiernstedt
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-14 Commercialising potential as a critical factor of differential media management: a cultural zoning study of China’s regulation of mukbang and online eating disorder communities Sijun Shen
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-15 Forbidden fruit or soured grapes? Long-term effects of the temporary unavailability and rationing of US news websites on their consumption from the European Union Neil Thurman, James Sly, Bartosz Wilczek, Richard Fletcher
International Communication Gazette
2022-07-15 Mainstream media use for far-right mobilisation on the alt-tech online platform Gab Mario Peucker, Thomas J Fisher
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-15 Mainstream media use for far-right mobilisation on the alt-tech online platform Gab Mario Peucker, Thomas J Fisher
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-17 Examinations of the unprofitability of authentic Blackness: insights from Black media professionals Charisse L’Pree Corsbie-Massay,Breagin K. Riley & Raiana Soraia de Carvalho Journal of Applied Communication Research
2022-07-17 Framing climate change in local context: Newspaper coverage of climate change in three mountain towns in the intermountain west compared to national coverage Tyler J. Spradlin, Jennifer E. Givens
Newspaper Research Journal
2022-07-18 The Healing Power of Caring, Ethical Journalism Yayu Feng Journal of Media Ethics
2022-07-19 Ukrainian refugees in Polish press Natalia Zawadzka-Paluektau
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-19 Who gets to speak? Sources in Covid-19 news coverage by Kenyan and Zimbabwean press Dinfin Mulupi & Danford Zirugo Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-19 “The Newsgirl Question”: Competing Frames of Progressive Era Girl Newsies Autumn Lorimer Linford American Journalism
2022-07-19 Johnson Publishing Company and the Search for a White Audience E. James West American Journalism
2022-07-19 Journalism’s Change Agents: Black Lives Matter, #BlackoutTuesday, and a Shift Toward Activist Doxa Summer Harlow
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-19 Police Brutality and Racial Justice Narratives Through Multi-Narrative Framing: Reporting and Commenting on the George Floyd Murder on YouTube Richard N. Canevez, Moshe Karabelnik, Jenifer Sunrise Winter
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-19 The Influence of Visual Frame Combinations in Solutions Journalism Stories Jennifer Midberry, Danielle K. Brown, Robert F. Potter, Ryan N. Comfort
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-19 Cooperation and demotion: A corpus-based critical discourse analysis of Aboriginal people(s) in Australian print news Carly Bray
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-19 Ukrainian refugees in Polish press Natalia Zawadzka-Paluektau
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-20 Audience understandings of disinformation: navigating news media through a prism of pragmatic scepticism Maria Kyriakidou, Marina Morani, Stephen Cushion, Ceri Hughes Journalism
2022-07-21 Framing safety of women in public transport: A media discourse analysis of sexual harassment cases in Bangladesh Seama Mowri, Ajay Bailey
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-21 The role of news media knowledge for how people use social media for news in five countries Anne Schulz, Richard Fletcher, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
New Media & Society
2022-07-21 ‘We may have bad days . . . that doesn’t make us killers’: How military veterans perceive contemporary British media representations of military and post-military life Katy Parry, Jenna Pitchford-Hyde
Media, War & Conflict
2022-07-21 Tradition, modernity, and the visual representation of “leftover women” in the English language news media in China Yating Yu, Joseph Adika Coffie & Dezheng (William) Feng Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-21 Number Soup: Case Studies of Quantitatively Dense News Jena Barchas-Lichtenstein, John Voiklis, Bennett Attaway, Laura Santhanam, Patti Parson, Uduak Grace Thomas, Isabella Isaacs-Thomas,Shivani Ishwar & John Fraser Journalism Practice
2022-07-21 The role of news media knowledge for how people use social media for news in five countries Anne Schulz, Richard Fletcher, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
New Media & Society
2022-07-21 Concentration of online news traffic and publishers’ reliance on platform referrals: Evidence from passive tracking data in the U Prof. Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
Dr Richard Fletcher
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
2022-07-22 The role of news media knowledge for how people use social media for news in five countries Dr Anne Schulz
Dr Richard Fletcher
Prof. Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
2022-07-23 Framing a Movement: Media Portrayals of the George Floyd Protests on Twitter Holly S. Cowart, Ginger E. Blackstone, Jeffrey K. Riley
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-23 Special Issue Introductory Essay Mia Moody-Ramirez, Earnest L. Perry, Jr.
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-23 Engaging With Vilifying Stereotypes: The Role of YouTube Algorithmic Use in Perpetuating Misinformation About Muslim Congresswomen Saifuddin Ahmed, Teresa Gil-Lopez
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-24 Reconversion in a declining market: the return to profitability of the print newspaper industry Raul Rios-Rodríguez, Sara Fernández-López, Adrián Dios-Vicente & David Rodeiro-Pazos Journal of Media Business Studies
