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Research of July 2022

Patricia Cruz

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Here is a list of all academic peer-reviewed articles, reports and other papers published in July 2022 about journalism research. The bolded titles have JRN articles written about the studies.

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Published Title Author(s) Journal / publisher
2022-07-01 The Logics of Fact-Checking Website Operations Bumsoo Kim & Nicholas R. Buzzelli Digital Journalism
2022-07-01 Change and Continuity in Digital Journalism: The Covid-19 Pandemic as Situational Context for Broader Arguments about the Field Folker Hanusch Digital Journalism
2022-07-01 Remediatisation, media interdiscursivity and ideological ambivalence in online news reports on sexual assault Michelle M.Lazar Lixin Wan Discourse, Context & Media
2022-07-04 The GameStop saga: Reddit communities and the emerging conflict between new and old media Michael Glassman, Irina Kuznetcova First Monday
2022-07-04 Kittens and Jesus: What would remain in a newsless Facebook? Jean-Hugues Roy First Monday
2022-07-04 Trend Journalism: Definition, History, and Critique Devon Powers Journalism Studies
2022-07-04 Professional Ideals of Data Journalists Around the Globe: Congruencies and Divergences Between Role Conceptions and Narrated Role Performances Lindita Camaj, Jason Martin & Gerry Lanosga Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 NEW CALL ! Global news diversity in perspective (September 30, 2022) Florence Le Cam SUR LE JOURNALISME…
2022-07-05 Comparing impacts on media freedom in Southeast Asia: Connotative context factors in Malaysia, Myanmar and Thailand Melanie Radue
Global Media and Communication
2022-07-05 Centrist Language, Camouflaged Ideology: Assembled Text-Based Content on Mainstream and Ideological News Podcasts Marcus Funk &Burton Speakman Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 Framing Energy: A Content Analysis of Spanish Press Energy Issue Coverage from an Environmental Approach in the Context of Climate Change María-Teresa Mercado-Sáez, Sebastián Sánchez-Castillo & María José Pou-Amérigo Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 Reporting Through Patriotic Lenses: How Journalists and Political Actors Understand and Assess the Community Role of Local Journalism Anna Grøndahl Larsen &Anja Aaheim Naper Journalism Studies
2022-07-05 Opinion-leading media as indicators of a democracy at risk: The press and the rise of National Socialism between 1927 and 1932 Josef Seethaler, Gabriele Melischek
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-05 Political power’s media capture strategies in Spain (2016–2021) Isabel Fernández Alonso
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-05 Trump Lies, Truth Dies? Epistemic Crisis and the Effect of False Balance Reporting on Beliefs About Voter Fraud Matthew David Jenkins, Daniel Gomez
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-05 Power Struggles in a Small Town Community: The Intersection of Rural Environmental Protest, Politics, and Hyperlocal News Media Julie Freeman, Brett Hutchins
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-05 Opinion-leading media as indicators of a democracy at risk: The press and the rise of National Socialism between 1927 and 1932 Josef Seethaler, Gabriele Melischek
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-06 Marketing coup or paradigm shift? Reflections on the Dutch media interpretations of the 2017 ‘Mata Hari: de mythe en het meisje’ Julie Wheelwright, PhD, Adriënne Ummels
Journalism
2022-07-06 Niche climate news sites and the changing context of covering catastrophe Adrienne Russell, Jarkko Kangas, Risto Kunelius, James Painter
Journalism
2022-07-06 Being Inspired by Media Content: Psychological Processes Leading to Inspiration Chingching Chang Media Psychology
2022-07-07 Questioning Fact-Checking in the Fight Against Disinformation: An Audience Perspective Maria Kyriakidou,Stephen Cushion,Ceri Hughes &Marina Morani Journalism Practice
2022-07-07 New Organizations, Different Journalistic Roles, and Innovative Projects: How Second-generation Newsroom Innovation Labs are Changing the News Ecosystem Hannes Cools,Baldwin Van Gorp &Michaël Opgenhaffen Journalism Practice
2022-07-07 The German Data Journalist in 2021 Mario Haim Journalism Practice
2022-07-07 Impartiality in United Kingdom broadcasting Thomas Gibbons Journal of Media Law