2022-07-25 Media-Ready Feminism and Everyday Sexism: How US Audiences Create Meaning across Platforms by Andrea L. Press and Francesca Tripodi Mikayla Pevac Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-25 Sweden’s feminist foreign policy in national newspapers in EU member states (2014–2020): Media logic or political logic? Malena Rosén Sundström
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-25 Regulating and governing China’s internet and digital media in the Xi Jinping era Jian Xu, Haiqing Yu
Media International Australia
2022-07-25 “A Face Like This Is Hard to Beat”: Negotiating Lilith in the Postfeminist Media Economy Courtney Tink &Jenni Lauwrens Communicatio
2022-07-25 Frequencies, Drivers, and Solutions to News Non-Attendance: Investigating Differences Between Low News Usage and News (Topic) Avoidance with Conversational Agents Jakob Ohme, Theo Araujo, Brahim Zarouali & Claes H. de Vreese Journalism Studies
2022-07-27 Advancing Communication Infrastructure Theory: The Moderating Roles of Citizen Journalism Practice and Political Trust on Online Civic Participation Sangwon Lee, Wenlin Liu & Seungahn Nah Mass Communication and Society
2022-07-27 Multimodal metaphor (re)framing: a critical analysis of the promotional image of China’s Hubei Province in the post-pandemic era on new media Yufeng Liu & Dechao Li Social Semiotics
2022-07-27 Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online Michael Koliska Journalism Studies
2022-07-27 Journalistic Product Personnel as Cultural Entrepreneurs: An Exploration of Background, Tenureship, and Knowledge Skills Rowan McMullen Cheng & Valérie Bélair-Gagnon Journalism Studies
2022-07-27 The value of news: A gender gap in paying for news Emma John, Jee Young Lee, Sora Park
Media International Australia
2022-07-28 Editorial: Journalism, Activism, and Social Media: Exploring the Shifts in Journalistic Roles, Performance, and Interconnectedness Peter Maurer, Christian Nuernbergk Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Crime News Under Digitization Process in French and German Newsrooms: Standardization and Diversification of News under Web-First Pressure Claire Ruffio, Nicolas Hubé Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Neutral Observers or Advocates for Societal Transformation? Role Orientations of Constructive Journalists in Germany Uwe Krüger, Markus Beiler, Thilko Gläßgen, Michael Kees, Maximilian Küstermann Media and Communication
2022-07-28 How China Divides the Left: Competing Transnational Left-Wing Alternative Media on Twitter Lev Nachman, Adrian Rauchfleisch, Brian Hioe Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Journalist-Twitterers as Political Influencers in Brazil: Narratives and Disputes Towards a New Intermediary Model Luiz Peres-Neto Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Responding to “Fake News”: Journalistic Perceptions of and Reactions to a Delegitimising Force Aljosha Karim Schapals, Axel Bruns Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Hijacking Journalism: Legitimacy and Metajournalistic Discourse in Right-Wing Podcasts David O. Dowling, Patrick R. Johnson, Brian Ekdale Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Fighting Disinformation in the 1930s: Clyde Miller and the Institute for Propaganda Analysis Anya Schiffrin International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 American Media, American Mind: Media Impact on Nigerians’ Perceptions Omotayo O. Banjo, Dirichi Umunna International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Mind the Gap! Journalism on Social Media and News Consumption Among Young Audiences Jorge Vázquez-Herrero, María-Cruz Negreira-Rey, José Sixto-García International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Making Money Public: The Journalistic Construction of the Paycheck Protection Program Parker Bach, Lana Swartz International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Thematic Analysis and Use of Journalistic Sources in the COVID-19 Crisis: The New York Times, El Universal, and El País Itziar Bernaola-Serrano, Guadalupe Aguado-Guadalupe International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Mobilising public support for the U.S. China-trade war: a comparison of U.S. and Chinese news media Louisa Ha,Ke Guo & Peiqin Chen The Journal of International Communication
2022-07-28 Sylvain DEJEAN, Marianne LUMEAU, Stéphanie PELTIER Information Economics and Policy
2022-07-29 The Kosovo war and the Washington Post: Bombings and alignments Astrid A Fleischer
Media, War & Conflict
2022-07-29 The European AI Act and How It Matters for Research into AI in Media and Journalism Natali Helberger & Nicholas Diakopoulos Digital Journalism
2022-07-29 Putting a Human Face on the Algorithm: Co-Designing Recommender Personae to Democratize News Recommender Systems Lawrence Van den Bogaert, David Geerts & Jaron Harambam
Digital Journalism
2022-07-30 “We Rewrote This Title”: How News Headlines Are Remediated on Facebook and How This Affects Engagement Kenza Lamot, Tim Kreutz, Michaël Opgenhaffen
Social Media + Society
2022-07-30 How Do News Media for Children and Adolescents Differ from Those for Adults? A Content Analysis of German Reporting on Migration and Refugees Marco Dohle, Ole Kelm, Marike Bormann & Gerhard Vowe Journalism Practice
2022-07-30 Journalists’ Roles and the Ultra-Right: The Case of Italy Cinzia Padovani Journalism Studies
2022-07-31 Primitive or empowered: representations of Native Americans and COVID-19 in news media Theresa Davidson,Niya Pickett Miller &Bryan Day Communication Quarterly