2022-07-07 Friedrich Engels als Journalist Volker Gehrau & Thomas Birkner Publizistik
2022-07-07 News Framing and Preference-Based Reinforcement: Evidence from a Real Framing Environment During the COVID-19 Pandemic Florian Arendt, Michaela Forrai, Manina Mestas
Communication Research
2022-07-07 News Framing and Preference-Based Reinforcement: Evidence from a Real Framing Environment During the COVID-19 Pandemic Florian Arendt, Michaela Forrai, Manina Mestas
Communication Research
2022-07-08 African Journalists at Crossroads: Examining the Impact of China, US, and the UK’s Short-Journalism Training Programs Offered to African Journalists Gregory Gondwe Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Decolonizing Journalism Education to Create Civic and Responsible Journalists in the West Gurvinder Aujla-Sidhu Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Exporting Journalism Culture to Vietnam: The Role of the Trainer in Two Swedish Media Aid Projects Andreas Mattsson Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Parrhesia as Journalism: Learning from the Truth- and Justice-seeking Women Journalists of twentieth Century Turkey Burçe Çelik &Nazan Haydari Journalism Studies
2022-07-08 Spanish-Language Television and Diaspora in Detroit and Los Angeles: Toward Latinx Media Enfranchisement Catherine L. Benamou
Television & New Media
2022-07-10 What is Professional Journalism? Conceptual Integration and Empirical Refinement Rubén Arnoldo González & Martín Echeverría Journalism Practice
2022-07-10 Can Journalists Be Safe in a Violent World? Silvio Waisbord Journalism Practice
2022-07-10 Failure to Launch: International Broadcasters as Counter-Hegemonic News Christopher M. Toula International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 Attacking the Gatekeepers: A Survey Experiment on the Effects of Elite Criticism on the Media Patrick F. A. van Erkel, Karolin Soontjens International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 The Moderating Role of Political Ideology: Need for Cognition, Media Locus of Control, Misinformation Efficacy, and Misperceptions About COVID-19 Porismita Borah International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 Purchasing Diversity: A Media Ecology Analysis on the Recruitment of Newspaper Op-ed Columnists Nakho Kim, Ho Young Yoon International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms Doron Shultziner International Journal of Communication
2022-07-10 Media Consumption and Its Influence on Electoral Political Engagement: An Analysis From the Communication Mediation Model in the Context of the 2021 Mexican Federal Election Carlos Muñiz International Journal of Communication
2022-07-11 Selective Exposure and New Political Cleavages: Media Use and Ideological Reinforcement Over Time Adam Shehata, Mats Ekström, Per Oleskog Tryggvason
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 Election Campaigns, News Consumption Gaps, and Social Media: Equalizing Political News Use When It Matters? Atle Haugsgjerd, Rune Karlsen
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 How quality journalism forgets about the marginalised Konrad Bleyer-Simon
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-11 Selective Exposure and New Political Cleavages: Media Use and Ideological Reinforcement Over Time Adam Shehata, Mats Ekström, Per Oleskog Tryggvason
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 Election Campaigns, News Consumption Gaps, and Social Media: Equalizing Political News Use When It Matters? Atle Haugsgjerd, Rune Karlsen
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-11 Sharing Truths About the Self: Theorizing News Reposting on Social Media Jueni Duyen Tran International Journal of Communication
2022-07-12 Public service media for better democracies: Testing the role of perceptual and structural variables in shaping citizens’ evaluations of public television Marcela Campos-Rueda, Manuel Goyanes
Journalism
2022-07-13 Discourses about independence: A corpus-based analysis of discourse prosodies in Spanish and Catalan newspapers Marcello Giugliano
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-13 Desert Work: Life and Labor in a News and Broadband Desert Nick Mathews & Christopher Ali Mass Communication and Society
2022-07-13 360° Journalism as a Gateway to Information Seeking: The Role of Enjoyment and Spatial Presence Ivanka Pjesivac, Sun Joo (Grace) Ahn, Andrea Briscoe & Solyee Kim Journalism Practice