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Mastering the Art of Public Speaking: Overcoming Fear and Becoming a Confident Speaker

Julio Ferguson



Public speaking is a valuable skill that can open doors to personal and professional success. However, for many, the thought of speaking in front of an audience can be anxiety-inducing. The good news is that with practice and the right techniques, anyone can become a confident and effective public speaker. In this guide, we will explore how to overcome the fear of public speaking and develop the skills needed to master this art.

Understanding the Fear of Public Speaking

Public speaking anxiety, often called glossophobia, is a common fear. It can manifest as nervousness, rapid heartbeat, sweating, or even full-blown panic attacks. Understanding the root causes of this fear is the first step toward overcoming it:

1. Fear of Judgment: Many people worry about how they will be perceived by their audience, fearing judgment or criticism.

2. Lack of Confidence: A lack of confidence in one’s speaking abilities can contribute to anxiety.

3. Perfectionism: Setting unrealistically high standards for oneself can lead to performance anxiety.

4. Past Negative Experiences: A negative past speaking experience can create a fear of repeating that failure.

5. Uncertainty: Not knowing the audience or feeling unprepared can intensify anxiety.

Developing Confidence in Public Speaking

1. Prepare Thoroughly

The more you know your topic, the more confident you’ll feel. Research your subject thoroughly, organize your thoughts, and create a well-structured outline or presentation.

2. Practice, Practice, Practice

Practice your speech multiple times. Rehearse in front of a mirror, record yourself, or present to a trusted friend or family member for feedback.

3. Visualize Success

Mental rehearsal can be a powerful tool. Visualize yourself confidently delivering your speech, receiving positive feedback, and feeling a sense of accomplishment.

4. Control Your Breathing

Deep, slow breaths can calm your nerves. Practice deep breathing exercises before and during your speech to help manage anxiety.

5. Start Small

Build your confidence gradually by speaking in front of smaller, more supportive groups before tackling larger audiences.

6. Focus on Your Message, Not Yourself

Shift your focus from self-doubt to your message and the value you are providing to your audience. Concentrate on how your message can benefit them.

7. Engage with Your Audience

Interact with your audience by making eye contact, asking questions, and encouraging participation. This creates a more engaging and less intimidating atmosphere.

8. Use Visual Aids Wisely

Visual aids, such as slides or props, can enhance your presentation. However, use them sparingly and ensure they complement your message rather than distract from it.

9. Embrace Imperfections

Accept that nobody is perfect, and even experienced speakers make mistakes. Embrace any slip-ups with humor or grace, and keep going.

10. Seek Professional Training

Consider enrolling in a public speaking course or working with a speaking coach to improve your skills and confidence.

Managing Nervousness

Even with preparation and practice, nervousness before speaking is natural. Here are some strategies to manage it:

1. Arrive Early: Arriving early allows you to familiarize yourself with the venue and test any equipment.

2. Use Relaxation Techniques: Deep breathing, progressive muscle relaxation, or meditation can help calm your nerves.

3. Stay Hydrated: Drink water to prevent a dry mouth, which is a common physical manifestation of anxiety.

4. Avoid Caffeine: Limit caffeine intake on the day of your speech, as it can exacerbate nervousness.

5. Focus on Your Message: Keep your attention on the content and value of your speech, rather than your anxiety.

6. Use Positive Self-Talk: Replace negative thoughts with positive affirmations to boost your confidence.

Continued Improvement

Becoming a confident public speaker is an ongoing process. Here are some tips for continued improvement:

1. Record Your Speeches: Recording your speeches allows you to review your performance and identify areas for improvement.

2. Seek Feedback: Encourage constructive feedback from peers or mentors to refine your speaking skills.

3. Set Speaking Goals: Continuously challenge yourself by setting goals for speaking engagements or skill development.

4. Join a Toastmasters Club: Toastmasters International is a renowned organization that helps individuals improve their public speaking skills through practice and feedback.

In Conclusion

Public speaking is a skill that can be mastered with time and effort. By understanding the root causes of your fear, preparing thoroughly, practicing regularly, and implementing confidence-boosting techniques, you can become a confident and effective public speaker. Remember that it’s normal to feel nervous, but with the right strategies and mindset, you can turn that nervous energy into a powerful tool for engaging and inspiring your audience.

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The Power of Affirmations: Using Positive Affirmations to Boost Self-Esteem

Julio Ferguson




Self-esteem plays a vital role in our overall well-being and success in life. It influences how we perceive ourselves, how we handle challenges, and the quality of our relationships. Low self-esteem can lead to self-doubt, anxiety, and missed opportunities, while high self-esteem can empower us to pursue our dreams with confidence. One effective tool for improving self-esteem is the use of positive affirmations. In this article, we will explore the power of affirmations and how they can be employed to boost self-esteem.

Understanding Self-Esteem

Before delving into the world of affirmations, it’s essential to understand what self-esteem is. Self-esteem is the subjective evaluation of one’s worth, which can either be positive (high self-esteem) or negative (low self-esteem). High self-esteem is associated with self-confidence, resilience, and a positive outlook on life. On the other hand, low self-esteem can lead to self-criticism, fear of failure, and a lack of self-belief.

What Are Affirmations?

Affirmations are positive statements that are consciously repeated to instill specific beliefs or thoughts into the mind. They are designed to challenge and overcome negative self-talk and replace it with more constructive, empowering beliefs. Affirmations can be used for various purposes, but in the context of self-esteem, they are tailored to boost self-worth and confidence.

The Science Behind Affirmations

The effectiveness of affirmations is rooted in psychological principles. When we repeat positive affirmations, we engage in a process known as self-affirmation theory. This theory suggests that individuals are motivated to protect their self-concept and self-integrity. Affirmations allow us to reinforce positive aspects of our identity, making it easier to dismiss negative thoughts and self-doubt.

Research also shows that affirmations can have a significant impact on our brain. Repeating affirmations can lead to increased activity in areas of the brain associated with self-processing and self-worth. This means that affirmations can literally change the way we think about ourselves.

How to Create Effective Affirmations

Not all affirmations are equally effective. To harness the power of affirmations for boosting self-esteem, consider the following tips when creating your own:

  1. Be Positive and Present: Affirmations should be stated in the present tense and be positive. For example, say, “I am confident and capable,” rather than, “I will be confident and capable.”
  2. Make Them Specific: Address the specific areas of self-esteem that you want to improve. If you struggle with self-worth, use affirmations like, “I am worthy of love and respect.”
  3. Use the First Person: Phrase affirmations in the first person to personalize them. Say, “I am” or “I have” instead of “You are” or “You have.”
  4. Keep Them Realistic: While affirmations are meant to be positive, they should also be grounded in reality. Avoid affirmations that are too far from your current beliefs, as they may feel disingenuous.
  5. Repeat Regularly: Consistency is key. Repeating affirmations daily, preferably in the morning and evening, can reinforce the positive beliefs you’re trying to instill.

Incorporating Affirmations into Your Daily Routine

Now that you know how to create effective affirmations, it’s crucial to incorporate them into your daily routine. Here are some strategies for doing so:

  1. Morning Ritual: Start your day with a set of affirmations that boost your self-esteem. This can set a positive tone for the day ahead.
  2. Visual Aids: Write down your affirmations on sticky notes or create a vision board with images and phrases that represent your goals and positive self-beliefs.
  3. Mobile Apps: There are several mobile apps designed to help you practice affirmations daily. These apps can send reminders and track your progress.
  4. Journaling: Incorporate affirmations into your journaling practice. Reflect on your affirmations and your progress regularly.

The Transformational Impact of Affirmations

As you integrate affirmations into your daily life, you’ll likely start noticing positive changes in your self-esteem. Over time, you may experience:

  • Increased Confidence: Affirmations can bolster your self-confidence, helping you tackle challenges and take risks.
  • Reduced Self-Doubt: Negative self-talk can be replaced with affirmations, reducing self-doubt and anxiety.
  • Improved Relationships: Higher self-esteem often leads to healthier relationships, as you value and respect yourself more, which encourages others to do the same.
  • Enhanced Resilience: With a stronger sense of self-worth, you’ll become more resilient in the face of adversity.