2022-07-13 Journalists and the Coronavirus. How Changes in Work Environment Affected Psychological Health During the Pandemic Klas Backholm & Trond Idås Journalism Practice
2022-07-14 Bias and representativeness in digitized newspaper collections: Introducing the environmental scan Kaspar Beelen, Jon Lawrence, Daniel C S Wilson, David Beavan Digital Scholarship in the Humanities
2022-07-14 Media policymaking and multistakeholder involvement: Matching audience, stakeholder and government expectations for public service media in Flanders Hilde Van den Bulck, Tim Raats
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-14 The Watchdog Press in the Doghouse: A Comparative Study of Attitudes about Accountability Journalism, Trust in News, and News Avoidance Antonis Kalogeropoulos, Benjamin Toff, Richard Fletcher
The International Journal of Press/Politics
2022-07-14 Workplace well-being and support systems in journalism: Comparative analysis of Germany and the United Kingdom Maja Šimunjak, Manuel Menke Journalism
2022-07-14 An Integrative Approach to Social Media News Sharing: The Role of Individual and Situational Factors Su Jung Kim & Jacob L. Nelson Journalism Practice
2022-07-14 Rise and Demise of the Zimbabwe Times Brooks Marmon Media History
2022-07-14 “It’s like we are not human”: discourses of humanisation and otherness in the representation of trans identity in British broadsheet newspapers Camila Soledad Montiel-McCann Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-14 “If they call me, ‘sir’: American newspaper representations of military women” Jessica A. Huerta Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-14 The de-professionalization of Chinese journalism Haiyan Wang &Jing Meng Chinese Journal of Communication
2022-07-14 Normative foundations of media welfare: Perspectives from the Nordic countries Peter Jakobsson, Johan Lindell, Fredrik Stiernstedt
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-14 Commercialising potential as a critical factor of differential media management: a cultural zoning study of China’s regulation of mukbang and online eating disorder communities Sijun Shen
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-14 Normative foundations of media welfare: Perspectives from the Nordic countries Peter Jakobsson, Johan Lindell, Fredrik Stiernstedt
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-14 Commercialising potential as a critical factor of differential media management: a cultural zoning study of China’s regulation of mukbang and online eating disorder communities Sijun Shen
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-15 Forbidden fruit or soured grapes? Long-term effects of the temporary unavailability and rationing of US news websites on their consumption from the European Union Neil Thurman, James Sly, Bartosz Wilczek, Richard Fletcher
International Communication Gazette
2022-07-15 Mainstream media use for far-right mobilisation on the alt-tech online platform Gab Mario Peucker, Thomas J Fisher
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-15 Mainstream media use for far-right mobilisation on the alt-tech online platform Gab Mario Peucker, Thomas J Fisher
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-17 Examinations of the unprofitability of authentic Blackness: insights from Black media professionals Charisse L’Pree Corsbie-Massay,Breagin K. Riley & Raiana Soraia de Carvalho Journal of Applied Communication Research
2022-07-17 Framing climate change in local context: Newspaper coverage of climate change in three mountain towns in the intermountain west compared to national coverage Tyler J. Spradlin, Jennifer E. Givens
Newspaper Research Journal
2022-07-18 The Healing Power of Caring, Ethical Journalism Yayu Feng Journal of Media Ethics
2022-07-19 Ukrainian refugees in Polish press Natalia Zawadzka-Paluektau
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-19 Who gets to speak? Sources in Covid-19 news coverage by Kenyan and Zimbabwean press Dinfin Mulupi & Danford Zirugo Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-19 “The Newsgirl Question”: Competing Frames of Progressive Era Girl Newsies Autumn Lorimer Linford American Journalism
2022-07-19 Johnson Publishing Company and the Search for a White Audience E. James West American Journalism
2022-07-19 Journalism’s Change Agents: Black Lives Matter, #BlackoutTuesday, and a Shift Toward Activist Doxa Summer Harlow
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-19 Police Brutality and Racial Justice Narratives Through Multi-Narrative Framing: Reporting and Commenting on the George Floyd Murder on YouTube Richard N. Canevez, Moshe Karabelnik, Jenifer Sunrise Winter
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-19 The Influence of Visual Frame Combinations in Solutions Journalism Stories Jennifer Midberry, Danielle K. Brown, Robert F. Potter, Ryan N. Comfort
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-19 Cooperation and demotion: A corpus-based critical discourse analysis of Aboriginal people(s) in Australian print news Carly Bray
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-19 Ukrainian refugees in Polish press Natalia Zawadzka-Paluektau
Discourse & Communication
2022-07-20 Audience understandings of disinformation: navigating news media through a prism of pragmatic scepticism Maria Kyriakidou, Marina Morani, Stephen Cushion, Ceri Hughes Journalism
2022-07-21 Framing safety of women in public transport: A media discourse analysis of sexual harassment cases in Bangladesh Seama Mowri, Ajay Bailey
Media, Culture & Society
2022-07-21 The role of news media knowledge for how people use social media for news in five countries Anne Schulz, Richard Fletcher, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
New Media & Society
2022-07-21 ‘We may have bad days . . . that doesn’t make us killers’: How military veterans perceive contemporary British media representations of military and post-military life Katy Parry, Jenna Pitchford-Hyde
Media, War & Conflict
2022-07-21 Tradition, modernity, and the visual representation of “leftover women” in the English language news media in China Yating Yu, Joseph Adika Coffie & Dezheng (William) Feng Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-21 Number Soup: Case Studies of Quantitatively Dense News Jena Barchas-Lichtenstein, John Voiklis, Bennett Attaway, Laura Santhanam, Patti Parson, Uduak Grace Thomas, Isabella Isaacs-Thomas,Shivani Ishwar & John Fraser Journalism Practice
2022-07-21 The role of news media knowledge for how people use social media for news in five countries Anne Schulz, Richard Fletcher, Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
New Media & Society
2022-07-21 Concentration of online news traffic and publishers’ reliance on platform referrals: Evidence from passive tracking data in the U Prof. Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
Dr Richard Fletcher
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
2022-07-22 The role of news media knowledge for how people use social media for news in five countries Dr Anne Schulz
Dr Richard Fletcher
Prof. Rasmus Kleis Nielsen
Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism
2022-07-23 Framing a Movement: Media Portrayals of the George Floyd Protests on Twitter Holly S. Cowart, Ginger E. Blackstone, Jeffrey K. Riley
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-23 Special Issue Introductory Essay Mia Moody-Ramirez, Earnest L. Perry, Jr.
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-23 Engaging With Vilifying Stereotypes: The Role of YouTube Algorithmic Use in Perpetuating Misinformation About Muslim Congresswomen Saifuddin Ahmed, Teresa Gil-Lopez
Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly
2022-07-24 Reconversion in a declining market: the return to profitability of the print newspaper industry Raul Rios-Rodríguez, Sara Fernández-López, Adrián Dios-Vicente & David Rodeiro-Pazos Journal of Media Business Studies
2022-07-25 Media-Ready Feminism and Everyday Sexism: How US Audiences Create Meaning across Platforms by Andrea L. Press and Francesca Tripodi Mikayla Pevac Feminist Media Studies
2022-07-25 Sweden’s feminist foreign policy in national newspapers in EU member states (2014–2020): Media logic or political logic? Malena Rosén Sundström
European Journal of Communication
2022-07-25 Regulating and governing China’s internet and digital media in the Xi Jinping era Jian Xu, Haiqing Yu
Media International Australia
2022-07-25 “A Face Like This Is Hard to Beat”: Negotiating Lilith in the Postfeminist Media Economy Courtney Tink &Jenni Lauwrens Communicatio
2022-07-25 Frequencies, Drivers, and Solutions to News Non-Attendance: Investigating Differences Between Low News Usage and News (Topic) Avoidance with Conversational Agents Jakob Ohme, Theo Araujo, Brahim Zarouali & Claes H. de Vreese Journalism Studies
2022-07-27 Advancing Communication Infrastructure Theory: The Moderating Roles of Citizen Journalism Practice and Political Trust on Online Civic Participation Sangwon Lee, Wenlin Liu & Seungahn Nah Mass Communication and Society