The power of affirmations in boosting self-esteem is well-documented and accessible to anyone willing to embrace this practice. By understanding the psychology behind affirmations, crafting effective statements, and incorporating them into your daily routine, you can embark on a transformative journey towards higher self-esteem. With consistent effort and a positive mindset, you can rewrite the script of your self-concept and realize your full potential. Remember, you are worthy of love, success, and all the positive experiences life has to offer.

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Crafting Your Personal Mission Statement: Defining Your Life’s Purpose and Goals

Julio Ferguson



A personal mission statement is a powerful tool for clarifying your life’s purpose, values, and long-term goals. It serves as a guiding compass that helps you make decisions, set priorities, and stay focused on what truly matters to you. In this guide, we will explore the importance of creating a personal mission statement and provide practical steps to craft one that reflects your aspirations and values.

Why Create a Personal Mission Statement?

A personal mission statement is like a roadmap for your life. Here’s why it’s worth investing time and effort into crafting one:

1. Clarity and Focus

A mission statement helps you define your purpose and what you want to achieve in life. It provides clarity and direction, allowing you to make decisions that align with your values and goals.

2. Goal Setting

It serves as a foundation for setting meaningful, achievable goals. Your mission statement can guide you in setting both short-term and long-term objectives that are in line with your life’s purpose.

3. Motivation

A well-crafted mission statement can serve as a source of motivation and inspiration during challenging times. It reminds you of your core values and why you’re pursuing your goals.

4. Alignment with Values

It helps you live a life that is in alignment with your values. Your mission statement acts as a filter, helping you prioritize activities, relationships, and opportunities that resonate with your beliefs.

5. Resilience

In times of adversity, your personal mission statement can provide resilience and determination. It reminds you of the bigger picture and encourages perseverance.

Steps to Craft Your Personal Mission Statement

Creating a personal mission statement is a reflective process that requires introspection and thoughtful consideration. Follow these steps to craft your own:

1. Self-Reflection

Take time to reflect on your life, values, and beliefs. Consider the following questions:

  • What are my core values?
  • What activities bring me the most joy and fulfillment?
  • What do I want to achieve in my lifetime?
  • What impact do I want to have on the world or my community?
  • What legacy do I want to leave behind?

2. Define Your Purpose

Based on your reflections, write a concise statement that defines your life’s purpose. This should be a single sentence that captures the essence of what you want to achieve or contribute to the world.

3. Identify Your Values

List your core values. These are the principles and beliefs that guide your decisions and actions. Examples of values include integrity, compassion, creativity, and perseverance.

4. Set Goals

Identify specific, measurable goals that align with your purpose and values. These goals should reflect both short-term and long-term aspirations. Consider goals related to your career, personal development, relationships, and contributions to society.

5. Draft Your Mission Statement

Now, combine your purpose, values, and goals into a concise mission statement. Your mission statement should be clear, inspiring, and true to who you are. Here’s a basic structure to follow:

“I am [your name], and my mission is to [your purpose], guided by my core values of [list your values]. I will achieve this by [briefly describe how you will work toward your goals]. My mission is to [desired impact or legacy].”

6. Refine and Revise

Crafting a mission statement is an iterative process. Write a draft, reflect on it, and revise as needed. Seek feedback from trusted friends or mentors who know you well to ensure your statement accurately reflects your aspirations.

7. Live Your Mission

Once you have a final mission statement, use it as a daily guide. Make choices and set priorities that align with your mission. Periodically revisit your statement to ensure it remains relevant as your life evolves.

Examples of Personal Mission Statements

Here are a few examples of personal mission statements for inspiration:

  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to inspire others through creativity and innovation, guided by my core values of integrity, collaboration, and perseverance. I will achieve this by continuously learning, sharing my knowledge, and creating meaningful art that impacts people’s lives positively. My mission is to leave a legacy of creativity that sparks inspiration in others.”
  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to promote health and well-being in my community, guided by my core values of compassion, empathy, and service. I will achieve this by pursuing a career in healthcare, volunteering at local organizations, and educating others about healthy living. My mission is to make a positive impact on the health and happiness of those around me.”
  • “I am [your name], and my mission is to foster a world where every child has access to quality education, guided by my core values of equality, education, and empowerment. I will achieve this by working in the field of education, volunteering with organizations that support children’s education, and advocating for policy changes that improve access to education. My mission is to leave a legacy of knowledge and empowerment.”

In Conclusion

Crafting a personal mission statement is a transformative process that can bring clarity, purpose, and fulfillment to your life. It serves as a roadmap for your journey, guiding your decisions and actions in alignment with your values and goals. Take the time to reflect on what truly matters to you, define your purpose, and create a mission statement that inspires you to live a meaningful and purpose-driven life.

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