2022-07-27 Multimodal metaphor (re)framing: a critical analysis of the promotional image of China’s Hubei Province in the post-pandemic era on new media Yufeng Liu & Dechao Li Social Semiotics
2022-07-27 Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online Michael Koliska Journalism Studies
2022-07-27 Journalistic Product Personnel as Cultural Entrepreneurs: An Exploration of Background, Tenureship, and Knowledge Skills Rowan McMullen Cheng & Valérie Bélair-Gagnon Journalism Studies
2022-07-27 The value of news: A gender gap in paying for news Emma John, Jee Young Lee, Sora Park
Media International Australia
2022-07-28 Editorial: Journalism, Activism, and Social Media: Exploring the Shifts in Journalistic Roles, Performance, and Interconnectedness Peter Maurer, Christian Nuernbergk Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Crime News Under Digitization Process in French and German Newsrooms: Standardization and Diversification of News under Web-First Pressure Claire Ruffio, Nicolas Hubé Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Neutral Observers or Advocates for Societal Transformation? Role Orientations of Constructive Journalists in Germany Uwe Krüger, Markus Beiler, Thilko Gläßgen, Michael Kees, Maximilian Küstermann Media and Communication
2022-07-28 How China Divides the Left: Competing Transnational Left-Wing Alternative Media on Twitter Lev Nachman, Adrian Rauchfleisch, Brian Hioe Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Journalist-Twitterers as Political Influencers in Brazil: Narratives and Disputes Towards a New Intermediary Model Luiz Peres-Neto Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Responding to “Fake News”: Journalistic Perceptions of and Reactions to a Delegitimising Force Aljosha Karim Schapals, Axel Bruns Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Hijacking Journalism: Legitimacy and Metajournalistic Discourse in Right-Wing Podcasts David O. Dowling, Patrick R. Johnson, Brian Ekdale Media and Communication
2022-07-28 Fighting Disinformation in the 1930s: Clyde Miller and the Institute for Propaganda Analysis Anya Schiffrin International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 American Media, American Mind: Media Impact on Nigerians’ Perceptions Omotayo O. Banjo, Dirichi Umunna International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Mind the Gap! Journalism on Social Media and News Consumption Among Young Audiences Jorge Vázquez-Herrero, María-Cruz Negreira-Rey, José Sixto-García International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Making Money Public: The Journalistic Construction of the Paycheck Protection Program Parker Bach, Lana Swartz International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Thematic Analysis and Use of Journalistic Sources in the COVID-19 Crisis: The New York Times, El Universal, and El País Itziar Bernaola-Serrano, Guadalupe Aguado-Guadalupe International Journal of Communication
2022-07-28 Mobilising public support for the U.S. China-trade war: a comparison of U.S. and Chinese news media Louisa Ha,Ke Guo & Peiqin Chen The Journal of International Communication
2022-07-28 Sylvain DEJEAN, Marianne LUMEAU, Stéphanie PELTIER Information Economics and Policy
2022-07-29 The Kosovo war and the Washington Post: Bombings and alignments Astrid A Fleischer
Media, War & Conflict
2022-07-29 The European AI Act and How It Matters for Research into AI in Media and Journalism Natali Helberger & Nicholas Diakopoulos Digital Journalism
2022-07-29 Putting a Human Face on the Algorithm: Co-Designing Recommender Personae to Democratize News Recommender Systems Lawrence Van den Bogaert, David Geerts & Jaron Harambam
Digital Journalism
2022-07-30 “We Rewrote This Title”: How News Headlines Are Remediated on Facebook and How This Affects Engagement Kenza Lamot, Tim Kreutz, Michaël Opgenhaffen
Social Media + Society
2022-07-30 How Do News Media for Children and Adolescents Differ from Those for Adults? A Content Analysis of German Reporting on Migration and Refugees Marco Dohle, Ole Kelm, Marike Bormann & Gerhard Vowe Journalism Practice
2022-07-30 Journalists’ Roles and the Ultra-Right: The Case of Italy Cinzia Padovani Journalism Studies
2022-07-31 Primitive or empowered: representations of Native Americans and COVID-19 in news media Theresa Davidson,Niya Pickett Miller &Bryan Day Communication Quarterly

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Journalism

Article: Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online

Patricia Cruz

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The study “Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online” by Michael Koliska from Georgetown University experimented on news consumers’ trust as brought on by transparency, and further, in the second experiment, explored the reasons for the findings in the first.

Transparency in journalism is defined as opening up the journalistic processes (production, decision making) to outsiders, i.e. making journalism more transparent. Karlsson (2010, 2020) further divides transparency into disclosure, participatory, and ambient transparency. 

Defining trust, on the other hand, in journalism has been tricky, as it has been associated with credibility. Kohring and Matthes (2007) define the four elements of trust: 1. trust in topic selectivity; 2. trust in fact selectivity; 3. trust in accuracy of descriptions, and 4. trust in journalistic assessment. 

This study recruited its participants from Amazon’s Mechanical Turk (MTurk) platform. There were a total of 1092 participants. They were presented with a news story about nanoparticles – a topic that was unfamiliar to most and therefore had a low risk of partisan opinions. The article was presented in six different webpages that had differing transparency items in them.

There were 11 different trust items in the first experiment. Based on the results, the hypotheses were rejected. They were H1: A a) production transparency news item and a b) producer transparency news item will be trusted more than a non-transparent item. H2: A full transparency (both production and producer transparency) news item will be trusted more than a) a non-transparent article, b) a production transparency article, and c) a producer transparency article. And H3a: A full transparency news item will be trusted more than a full transparent article that includes biased information about the producer. H3b: A producer transparency news item with neutral personal information will be trusted more than a producer transparency article with biased information.

Nevertheless, the participants agreed that the journalist was trustworthy and that they sometimes trusted the news media. On results, it was speculated that the participants did not recognize the transparency features as cognitive heuristics and did not interact much with the transparency items. 

The second experiment was similar. There were a total of 379 participants, who were not the same as in the first one. They were assigned to read the same article as in the first about nanoparticles, placed again on five different webpages with varying transparency features.  

Further on, the participants were asked to recall the transparency features (such as hyperlinks, author bio, editorial explanations etc.) and to recall specific information from the article and the transparency features. 

The participants recalled items such as the photo (84% of the ones assigned to the webpage with a photo) only 34% could correctly identify the journalist. Similarly, 53% of those who had seen an editorial explanation recalled it, but only 26% could recall a detail from it. Participants also had trouble recalling the individual transparency features they were exposed to.

It was noted that the participants had better recall on items that were part of the actual story than the ‘digitally outsourced’ transparency items. It is possible that this information is not adequately processed or they failed to acknowledge the utility of this information. 

In conclusion, it still remains unclear how the link between transparency and audience’s trust is created. The question remains on whether news consumers recognize transparency features as markers of journalistic quality.

The article “Trust and Journalistic Transparency Online” by Michael Koliska is in Journalism Studies. (open access). 

Picture: scrabble tiles spelling trust by Ronda Dorsey.

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Journalism

News ideology and media storms in France and Israel

Patricia Cruz

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The article “What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms” by Doron Shultziner from Hadassah Academic College looked at the nexus of news ideology and media storms using two media storms to analyze the topic: the Yellow Vests Movement (2018) in France and the Occupy Movement (2011) in Israel.

Media storms are defined as events or topics that take up a substantial part of the coverage for a period of time. They typically peak after few weeks in the beginning and then begin to fade. They have been studied widely with various terms being applied to them like “media event” or “media hypes”.

In the past 15 years, there has been an increase in the amount of studies on media ideology. Measured against the hypothetical gold standard of pure objectivity, media bias can be seen when coverage varies from source to another in different weighings and so on, with professional considerations having been overtaken by ideological ones.

The ideology is often seen in framing – as in this case, left-wing media tends to frame the protests positively and right-wing negatively. This was one of the topics in this study.
There were two data sets for the study: the Israeli one and the French one. The Israeli dataset consisted of coverage from Yedioth Ahronoth, Israel Hayom, Maariv, Haaretz, Makor Rishon (a national-religious newspaper), and Yated Neeman (an ultra-religious newspaper). Israel Hayom, Makor Rishon, and Yated Neeman are right-wing, the rest are left wing.

The French dataset consisted of coverage from Le Figaro, Le Monde, Libération, and L’Obs – listed here from right to left ideologically. The articles from both datasets were coded either positive, negative, or neutral based on several criteria.

The results show that media storms are a multi-media phenomenon, affecting a number of newspapers at once. The findings also demonstrate a media bias: if professional considerations were the only thing that mattered, the coverage in left- and right-wing media would have resembled each other.

Instead, there was a trend of negative coverage in right-wing media and positive in left – and what is more, the lines of coverage moved to opposite directions, showing increased polarization. There were differences between the storms: in the Israel case the newspapers chose their sides early and there was no significant move, but in France the lines diverged as the media storm went on.

News ideology also operated through production bias mechanisms, such as sizing of articles or their placement in the newspaper (front page or somewhere else). Due to the differences of the two cases, the hypotheses regarding the decline stage of the storm were hard to assess.

The author notes that the study has implications for future research. It proposes that media storms may be high-risk events that even challenge the ideology and interests of the news organizations. As important, politically charged events become media storms, they may become political storms instead.

The article “What Happens in the Eye of the Storm? News Ideology During Media Storms” by Doron Shultziner is in International Journal of Communication. (free access).

Picture: Storm Approaching by Johannes Plenio @jplenio.
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Covering women’s sport: My sports journalism career highlights

Patricia Cruz

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There has never been a better time to work in women’s sport and for early-career sports reporters, the opportunities are endless.

Here, multimedia sports reporter Milly McEvoy shares how she has covered everything from the Olympics and Paralympics to international women’s cricket and football tournaments, only a year after finishing her sports journalism course.

In June 2021, fresh off finishing my Multimedia Sports Journalism qualification with in Manchester, I made the move down to London to join Sportsbeat as a reporter.

It feels like a lifetime ago, but what has come in between also feels like a blur – it has involved international rugby and football, the British Athletics Championships and domestic cricket and netball (and lots more) in person. 

I have also covered the Summer Olympics and Paralympics, Wimbledon, the Commonwealth Games, remotely and I have had the opportunity to interview sportspeople involved from the grassroots to the top of the game. 

On top of all that, I spent two months covering the Women’s Cricket World Cup in New Zealand. 

As I came to the end of my history degree in 2020, I already knew I wanted to be a sports journalist, but I started thinking about what form that would take. 

I quickly settled on women’s sport. 

I had always kept an eye on women’s sport, and proudly say the first sporting event I ever attended was a Women’s Euros football match in 2005, but my interest in sport came from what was easily available – and even two years ago most women’s sport wasn’t. 

2020 was a slippery slope to full-on obsession including listening to the 2020 Women’s T20 World Cup final on 8 March in the early morning on the radio. 

Even across the airwaves, the sound of 86,174 people packing into the MCG showed to me that there was plenty of appetite for women’s sport, people just need to be able to see it – and read about it. 

Fast forward two years and Australia were winning another World Cup, but this time, I was there to see it with my own eyes before heading to the press conference to speak with captain Meg Lanning. 

What had led to that point at around 9pm on 3 April 2022 was two months covering one of the most exciting tournaments cricket has ever seen, and I’m luckily not yet jaded enough to have cursed having to rewrite my match reports as momentum swung wildly in several games. 

I learnt so much from covering that World Cup producing over 120 previews, reports, reaction pieces and features, but my favourite one was the last thing I did in Aotearoa, speaking with a slightly hungover Grace Harris the day after she had won the World Cup. 

Having returned to the UK, I enjoyed a full circle moment in July as I covered the Women’s Euros, and just like the 2020 T20 World Cup, I watched from afar as 87,192 fans cheered the home team to victory. 

Except, this time I was writing the match report for the Lionesses and I couldn’t get into the Wembley press box because there were so many people eager to cover women’s sports. 

It feels like England’s win will be a turning point for women’s sport, one that is long overdue, and I am excited to be part of what is to come and grateful and proud to have been a small part of what has already been. 

You can find out more about our multimedia sports journalism course here.

For a taster of our award-winning journalism training, sign up for one of our free workshops here.

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